This volume situates itself within the context of the rapidly growing interdisciplinary field that is dedicated to the study of the complex interactions between science and religion. It presents an innovative approach insofar as it addresses the Eurocentrism that is still prevalent in this field. At the same time it reveals how science develops in the space that emerges between the ‘local’ and the ‘global’. The volume examines a range of themes central to the interaction between science and religion: ‘Eastern’ thought within ‘Western’ science and religion and vice versa, and revisits thinkers who sought to integrate ‘Eastern’ and ‘Western’ thinking. It studies Zen Buddhism and its relation to psychotherapy, Islamic science, Vedantic science, atheism in India, and Darwinism, offering in turn new perspectives on a variety of approaches to nature.
Part of the Science and Technology Studies series, this volume brings together original perspectives from major scholars from across disciplines and will be of great interest to scholars and students of science and technology studies, history of science, philosophy of science, religious studies, and sociology.
‘By extending the scope of the discussion beyond the Western Christian world, it not only addresses these old questions but raises some new ones.’
Gregory W. Dawes, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Introduction 1. Science International (Beyond the West): The Ups and Downs of Trans-Cultural Science 2. Zen, Suzuki and the Art of Psychotherapy 3. India's Response to Darwin 4. Perspectives on the Relation between Science and Religion in India 5. Jagadish Chandra Bose and Vedantic Science 6. Ancient Indian Philosophy meets Modern Western Science: Discussions of Causality and Consciousness in the Colonial Indian Academy 7. Being Religious, Being Scientific: Science, Religion, and Atheism in Contemporary India 8. Betwixt Science and Religion; East and West: Jesuits in 17th and 18th Century Southern India 9. Exploring the Contemporary Debate Over Islam and Science in India: Portrait of the Aligarh School 10. How Scientific was Islamic Science? A Case Study in the Alchemy of al-Razi 11. Western influences on Greek scholars: The scientific education of Greek Orthodox during the 17th century
There is little doubt that science and technology are the most influential agents of global circulation of cultures. Science & Technology Studies (STS) is a well-established discipline that has for some time challenged simplistic understanding of science and technology (S&T) by drawing on perspectives from history, philosophy and sociology. However, an asymmetry between ‘western’ and ‘eastern’ cultures continues, not only in the production of new S&T but also in their analysis. At the same time, these cultures which have little contribution to the understanding of S&T are also becoming their dominant consumers. More importantly, S&T are themselves getting modified through the interaction with the historical, cultural and philosophical worldviews of the non-western cultures and this is creating new spaces for the interpretation and application of S&T. This series aims to take into account these perspectives and set right this global imbalance by promoting monographs and edited volumes which analyse S&T from multicultural and comparative perspectives.