1st Edition

Rock Dynamics and Applications 3 Proceedings of the 3rd International Confrence on Rock Dynamics and Applications (RocDyn-3), June 26-27, 2018, Trondheim, Norway

Edited By Charlie Li, Xing Li, Zong-Xian Zhang Copyright 2018

    Rock Dynamics – Experiments, Theories and Applications is a collection of scientific and technical papers presented at the Third International Conference on Rock Dynamics and Applications (RocDyn-3, Trondheim, Norway, 26-27 June 2018). The papers in the book reflect the recent developments in experiment and theory as well as engineering applications of rock dynamics. Rock dynamics studies the response of rock and rock masses under dynamic loading and during the state transition from static loading to kinetic movement. It also includes the study of engineering countermeasures to dynamic instability of rock and rock masses. The topics in the book include:

    - Dynamic theories
    - Numerical simulation
    - Propagation of stress waves
    - Dynamic tests of rock
    - Stability of underground openings under dynamic loading
    - Rockburst
    - Seismic monitoring
    - Dynamic rock support
    - Blasting
    - Earthquake-related rock structure damage, etc.

    Applications, such as rockburst, dynamic rock support, seismic monitoring, blasting and earthquake-related rock structure damage, are paid special attention in Rock Dynamics – Experiments, Theories and Applications. The papers, from specialists both from mining and tunnelling branches, discuss commonly interested dynamic issues. Their experience and knowledge in the application of rock dynamics are extremely valuable for all academics, engineers and professionals who work with rock dynamics.


    Rock burst observations from hard rock mines: Failures, successes, lessons learned
    B.P. Simser

    Dynamic and coupled static-dynamic loading theory and method in deep hard rock mining
    X.B. Li, M. Tao, F.Q. Gong, D.Y. Li, T.B. Yin, Z.L. Zhou, K. Du, C.D. Ma & X.L. Liu

    A review of the development of better prediction equations for blast fragmentation
    F. Ouchterlony & J.A. Sanchidrián

    Spalling in extreme ground motion and evidence from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake
    C.A. Tang & Z.Y. Liao

    Laboratory dynamic testing of rock

    Shear behavior of planar rock joints under Dynamic Normal Load (DNL) conditions
    W. Dang, H. Konietzky & T. Frühwirt

    Experimental characterization of Himalayan limestone
    S. Mishra, T. Chakraborty, V. Matsagar & D. Basu

    Effects of water-filled rock joints on ultrasonic P-wave propagation
    H. Yang, H.F. Duan & J.B. Zhu

    Monitoring of damage evolution in granite under uniaxial compression by AE and P-wave velocity
    T. Zhou & J.B. Zhu

    Dynamic fracture behavior of dry and saturated sandstone
    X. Cai, Z.L. Zhou, D. Ma, X.B. Li & G.Y. Zhao

    Two-ways dynamic shear testing of rock discontinuities
    Ö. Aydan, N. Tokashiki, N.Z. Nasiry, N. Iwata & R. Kiyota

    Stress redistribution of dynamic loading incident through a pre-stressed cavity
    M. Tao, H.T. Zhao, Z.W. Li, A. Ma, Z.X. Hong & S.F. Ren

    Dynamic tests of marble specimens with artificial defects under impact loading by SHPB
    D.Y. Li, Z.Y. Han, X.B. Li, X.L. Sun, Y. Shi & T. Zhou

    Experimental study on the strength characteristics of coal specimens under static and dynamic loadings
    W. Wang, H. Wang, H.Z. Zang, H.M. Li & D.Y. Li

    Deformation characteristics of Beishan granite under low-cyclic loading
    L. Shi, X. Zhang & C.C. Li

    Dynamic mode II fracture toughness determination of rocks with short cores in compression method
    S.W. Oh, G.J. Min, S.W. Park, S.H. Cho & Y.H. You

    Thermo-mechanical properties of sandstone under coupled static and dynamic loading
    T.B. Yin & P. Wang

    Fracture characteristics of rock under coupled static pre-load and impact disturbance
    F.Q. Gong, S. Luo, L. Zhang & D.H. Lu

    Dynamic characteristic of rock under in-situ stress and blast loading
    C.L. He & J. Yang

    Mechanical characteristics of sandstone under both static pre-stress and cyclic loading
    K. Du, R. Su, C.Z. Yang & M. Tao

    Study on rock breakage by disc cutter under coupled static and dynamic loads
    Q.B. Lin, P. Cao & Y. Chen

    Development of impact loading test device for gas-containing coal
    Z.Q. Yin, Z.D. Wei, Z. Zhang, J.C. Chang, C.M. Li, H.F. Ma, G.M. Zhao, X.Y. Zhang, W.B. Shi & M. Tu

    Dynamic increase factors of rock strength
    K. Liu, Q.B. Zhang & J. Zhao

    A preliminary study of using high-speed Digital Image Correlation (DIC) to characterize the penetration on geomaterial
    H.Z. Xing, G.L.N. Wu, S. Dehkhoda, Q.B. Zhang & J. Zhao

    Validation of a mathematical model for evaluating the dynamic shear strength of rock
    T. Okada & T. Naya

    Theoretical study and numerical modelling

    Sensitivity analysis of block stability under seismic loading
    A. Bolin & R. Ghazal

    Numerical study on the strain-rate sensitivity of rock: Meso-mechanical approach
    T. Saksala

    Study of the deformation property of rock under cyclic loading based on the sub-loading surface theory
    Y.Q. Zhou, Q. Sheng, N.N. Li & Y.B. Zhou

    General invariant representations of several kinematical identities
    H. Zuo, S.C. Deng, Z.H. Huang, C.X. Xiao, X. Zheng, R. Luo & R. Zhao

    Numerical simulations on failure and stress wave propagation in solid materials using a 3D lattice spring model
    T. Nishimura, M. Kohno & K. Fumimura

    Analysis of elastic wave attenuation in different rock samples
    X.L. Liu, G.Y. Zhao, J.H. Cui, X.B. Li & Q. Guo

    Application of Dominant Crack Algorithm (DCA) to dynamic tensile failure of rocks
    B. Wu, Q. Wang & K. Xia

    Dynamic rock slope stability analysis using UDEC software
    B.H.V. Sekar & S.R. Naik

    DEM analysis of the effect of discontinuities on coal mass brittleness
    O. Vardar, C. Zhang, F. Tahmasebinia, I. Canbulat & B. Hebblewhite

    Analysis of rock failure under dynamic loading based on a micromechanical damage model
    M.H. Ahmadi & H. Molladavoodi

    A dynamic stress state analysis at the pressure tunnel of upper Tamakoshi HPP, Nepal
    K.K. Panthi & C.B. Basnet

    A study on the dynamic feedback characteristics of slip body during sliding
    L.G. Wang, G.C. Zhao, Y.H. Xi & Q. Chen

    Research on the dynamic behaviour of rock material: Rate dependency and pulverization
    X.F. Li, H.B. Li, Q.B. Zhang & J. Zhao

    Rockburst and dynamic rock support

    Dynamic buckling mechanism of pillar rockbursts induced by stress waves
    J. Deng

    Strain and energy parameters of burst-prone rocks: Study and analysis
    N.N. Kuznetcov, I.V. Fedotova & A.K. Pak

    Determination of the specific rock failure energy at various structural-scale levels
    A.V. Zemtcovskii, N.N. Kuznetcov & K.N. Konstantinov

    Large scale destress blasting in roof rocks for rockburst control
    P. Konicek

    A numerical study of spalling under different dynamic loads using PNMM
    X. Li, Q.B. Zhang, J. Zhao & J.C. Li

    Rockbursts characteristics on twin TBM tunnels in the lower himalayas
    P. Dickson, M.H. Kizilbash, G.A. Rosario, G. Peach & B. Ashcroft

    Study on the influence of aircraft load on the tunnel under airport runway
    R.L. Shan, Y.W. Song, C.H. Wang & X.X. Fan

    Effects of the joint density and joint dip angle on the fracture energy in coal mass
    C. Zhang, F. Tahmasebinia, I. Canbulat, O. Vardar & S. Saydam

    Rock energy evolution under triaxial cyclic loading-unloading compression
    M.W. Zhang, S.D. Liu, Q.B. Meng, D.Y. Qian & N. Zhang

    Towards improved design of rock reinforcement systems in burst-prone rock masses
    W. Breure, D.J.M. Ngan-Tillard & C.C. Li

    Study on the interaction between shock waves and non-uniform stresses in the rock mass
    S.M. Pang, W.J. Tao, X.Q. Tan, J.P. Chen, D. Zhang & Z.C. Nie

    Rock fracturing related to strain burst in quartzite rock mass
    C.C. Li, D. Sandström & A. Nyström

    The development and optimization of face-perpendicular preconditioning technique for development ends
    F. Sengani & T. Zvarivadza

    Practice of face-perpendicular preconditioning for safe remnant extraction
    T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani

    Behaviour of full grouted rock bolts subjected to repeated dynamic loading
    Q. Wu, F. Zhao, Z.H. Zhou, Y. Li & S.P. Zhang

    Dynamic response of support systems during the excavation of underground openings
    Ö. Aydan, F. Ito & T. Ito

    Increased agility for the research and development of dynamic roof support products
    G. Knox & A. Berghorst

    Relationship between energy per impulse and dynamic capacity of a rockbolt
    K. Bosman, M. Cawood & A. Berghorst

    Mechanical response of fully bonded bolts under cyclic loading
    X.W. Feng

    Application of the MD bolt in the Fosterville gold mine
    A. Stiehl, B. Darlington, M. Rataj & P. Young

    Dynamic response of rock bolts to blasting vibrations
    S.H. Chen & S.W. Hu

    Development of the MDX bolt and in-situ dynamic testing at Telfer Gold Mine
    B. Darlington, M. Rataj, G. Balog & D. Barnett

    Dynamic test of flexi-bolts reinforcement system and its performance in hard rockunderground mining
    F. Sengani & T. Zvarivadza

    Garford Hybrid Dynamic bolt reinforcement system on trial in deep level gold mines of South Africa
    T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani

    The need for additional dynamic testing methods for ground support elements
    P.A. Mikula & B.M. Brown

    Monitoring pillar behaviour while driving towards a shear zone in highly stressed ground at Vale’s Creighton mine
    A. Punkkinen, B. Forbes, A. Hyett & J. Whitmore

    Seismicity and seismic monitoring in underground excavations

    A case study of mining induced seismicity in a weak rock mine at Barrick Goldstrike in Nevada
    R. Wu & V. Lamin

    Seismic response of shallow buried rock tunnel: Shaking table test and numerical simulation
    J.T. Chen, H.T. Yu & Y. Yuan

    Forecast the deformation of the surrounding rock using MS monitoring
    N.W. Xu, F. Dai, T. Zhao, Z. Zhou & C. Sha

    Stress evolution and induced seismicity in mining: Lab test, observation and modeling
    L.A. Nazarova, V.N. Zakharov, L.A. Nazarov, V.L. Shkuratnik, M.I. Protasov & P.V. Nikolenko

    Monitoring of mining-induced seismicity in the Khibiny rock massif
    A.A. Kozyrev, E.V. Kasparyan & I.V. Fedotova

    A numerical modeling methodology for assessing rock failure stabilities
    Z. Khademian & U. Ozbay

    Microseismic monitoring in twin TBM tunnels in the lower himalayas
    A.K. Khan, G. Peach, G.A. Rosario, H.-S. Xiong, X.-T. Feng, B. Chen, Y. Xiao & G. Feng

    Comparison of microseismic monitoring and actual rockbursts in twin TBM tunnels in the Lower Himalayas
    G. Peach, G.A. Rosario, H.-S. Xiong & X.-T. Feng

    Rock burst prediction and case analysis based on seismic monitoring in tunneling
    T.H. Ma & C.A. Tang

    Seismic characteristics of field measurements and numerical analyses of an underground quarry in Oya
    T. Seiki, T.K.M. Dintwe, R. Yamaguchi, S. Noguchi & T. Ohmura

    Multi-factor pattern recognition method of rockburst in coal mines
    H.W. Zhang, Y.P. Li, X.Z. Zhao, J.Q. Chen & L. Ma

    Earthquake-induced damages to engineering structures

    Some considerations on the stability and design of underground structures during earthquakes
    K. Kamemura & Ö. Aydan

    Damage to rock engineering structures induced by the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes
    Ö. Aydan, J. Tomiyama, H. Matsubara, N. Tokashiki & N. Iwata

    Dynamic response and stability of some historical masonry structures subjected to ground shaking
    N. Tokashiki, Ö. Aydan, N.Z. Nasiry, T. Ito & M. Geniş

    Simulation of strong motions and surface rupture of the 2014 Northern Nagano Earthquake
    N. Iwata, R. Kiyota, K. Adachi, Y. Takahashi, Ö. Aydan, F. Miura & T. Ito

    Dynamic stability of rock slopes and the effect of reinforcement against planar sliding
    Y. Takahashi, N. Iwata, R. Kiyota, K. Adachi, Ö. Aydan & N. Tokashiki

    Seismic response of a tunnel embedded in compacted sand through large-scale shake table testing
    H. Zhou & X.H. Wang

    Stick-slip behavior of rock discontinuities by difference in rock types
    R. Kiyota, N. Iwata, Y. Takahashi, K. Adachi & Ö. Aydan

    Experimental study on seismic stability of foundation rocks under critical facilities
    M. Ishimaru, A. Sekiguchi, T. Okada, K. Hiraga & K. Ozawa

    Status of rock dynamics study in horonobe underground research laboratory, Japan
    T. Sato, K. Aoyagi, Y. Matsuzaki, N. Miyara & K. Miyakawa

    Dynamic response of a shallow tunnel with imperfect interface in anisotropic medium
    X.P. Zhang & Y.J. Jiang

    Design and performance of the foundation of the tsunami protection wall at the Hamaoka Nuclear Power Station
    M. Wani

    Collapse experiment and numerical simulation of a slope under strong earthquake
    X.F. Liu, N. Zhao & W.B. An


    A case study of determining the safety threshold of blasting vibration for tunnel lining
    C.C. Xia, F. Xue & J.K. Gao

    Application of a new mining method to slightly inclined thin orebodies at depth
    C.D. Ma, Y.-S. Wang, Y.-N. Zhou, C.-Z. Guo & Z.-L. Liu

    Assessment of the damage of precise delay blasting in a metro tunnel to building structures
    D. Zhang & S. Huan

    An experimental investigation on dynamic responses of granite blocks under blast loading
    L. Chi, A. Aalberg, Z.X. Zhang, C.C. Li & J. Yang

    A case study on one shot raise driving using multi-spherical charges in an open pit mine
    Q.Y. Li, D.Y. Luo, W.H. Wang, Z.Y. Wu & D.H. Sun

    Other relevant topics

    The effect of water saturation on P-wave velocity for igneous rocks
    S. Kahraman & M. Fener

    Estimation of the strength of Konya pyroclastic rocks from P-wave velocity
    S. Kahraman, T.K. Gun, B. Gunes & I. Ince

    Experimental protocol for stress corrosion cracking for full-size cable bolts
    S. Wu, H.L. Ramandi, P.C. Hagan, S. Saydam & B. Hebblewhite

    Shear behavior and acoustic emission characteristics of regular dentate joints
    C.D. Su, H.Z. Zang, J.Q. Guo, Y.N. Sun, C.S. Song & W. Wang

    Simple rock cutting testing
    S. Yasar

    Tensile failure analysis of double-cracked flat mortar specimens
    Z.H. Huang, S.C. Deng & H.B. Li

    Support mechanism of 4D force-transferring block set
    Z.G. Ma, N. Cui & P. Gong

    Evaluation of in-stope pillar failure: A case study of deep to ultra-deep level gold mining in South Africa
    T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani

    The performance of mechanical anchors in South African mechanized deep level gold mining
    F. Sengani & T. Zvarivadza

    An experimental study on mechanical behavior of joint specimens
    F. Wang, P. Cao, Q.P. Gao & Z. Wang

    Case studies related to real time geotechnical monitoring systems for an open pit coal mine in Western Canada
    G. Bonci, B. Klappstein & W. Maston


      Professor Charlie Chunlin Li is an engineering graduate with degrees of BEng and MEng in geological engineering and PhD in rock mechanics. He was a research associate at Luleå university of Technology for 7 years and a ground control engineer in the Kristineberg mine of Sweden for more than 4 years. He was the Chief Technology Officer of a university spin-out innovation company, Dynamic Rock Support AS, for 4 years. He has held the professorship of rock mechanics in the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) since 2004. He is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences (NTVA). He is the Vice President for Europe (2015-2019) in the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM). Dr. Li has more than 30 years’ experience in rock mechanics and ground control for mining and civil engineering. His major interests are failure mechanics of rock and rock masses, stability analysis, theory and practice of static and dynamic rock support. He has profound knowledge in rockbolts and other types of rock support elements. He invented a dynamic rock support device, the D-Bolt, which has been using world-widely in burst-prone deep mines and deep tunnels. His published a book, "Rockbolting", in 2017.

      Xing Li is a graduate with degrees of BEng and MEng in mechanics. He was a research assistant and PhD candidate at Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) of Switzerland from 2013 to 2015. He transferred his PhD candidature to Monash University of Australia in 2015 and is set to obtain his PhD degree in rock mechanics at the end of 2017. His research interests are rock dynamics, numerical manifold method, spalling and rockburst.

      Zongxian Zhang is currently the Professor of Mining Engineering and Director of Research Center at Oulu Mining School, University of Oulu, Finland. He got his Bachelor, Master and PhD degree from Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, University of Science and Technology Beijing (USTB), and Luleå University of Technology (LTU), respectively. He worked at USTB from 1986 to 1997, LTU from 1997 to 2002, Swedish mining company LKAB from 2002 to 2013, and the University Centre in Svalbard from 2013 to 2016. For about 35 years he has been working in the field related to Rock Dynamics and its applications in mining engineering. His research fields include effects of loading rates on rock fracture and fragmentation, stress waves in rock, rock fragmentation by blasting, rock drilling, mining methods, mining safety, ore recovery and dilution, vibration control, rock support, seismic events and rock bursts. His publications include 3 books and 70 articles. His research is mostly included in his book "Rock Fracture and Blasting: Theory and Applications" published in 2016.