Solid-State NMR in Materials Science : Principles and Applications book cover
1st Edition

Solid-State NMR in Materials Science
Principles and Applications

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ISBN 9781439869635
Published December 19, 2011 by CRC Press
280 Pages 164 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Solid-state NMR is a powerful physical method widely applied in modern fundamental and applied science, medicine, and industry. Its role is particularly valuable in materials chemistry due to the capability of solid-state NMR to rapidly solve tasks connected with structural descriptions of complex systems on macro and/or molecular levels, and the identification of the dynamics often responsible for complex systems mechanical properties.

Written for non-specialists, Solid-State NMR in Materials Science: Principles and Applications introduces the general physical principles of pulsed NMR, by including elements of the theory and practice in the registration of NMR signals, and by explaining different NMR equipment.

After the preliminaries, the book covers:

  • The theory and features of solid-state NMR and nuclear relaxation in solids, including dynamics of materials
  • Different materials, diamagnetic and paramagnetic, from metals and metal clusters to amorphous composites
  • The methodology of collection and interpretations of solid-state NMR data, including strategies and criteria for structural characterizations of different materials
  • Practical examples of multinuclear NMR and relaxation experiments as well as interpretations of data obtained
  • Numerous solid-state NMR experiments performed for various materials to evaluate their structure and dynamics

Written in clear and simple language, this book includes clear illustrations, numerous examples, and detailed bibliographies. It an excellent reference not only for young and experienced researchers, but also for students interested in a future in materials science.

Table of Contents

General Principles of Pulsed NMR and NMR Techniques
Early History of NMR in the Solid State
Nuclei in the External Magnetic Field
Effects of Radio Frequency Pulses
From Macroscopic Magnetization to Nuclear Relaxation and Shapes of NMR Signals
Parameters Characterizing Nuclei in the External Magnetic Field
Introducing NMR Equipment and NMR Experiments
Main Principles of Two-Dimensional NMR
Enhancement of Sensitivity in NMR

On Amorphous Materials as Potential Objects in Solid-State NMR Studies: Common and Key Problems
Hybrid Materials
Polymer Solids
Systems Based on Nanostructures
Wood and Wood Components
Design of Porous and Layered Molecular Systems

Features of Solid-State NMR: Diamagnetic Materials
From Isotropic Chemical Shifts to Magnetic Shielding Tensors
Nuclei with a Spin of 1/2
Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solids
Detection of NMR Signals in Solids: Common Aspects
High-Power Decoupling
Multi-Quantum NMR Experiments
Dipolar Recoupling NMR Techniques
Sideband Manipulations
Zero-Field Solid-State NMR Experiments
Solid-State NMR Imaging

Practice of Multinuclear NMR in Diamagnetic Solids: General Information and Examples of Applications
Structural Information by Increasing the Spectral Resolution in Multinuclear Solid-State NMR
Probing Proximities of Nuclei and Measurements of Internuclear Distances in Diamagnetic Solids
31P Solid-State NMR
Solid-State NMR of Halogen Nuclei and Oxygen
Solid-State NMR of Oxide Materials: Nuclei 51V, 93Nb, and 181Ta
Solid-State 13C NMR: Wood and Wood Products
2H NMR in Solids at Deuterium Natural Abundance
Between Solution- and Solid-State NMR: Nanoparticles and Suspensions

Dynamics in Diamagnetic Materials from Solid-State NMR: Methods, Measurements, and Analysis
Variable-Temperature Solid-State NMR Experiments and a Line-Shape Analysis
Molecular Mobility from the Solid-State NMR Relaxation
One- and Two-Dimensional Exchange Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
Molecular Mobility from the Cross-Polarization NMR Experiments
Molecular Mobility from Magnetic Relaxation Dispersion Experiments

Strategies in Solid-State Multinuclear NMR: Studies of Diamagnetic Porous Materials
Porosity of Materials from NMR
Structural Features of Silica Lattice and Surface by Solid-State 1H 29Si, 27Al, and 17O NMR Spectra
Molecular Mobility in Diamagnetic Porous Materials

Paramagnetic Effects in Solid-State NMR
Theoretical Aspects
Nuclear Relaxation in the Presence of Unpaired Electrons
Practical Consequences from the Theory of Paramagnetic Effects
1H, 31P, 13C, 2H, 29Si, 7Li, and 6Li NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Solids
51V and 55Mn NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Solids
Special NMR Techniques for Observations of "Invisible" Target Nuclei
Relaxation Measurements and Relaxation Times in Paramagnetic Solids

Strategy in NMR Studies of Amorphous Porous Paramagnetic Materials
Intense Sideband Patterns in MAS NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Amorphous Materials and Their Analysis
Direct Detection of the Nuclei Closest to Paramagnetic Ions in Porous Materials by the Hahn-Echo Mapping NMR Experiments
NMR Relaxation Approaches to Structure of Porous Amorphous Paramagnetic Silica-Based Materials: From Experiments to Models and Interpretations
Protocol for Quantification of "Invisible Nuclei" in MAS NMR
Concluding Remarks

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Vladimir I. Bakhmutov is currently an NMR expert at Texas A&M University and a Blinn College Faculty member.