Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model : Comparative and Historical Perspectives book cover
1st Edition

Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model
Comparative and Historical Perspectives

ISBN 9780367535858
Published December 20, 2021 by Routledge
260 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Schoolteachers and the Nordic Model examines the cultural distinctiveness of the Nordic teaching profession and teacher training compared to examples from Europe and North America.

The book explores the concept of these ‘teacher cultures’ as various dimensions of professional identities, recruitment patterns, teachers’ social status, values and knowledge. It considers how Nordic teachers´ socio-cultural backgrounds and their shifting societal roles compare with continental European examples, analysing the societal consequences of teacher cultures for the current Nordic welfare states. Offering a unique focus on teachers, the book uses a shared comparative and historical approach to add new knowledge to the analysis of global convergence and divergence in educational systems.

The book will be of great interest to researchers, scholars and post-graduate students in the fields of comparative education, educational policy, the sociology of education and the history of education. It will also be of interest to policy makers, teacher educators and school leaders.

The Open Access version of this book, available at, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Of myths and models: the unity and diversity of Nordic educational cultures

Jesper Eckhardt Larsen, Barbara Schulte, Fredrik W. Thue

1.Nordic elementary schoolteachers: organic intellectuals, agents of a colonising state, emancipatory groups, or all of these?

Jesper Eckhardt Larsen

2. Preaching and teaching: the religious origins of Nordic teacher cultures

Fredrik W. Thue

3. Peasant amongst peasants: the role of the Scandinavian teacher as farmer in the nineteenth century

Christian Larsen

4. The Nordic model from afar: Chinese scholarly projections of Nordic education and teachers

Barbara Schulte

5. Finnish primary teacher training and Nordic comparisons in Committee Reports from the 1860s to the 1960s

Marjo Nieminen

6. Becoming universities? Academisation and the integration of Finnish and Swedish teacher education institutions in the system of higher education

Janne Holmén and Johanna Ringarp

7. Approaches to pedagogy in Finnish and Danish pre-service teacher education: historical paths and contemporary divergence

Beatrice Cucco and Jesper Eckhardt Larsen

8. Teacher education reform in Sweden, Germany, and England

Lindsey Waine and Susanne Wiborg

9. Teacher unions, teacher cultures, and teacher education in Sweden and Finland 1970–2020

Björn Furuhagen and Janne Holmén

10. Elitist tradition and democratic reform: Norwegian and Danish upper-secondary teacher cultures in transition, 1960–1994

Lars Erik Larsen and Fredrik W. Thue

11. Discourses of teacher professionalism in Norway

Sølvi Mausethagen

12. Teachers’ autonomy in assessment between perceived fairness and institutional framings: Sweden and Germany in comparison

Kathleen Falkenberg and Johanna Ringarp

13. Integration, fragmentation and complexity: governing the teaching profession and the Nordic model

Wieland Wermke, Tine S. Prøitz

Conclusion- Schoolteachers and the Nordic model

Jesper Eckhardt Larsen, Barbara Schulte, Fredrik W. Thue

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Jesper Eckhardt Larsen is Associate Professor in the History of Education at the University of Oslo, Norway.

Barbara Schulte is Professor in Comparative and International Education at the University of Vienna, Austria.

Fredrik W. Thue is Professor in the History and Theory of Professions at Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.