Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction, 5th Edition (Paperback) book cover

Solid State Chemistry

An Introduction, 5th Edition

By Elaine A. Moore, Lesley E. Smart

CRC Press

464 pages | 350 B/W Illus.

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Description

Building a foundation with a thorough description of crystalline structures, this fifth edition of Solid State Chemistry: An Introduction presents a wide range of the synthetic and physical techniques used to prepare and characterize solids. Going beyond this, this largely nonmathematical introduction to solid state chemistry includes the bonding and electronic, magnetic, electrical and optical properties of solids. Solids of particular interest – porous solids, superconductors and nanostructures are included. Practical examples of applications and modern developments are given. It offers students the opportunity to apply their knowledge in real-life situations and serve them well throughout their degree course.

New in the Fifth Edition

  • A new chapter on sustainability in solid state chemistry written by an expert in this field
  • Cryo-electron microscopy
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ESCA)
  • Covalent organic frameworks
  • Graphene oxide and bilayer graphene

Reviews

"The latest edition of Solid State Chemistry combines clear explanations with a broad range of topics to provide students with a firm grounding in the major theoretical and practical aspects of the chemistry of solids."

-Professor Robert Palgrave, University College London, UK

"A comprehensive guide to solid state chemistry which is ideal for all undergraduate levels. It cover the fundamentals of the area from basic structures, to methods of analysis well but also introduces modern topics such as sustainability."

-Dr Jennifer Readman, University of Central Lancashire, UK

Table of Contents

Preface to the Fifth Edition

Preface to the Fourth Edition

Authors

Contributors

List of Units, Prefixes, and Constants

Chapter 1 An Introduction to Crystal Structures

1.1 Introduction

1.2 Lattices and Unit Cells

1.3 Symmetry

1.4 Symmetry in Crystals

1.5. Three Dimensional Lattices and their Unit Cells

1.6. Close Packing

1.7. Crystal Planes: Miller Indices

1.8. Crystalline Solids

1.9. Lattice Energy

1.10 Summary Questions

Chapter 2 Physical Methods for Characterising Solids

2.1 Introduction

2.2 X-ray Diffraction

2.3. Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction

2.4. Powder Diffraction

2.5. Neutron Diffraction

2.6 X-ray Microscopy/X-ray Computed Tomography

2.7. Electron Microscopy 2.8 Scanning Probe Microscopy

2.9 Atomic Force Microscopy

2.10 X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

2.11 Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

2.12 Thermal Analysis

2.13 Temperature Programmed Reduction, TPR

2.14 Other Techniques Summary Questions

Chapter 3 Synthesis of Solids

3.1 Introduction

3.2. High-Temperature Ceramic Methods

3.3. Mechanochemical Synthesis

3.4. Microwave Synthesis

3.5. Combustion Synthesis

3.6 High Pressure Methods

3.7. Chemical Vapour Deposition

3.8. Preparing Single Crystals

3.9. Intercalation

3.10 Green Chemistry

3.11 Choosing a Method Questions

Chapter 4 Solids: bonding and electronic properties

4.1 Introduction

4.2. Bonding in Solids: Free Electron Theory

4.3. Bonding in Solids: Molecular Orbital Theory

4.4. Semiconductors: Si and Ge

4.5. Bands in Compounds: Gallium Arsenide

4.6. Bands in d-block compounds: Transition Metal Monoxides

4.7. Summary Questions

Chapter 5 Defects and non-stoichiometry

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Point Defects and their concentration

5.3. Non-stoichiometric Compounds

5.4. Extended Defects

5.5. Electronic Properties of Non-Stoichiometric Oxides Summary Questions

Chapter 6 Solid State Materials for Batteries

6.1 Introduction

6.2. Ionic Conductivity in Solids

6.3. Solid Electrolytes

6.4. Lithium-based Batteries

6.5. Sodium-based Batteries Summary Questions

Chapter 7 Microporous and Mesoporous Solids

7.1 Introduction

7.2. Zeolites

7.3. Metal Organic Frameworks

7.4. Covalent Organic Frameworks

7.5. Other Porous Solids Summary Questions

Chapter 8 Optical Properties of solids

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Interaction of Light with Atoms

8.3 Colour Centres

8.4. Absorption and Emission of Radiation in Continuous Solids

8.5. Carbon-based Conducting Polymers

8.6. Refraction

8.7. Photonic Crystals

8.8. Metamaterials Summary Questions

Chapter 9 Magnetic and Electrical Properties

9.1 Introduction

9.2. Magnetic Susceptibility

9.3. Paramagnetism in Metal Complexes

9.4. Ferromagnetic Metals

9.5. Ferromagnetic Compounds

9.6. Antiferromagnetsism: Transition Metal Monoxides

9.7. Ferrimagnetism: Ferrites

9.8. Spiral Magnetism

9.9 Giant, Tunnelling and Colossal Magnetoresistance

9.10. Electrical Polarisation

9.11. Piezoelectric Crystals

9.12. Ferroelectric Effect

9.13 Multiferroics Summary Questions

Chapter 10 Superconductivity

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Properties of Superconductors

10.3. High Temperature Superconductors

10.4. Uses of Superconductors Summary Questions

Chapter 11 Nanostructures

11.1 Introduction

11.2. Consequences of the Nanoscale

11.3. Nanostructural Carbon

11.4. Non-carbon Nanoparticles

11.5. Other Non-carbon Nanostructures

11.6. Synthesis of Nanoparticles

11.7. Safety Summary Questions

Chapter 12 Sustainability

11.1 Introduction

11.2. Tools for Sustainable Approaches

11.3. Case Study: Sustainability of a Smart Phone

11.4. Conclusion Questions Further Reading Answers to Questions

Index

About the Authors

Elaine A. Moore studied chemistry as an undergraduate at Oxford University and then stayed on to complete a DPhil in theoretical chemistry with Peter Atkins. After a two- year postdoctoral position at the University of Southampton, she joined the Open University in 1975, becoming a lecturer in chemistry in 1977, senior lecturer in 1998 and reader in 2004.She retired in 2017 and currently has an honorary position at the Open University. She has produced OU teaching texts in chemistry for courses at levels 1, 2 and 3 and written texts in astronomy at level 2 and physics at level 3. She is coauthor of Metals and Life and of Concepts in Transition Metal Chemistry, which were part of a level 3 Open University course in inorganic chemistry and co-published with the Royal Society of Chemistry. She was team leader for the production and presentation of an Open University level 2 chemistry module delivered entirely online. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry and a Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. She was co-chair for the successful Departmental submission of an Athena Swan bronze award.

Her research interests are in theoretical chemistry applied mainly to solid-state systems and is author or coauthor of over 50 papers in refereed scientific journals. A long-standing collaboration in this area led to her being invited to help run a series of postgraduate workshops on computational Materials Science hosted by the University of Khartoum.

Lesley E. Smart studied chemistry at Southampton University, United Kingdom, and after completing a PhD in Raman spectroscopy, she moved to a lectureship at the (then) Royal University of Malta. After returning to the United Kingdom, she took an SRC Fellowship to Bristol University to work on X-ray crystallography. From 1977 to 2009, she worked at the Open University chemistry department as a lecturer, senior lecturer and Molecular Science Programme director, and held an honorary senior lectureship there until her death in 2016.

At the Open University, she was involved in the production of undergraduate courses in inorganic and physical chemistry and health sciences. She was the coordinating editor and an author of The Molecular World course, a series of eight books and DVDs co-published with the Royal Society of Chemistry, authoring two of these (2002), The Third Dimension and Separation, Purification and Identification. Her most recent books are (2007) Alcohol and Human Health and (2010) Concepts in Transition Metal Chemistry. She has an entry in Mothers in Science: 64 Ways to Have It All (downloadable from the Royal Society website). She served on the Council of the Royal Society of Chemistry and as the chair of their Benevolent Fund.

Her research interests were in the characterisation of the solid state, and she authored publications on single-crystal Raman studies, X-ray crystallography, Zintl phases, pigments and heterogeneous catalysis and fuel cells.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI013030
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Inorganic
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science