350 pages | 9 B/W Illus.
The discourse and practice of science are deeply connected to explicit and implicit narratives of nature. However, nature has been understood in diverse ways by cultures across the world. Could these different views of nature generate the possibility of alternate views on science?
Part of the innovative series Science and Technology Studies, this volume looks at different conceptualizations of nature and the manner in which they structure the practice of the sciences. The essays draw upon philosophy, history, sociology, religion, feminism, mathematics and cultural studies, and establish a dialogue between cultures through a multi-disciplinary exploration of science.
With contributions from major scholars in the field, this volume will deeply interest scholars and students of science and technology studies; sociology, history and philosophy of science; as also environmental studies.
Introduction 1. Post-Humanist ‘Narratives of (non-)Nature’ and the Sciences Stephen Healy 2. Nature, Body and Woman: An Indian Perspective on Value Dualisms Meera Baindur 3. Homosexuality in the West: A Tightrope Walk between Christianity and Science Yiftach Fehige 4. Feminist Philosophy of Science and Postcolonial Science Studies Kathleen Okruhlik 5. Is Food Natural or Cultural? Food, Body and ‘the Social’ in Indian Medical Traditions V. Sujatha 6. Placing and Moving Knowledge: East and West, North and South Stephen Bocking 7. Why did Exchange of Knowledge across Eurasia Generate a Scientific Revolution in the West? Arun Bala 8. Nineteenth-Century Science and Western Materialism Bernard Lightman 9. Eastern Mathematics, Western Mathematics: Shall the Twain Ever Meet? George Gheverghese Joseph 10. Nature of Mathematics and Scientific Knowledge in Indian Tradition M. D. Srinivas 11. See What I Mean? On Developing Norms for the Production and Publication of Scientific Images Letitia Meynell 12. The ‘Relocation’ of Technology between East and West: Stationary Steam Engines and Steamboats in India in the Early Nineteenth Century David Philip Miller 13. The Production and Distribution of Pharmaceutical Clinical Trial Knowledge: Case Studies in the Political Economy of Scientific Knowledge Sergio Sismondo. About the Editors. Notes on Contributors. Index
There is little doubt that science and technology are the most influential agents of global circulation of cultures. Science & Technology Studies (STS) is a well-established discipline that has for some time challenged simplistic understanding of science and technology (S&T) by drawing on perspectives from history, philosophy and sociology. However, an asymmetry between ‘western’ and ‘eastern’ cultures continues, not only in the production of new S&T but also in their analysis. At the same time, these cultures which have little contribution to the understanding of S&T are also becoming their dominant consumers. More importantly, S&T are themselves getting modified through the interaction with the historical, cultural and philosophical worldviews of the non-western cultures and this is creating new spaces for the interpretation and application of S&T. This series aims to take into account these perspectives and set right this global imbalance by promoting monographs and edited volumes which analyse S&T from multicultural and comparative perspectives.