School Success for At-Risk Students: A Culturally Responsive Tiered Approach introduces a model that incorporates cultural responsiveness into the familiar three-tiered model of behavioural and academic support. The model is designed to modify learning environments to support all students, identify students at risk, and provide a continuum of supports for those who need it.
The characteristics, outcomes, and support needs of at-risk students are explored in detail. These students include those with disabilities, those who are English language learners, refugees, indigenous, LGBT+, students from low SES backgrounds, and those who are involved with the juvenile justice or out-of-home care systems. The concepts of cultural responsiveness and competence are defined and discussed, then incorporated into a framework that includes the Response to Intervention and Positive Behavioural Interventions and Supports frameworks. This revised framework is investigated in regards to theory, research, and practice. The importance of cultural competence for at-risk students and ways to improve this in schools are suggested.
This book is a necessary companion for educators and researchers who have an interest in exploring the nature and context of educating at-risk students from the perspective of a culturally responsive multi-tiered system of support. It will also be of interest to a wide range of individuals working in education with at-risk youth, including preservice and veteran teachers, leadership teams, school psychologists, and school counsellors, as well as teacher educators.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables
About the Authors
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Theoretical Frameworks
Chapter 3. At-risk Students: English Learners, Migrant/refugee, and Indigenous Students
Chapter 4. At-Risk Students: Students with Disabilities, Mental Health Issues, Chronic Illness
Chapter 5. At-Risk Students: Students in Out of Home Care, Involvement With the Justice System, and from Low SES Backgrounds
Chapter 6. At-Risk Students: LGBT+
Chapter 7. Developing a Culturally Competent School Culture
Chapter 8. Conclusion
Dr Therese M. Cumming is Associate Professor in Special Education at UNSW Australia. Her publications include an edited book (Sustaining Mobile Learning: Theory, Research, and Practice, 2016), two co-authored books (School Connectedness of Students with Disabilities; Lifespan Transitions for Individuals with Disabilities: A Holistic Perspective, 2016), book chapters, journal articles, and international conference papers. She also has many years of experience as a special educator.
Dr Cathi Draper Rodriguez is Professor and Chair of the Department of Education and Leadership. She is a Nationally Certified School Psychologist. She has focused her research on using technology with English learners with and without disabilities, the diagnosis of disabilities in English learners, assessment in education, and multicultural education.