1st Edition

Securitization Outside the West West African Security Reconceptualised

By Christian Kaunert, Edwin Ezeokafor Copyright 2022
    232 Pages
    by Routledge

    232 Pages
    by Routledge

    This book analyses securitization processes outside of the West, with a focus on Africa.

    The aim of the volume is to develop an original analytical framework to explain the securitization-neo-patrimonialism dynamics in West Africa, drawing upon insights from securitization theory, sociology and psychology. Among critical voices, securitization has become the gold standard for analysing emerging challenges, such as migration, terrorism, and human security. Yet, despite its broadening agenda, the framework has also been accused of bias, with a Western political context and democratic governance structure at its heart. This book aims to re-conceptualise the framework in a way that suits non-Western contexts better, notably by re-conceptualising the securitization-neopatrimonialism nexus in Africa, which gives us significant new insights into non-Western political contexts. It analyses the securitization processes among the political elites under neo-patrimonial statehood, and further stretches the conceptualisation of securitization into African statehood, which is characterised by a blurred line between the leader and the state. The volume explores the processes of securitizing threats in Liberia, Sierra Leone and wider West Africa, as well as the neo-patrimonial regimes of these states. In doing so, it explores the influence these states’ neo-patrimonial regimes have on the processes of threat securitization.

    This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, African politics and International Relations.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.


    1: An Archeology of Knowledge on Securitization in Africa: From Eurocentrism to Racism

    2: Ontological Security and West Africa

    3: A New Securitization Framework Outside of the West: The Securitization-Neo-Patrimonialism Nexus

    4: Liberia: Neo-Patrimonial Statehood and Securitization Processes

    5: Sierra Leone: Neo-Patrimonial Political Culture and Securitization Processes

    6: Health Security in West Africa: From HIV/AIDS, EDV/Ebola to COVID-19



    Christian Kaunert is Professor of International Security at Dublin City University, Ireland. He is also Professor of Policing and Security, as well as Director of the International Centre for Policing and Security at the University of South Wales.

    Edwin Ezeokafor is Lecturer and Research Fellow at the International Centre for Policing and Security, University of South Wales, and received a PhD in International Security at the University of Dundee.