Scour and Erosion IX : Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE 2018), November 5-8, 2018, Taipei, Taiwan book cover
1st Edition

Scour and Erosion IX
Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE 2018), November 5-8, 2018, Taipei, Taiwan

Edited By

Yeh Keh-Chia

ISBN 9780367074678
Published October 12, 2018 by CRC Press
178 Pages

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Book Description

Scour and Erosion IX contains the peer-reviewed scientific contributions presented at 9th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE 2018, Taipei, Taiwan, 5–8 November 2018), and includes recent accomplishments about scour and erosion in field observation, experimental laboratory work, theoretical development, numerical modeling and disaster management.
The book covers fourteen topics:

A. Internal erosion
B. River, coastal, estuarine and marine scour and erosion
C. Rock scour and erosion
D. Sediment transport: grain scale and continuum scale
E. Scour and erosion around structures
F. Soil erosion, restoration mechanisms and conservation
G. Hillslope conservation and debris flow
H. Geotechnical issues related to scour and erosion
I. Field observation and analyses
J. Scour and erosion testing and experiment
K. Remote sensing, instrumentation and monitoring
L. Advanced numerical modelling of scour and erosion
M. Natural hazards due to scour and erosion
N. Management of scour/erosion and sediment.

Table of Contents


Sediment load and scour of intermittent rivers in central Taiwan
J.-Y. Lu & C.-C. Su

Historical perspective and challenges on sediment flushing in the Kurobe River, Japan
T. Sumi

Direct monitoring of deep-sea turbidity currents to quantify their interaction with the seafloor and impacts on critical subsea infrastructure
M.A. Clare

The Brahmaputra—scour and erosion processes and countermeasures
K. Oberhagemann

Rock structures—scour engineering in offshore wind
A. Roulund


Internal erosion

Micro scale study of internal erosion using 3D X-Ray tomography
A. Mehdizadeh & M.M. Disfani

Constriction size distribution and equivalent opening size of granular filter
F. Seblany, E. Vincens & C. Picault

Physical modelling of backward erosion piping in layered levee foundation
A. Takizawa, K. Horikoshi & A. Takahashi

Wave pressure propagating inside box culvert under sea surface and internal erosion of backfill material due to wave pressure
K. Suzuki & S. Sassa

Experimental optimization of Microbially Induced Calcite Precipitation (MICP) for contact erosion control in earth dams
A. Clarà Saracho & S.K. Haigh

Validation of geophysical methods for internal erosion detection on earth embankments
B. Steck, G. D’Urso, D. Vautrin, K. Sabor, C. Vergniault, J.-R. Courivaud, K. Sabor, A. Soueid Ahmed & A. Revil

The effect of suffusion on physical properties and mechanical behavior of granular soils
C.D. Nguyen, N. Benahmed, P. Philippe, E. Andò & L. Sibille

Hydro-mechanical model for a poro-elastic media subjected to suffusion
A. Kodieh, R. Gelet, N.S. Nguyen, D. Marot & A. Fino

An update on ICOLD Bulletin 164 on internal erosion
R. Bridle

Investigation of the coarse sand barrier against backward erosion piping
E. Rosenbrand, V.M. van Beek, J.M. van Esch, U. Förster, A.R. Koelewijn, L. Voogt, A. Bezuijen, K. Vandenboer & K. van Gerven

Failure criterion of seepage erosion
K.-T. Chang & Y.-L. Chen

Investigating the erosion resistance of cement-bentonite barrier material using hole erosion test
M.A. Walenna, A.C.D. Royal, I. Jefferson & G.S. Ghataora

Tracking and assessment of backward erosion piping progression into constricted seepage exits
J.D. Rice, I.A. Ibrahim & S. Peng


River, coastal, estuarine and marine scour and erosion

Modeling suspended sediment transport in the subtropical subalpine Yuan-Yang Lake, Taiwan
W.C. Liu & W.T. Chan

Scour and seabed changes at cable protection rock berms—field observations
A. Roulund, P.M. Jensen, K.V. Marten & R.J.S. Whitehouse

Scour at cable protection rock berms—model test observations
A. Roulund, S.M. Larsen, J. Sutherland & R.J.S. Whitehouse

Numerical modeling of alternatives to reduce channel shoaling at Lynnhaven Inlet, Virginia Beach, USA
L. Lin & Z. Demirbilek

Numerical simulation of morphological bed changes and local scour near embankment
C.-T. Liao, K.-C. Yeh, M.-W. Huang & Y. Jia

On bank erosion in estuary of sittaung river in Myanmar
T.S. Ahmed, S. Egashira, D. Harada, A. Yorozuya, Y. Kwak, B.B. Shrestha, D. Kuribayashi, H. Sawano & T. Koike

The behavior of self-launching geotextile bag aprons—latest investigations from the lower Brahmaputra in Bangladesh
A. Thompson, Y. She, K. Oberhagemann & A.M.A. Haque

Stability of single-graded scour protection around a monopile in current
T.U. Petersen, A.W. Nielsen, D.A. Hansen, A.V. Pedersen, E.D. Christensen & J. Fredsøe

CFD simulation of clearwater scour at complex foundations
N.S. Tavouktsoglou, J.M. Harris, R.J.S. Whitehouse & R.R. Simons

Boundary layer flow within the impingement zone between a propeller jet and plane bed
Y.-M. Chiew & M. Wei

Erosion experiments of pure kaolinite samples
D. Chen, B.W. Melville, C. Zhang, H. Huang & Y. Wang

Probabilistic modeling of long-term shoreline changes in response to sea level rise and waves
Y. Ding, S.-C. Kim, A.E. Frey, R.L. Permenter & R. Styles


Rock scour and erosion

Kinematic controls on 3D rock block erodibility: A block theory approach
M.F. George & N. Sitar

Spillway erosion experiences and modelling techniques
E.F.R. Bollaert & E.J. Lesleighter

Modeling of soft bedrock channel evolution with a coupled modified bank stability and bedrock erosion model
K. Wu, K.-C. Yeh & Y.G. Lai

Determination of the shape and the depth of scour hole on rocks
M.-H. Cheng, J.-J. Liao, Y.-W. Pan, G.-W. Li & M.-W. Huang

Recent changes of channel morphology in a coseismic uplift reach of the Taan River in Central Taiwan
M.-W. Huang, C.-T. Liao, Y.-W. Pan & J.-J. Liao


Sediment transport grain scale and continuum scale

Stress change in seabed induced by sea wave on wave flume experiment in 1g field
T. Matsuda, K. Miura, K. Anai, Y. Sawada & R. Takayanagi

Method to evaluate longitudinal sediment sorting processes
D. Harada, S. Egashira & A. Yorozuya

Experimental study on breaching of embankments
D.K. Verma, B. Setia & V.K. Arora

New characteristics of sedimentation of the three gorges reservoir and its prediction
S. Tong, X. Li, S. Yang, J. Hu, W. Li, Y. Xiao & X. Fu


Scour and erosion around structures

Experimental study on scour around a pile in multidirectional (spreading) random waves
A. Schendel, A. Hildebrandt & T. Schlurmann

Local scour development and global sediment redistribution around a jacket-structure in combined waves and current
M. Welzel, T. Schlurmann & A. Hildebrandt

Advancements in bridge scour assessment with 2D Hydraulic modeling using SRH-2D/SMS
S.A. Hogan

Characteristics of live-bed scour at bridge piers with simple and complex pier geometry
Y. Yang, B.W. Melville & A.Y. Shamseldin

3D numerical simulations of bridge pier scouring
Y. Jia

Scour at the Eastern Scheldt storm surge barrier: Linking laboratory experiments to field observations
Y.B. Broekema, R.J. Labeur & W.S.J. Uijttewaal

Nonwoven geotextile scour protection at offshore wind parks, application and life cycle assessment
H. Hoyme, J.H. Su, J. Kono & H. Wallbaum

Turbulence approach for predicting scour at abutments
G. Hoffmans & F. Buschman

Evaluation of empirical equations for scour downstream grade-control weirs
D. Guan, B.W. Melville & L. Wang

Development and application of real-time scour monitoring technique
S.M. Hsu, Y.-H. Chang, C.-Y. Sun & P.-F. Hung

Hydraulic study on bed material movement under bed protection works and its reducing methods
Y. Kitamura & S. Takagi

Micro-macro modelling of piping and internal erosion in river levee
K. Maeda, M. Nishimura & M. Takatsuji

Experimental study of local scour around submerged cylinders supported by a skirted mudmat in steady current
W. Yao, H. An, S. Draper & L. Cheng

Scour around a monopile on a sloped beach by a series of wave
M. Qi & P. Shi

Incorporation of scour uncertainty to current AASHTO LRFD bridge design specifications
C. Huang, K. Kerenyi & J. Shen

Long term scour monitoring around offshore jacket foundations on a sandy seabed
L. Baelus, A. Bolle & V. Szengel

Bridge scour countermeasure project in marin county—it’s got a little bit of everything
C.M.C. Avila

Depth of scour for bridge piers in tandem arrangement
R. Malik & B. Setia

Modelling of foundation response to scour and scour protection for offshore wind turbine structures
R.O. Mayall, B.W. Byrne, H.J. Burd, R.A. McAdam, P. Cassie & R.J.S. Whitehouse


Hillslope conservation and debris flow

Effects of volcanic ash deposition on surface erosion and runoff in Sakurajima, Japan
H. Kisa & N. Fujimura


Geotechnical issues related to scour and erosion

Wave-induced liquefaction and the stability of offshore monopile
J. Miyamoto, K. Tsurugasaki & S. Sassa

Effects of relative density of sand on seepage failure phenomena in front of sheet piles in two dimensions
T. Tanaka, N. Maeta, K. Kasamatsu, N. Ueno, R. Fujii, K. Inoue & S. Nagai

Seepage failure of semi-infinite 2D soil within a cofferdam—theoretical critical hydraulic head differences under various conditions
T. Tanaka, N. Maeta & T. Miki


Field observation and analyses

Comparison of general scour and bend scour prediction methods for intermittent rivers in Taiwan
J.H. Hong, W.D. Guo & C.C. Su

Scour monitoring on bridge pier—methodology and implementations
E. Florens, C. Chevalier, F. Larrarte, F. Schmidt & E. Durand

Field measurement and simulation of short-term general scour in gravel-bed river
R.-K. Jhong, T.C. Hsieh, K.-C. Yeh, W.J. Lin & J.S. Chen

Internal erosion in a foundation soil under a sand levee and its manifestation on the levee surface
M. Okamura, M. Imamura & N. Jinnouchi

Field applications of float-out device for highway bridge pier scour monitoring
C.-C. Chung, S.-H. Yang, H.-C. Yang, C.-C. Su, C.-P. Lin & K.-C. Yeh


Scour and erosion testing and experiment

A modified hole-erosion-test on high plastic clay with different soil structure
M. Hark

Experimental investigation of the critical tractive force of glass beads under upward seepage flow
K. Fujisawa, A. Murakami & K. Sugino

Durability of lime treated soil in coastal environment: Methodology for a laboratory study and first results
M. De Baecque, C. Chevalier, M. Le Feuvre, S. Palma-Lopes & P. Reiffsteck

Erosion tests on the Teton Dam soils
M. Chedid, I. Shafii & J.L. Briaud

Laboratory tests on the effects of wave action on cohesionless soil and their influence on incipient sediment motion
J. Ewers

Measurement of hydrodynamic forces on gravel particles in the erosion function apparatus
I. Shafii, Z. Zhang & J.L. Briaud

Erosion rate equations for coarse- grained materials using a small flume testing
G.S. Ellithy, J.L. Wibowo & M.K. Corcoran

Measuring erosion characteristics of gravel soils
J.F. López-Soto & B.A. Robbins

A study on the influence of river flow characteristic on the levee breach speed using hydraulic experiment
S. Kim & K.S. Yoon

Flow pattern evolution in the downstream scour hole of a submerged weir
L. Wang, B.W. Melville & C. Whittaker

On porous media flow with non-steady boundary conditions
M. Aminpour, M. Greene, S.A. Galindo-Torres, A. Scheuermann & L. Li

Flume tests for bed erosion control by combination of a main and a counter sabo dam
T. Itoh, K. Kaitsuka, H. Watabe, T. Nagayama, T. Miike, H. Muramatsu, A. Kawai & T. Mizuyama

An in situ scour testing device for determining soil erosion resistance
H. Shan, O. Wiblishauser, K. Kerenyi, J. Shen, T. Meyer, D. Pastrich, J. Pagenkopf & N. Tsou

Experimental study on erodibility of cement/steelmaking-slag treated soils by means of small jet erodometer
Y. Watabe & S. Sassa

Scaling impacts on scour in distorted models
L. Zhang, Y. Wang, H. Huang & X. Nie

Experimental study on sediment movement of continuous curved channel in uppper reaches of the Yellow River
X.-h. He, P.-y. Wang & X.-l. Li


Remote sensing, instrumentation and monitoring

Feasibility evaluation for unmanned-aerial-vehicle seeding on post landslide sites in Taiwan
K.-C. Hsu, G.-Z.M. Song, S.-H. Lin & C.-H. Chang

Exploring the relationships between normalized difference vegetation index and leaf area index in central Taiwan
C.-C. Chang, G.-Z.M. Song & Y.-C. Chao

Development of TDR-based scour sensing cable
K. Wang, C.-P. Lin & W.H. Jheng

Detecting sediment concentration using contact image sensor
W. Yao, H. An, S. Draper, L. Cheng, M. Zhao & G. Tang


Advanced numerical modelling of scour and erosion

Bridge scour simulation with a new 3D Flow and sediment transport model
Y.G. Lai & K. Wu

Study of constitutive models for sandy soils considering influence of internal erosion
G. Wang & T. Akihiro

Local scour modeling around hydraulic structures with complex geometries
X. Liu & Y. Xu

Monitoring and simulation of bridge pier scour depth
F.-Z. Lee, J.-S. Lai, Y.-B. Lin, X. Liu, K.-C. Chang, C.-F. Lin & C.-C. Chang

Coupled particle-fluid numerical simulation model for internal erosion of granular soils with a broad particle size distribution
Y. Fukumoto & S. Ohtsuka

Impact of stress path on fine particles role in internally unstable soils
M. Ahmadi, A. Mehdizadeh, V. Khalili & M.M. Disfani

Development and validation of a numerical model of scour protection around monopiles under currents
C.E. Arboleda, M. Wu, P. Troch & V. Stratigaki

Numerical modelling of scour near the south abutment of the Padma River Bridge in Bangladesh
E. Wang, J. Vasquez, D. McLean, Md.S. Islam & Md. Kamruzzaman

Modeling and experimental assessments of fluvial scouring in Fengshan creek basin, Taiwan
Y.-Y. Liao, J.-Y. Huang, H. Su & D.-S. Shih

3D simulation on scour hole development of energy dissipation of ski-jump type at Kongliang Dam
F. Feng, X. Fu, S. Yang, J. Hu, S. Tong, W. Li & Y. Xiao


Natural hazards due to scour and erosion

Measured depth of cover in a watercourse crossing as a measure of degradation and/or scour
G. Ferris & S. Newton

Method to predict sediment runoff resulting from landslides and debris flows
Y. Yamazaki, S. Egashira & N. Nagumo

Practical hydrotechnical engineering guidance for the planning and hazard assessment and design of linear pipeline facilities at river and stream crossings and followings
A.Q. Kammereck

A case study for evaluation of landslide volume and two-dimensional slope stability numerical simulation subject to rainfall infiltration
J.W. Chen, F.C. Huang, H.P. Wu, W.Z. Liu & C.Y. Chen


Management of scour/erosion and sediment

Development an operational system for the forecasting of bridge pier scour depth
F.-Z. Lee, J.-S. Lai, Y.-B. Lin, X. Liu, K.-C. Chang, S.-D. Wang & C.-C. Chang

AROSA: A new French guideline for scour at bridges risk-based analysis
E. Durand, D. Davi & J.L. Delgado

Evaluation method using score table for identifying bridge piers vulnerable to scouring in Japan
T. Takayanagi, N. Naito, R. Manome & O. Nunokawa

Two Mississippi River diversion structures two different floodway scour rehabilitation designs
T.J. Shih, A. Henville & J. Vossen

Research program SSHEAR: Recent advances on the understanding and the control of scour phenomena
C. Chevalier, F. Larrarte, F. Schmidt, E. Durand, P. Sergent, P. Gondret, S. de la Roque, M. Cheetham & M. Hosseingholian

Establishment of the bridge closure by the pier erosion simulation
S.-H. Yang, R.-K. Jhong, S.-T. Wei & K.-C. Yeh

Strategies for grass establishment to control erosion on Roma flood levee batters
Y. Gyasi-Agyei, R. Koech & G. Bebington

The environment effect of bank erosion in Three Gorges Reservoir water-level-fluctuating zone
X. Fu, X. Zhou, S. Yang, J. Hu, W. Li, Y. Xiao & S. Tong

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Yeh Keh-Chia is Professor at the Department of Civil Engineering at the National Chiao Tung University, Disaster Prevention and Water Environment Research Center, Hsinchu, Taiwan.