1st Edition

Solid-State NMR in Materials Science Principles and Applications

By Vladimir I. Bakhmutov Copyright 2012
    280 Pages 164 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Solid-state NMR is a powerful physical method widely applied in modern fundamental and applied science, medicine, and industry. Its role is particularly valuable in materials chemistry due to the capability of solid-state NMR to rapidly solve tasks connected with structural descriptions of complex systems on macro and/or molecular levels, and the identification of the dynamics often responsible for complex systems mechanical properties.

    Written for non-specialists, Solid-State NMR in Materials Science: Principles and Applications introduces the general physical principles of pulsed NMR, by including elements of the theory and practice in the registration of NMR signals, and by explaining different NMR equipment.

    After the preliminaries, the book covers:

    • The theory and features of solid-state NMR and nuclear relaxation in solids, including dynamics of materials
    • Different materials, diamagnetic and paramagnetic, from metals and metal clusters to amorphous composites
    • The methodology of collection and interpretations of solid-state NMR data, including strategies and criteria for structural characterizations of different materials
    • Practical examples of multinuclear NMR and relaxation experiments as well as interpretations of data obtained
    • Numerous solid-state NMR experiments performed for various materials to evaluate their structure and dynamics

    Written in clear and simple language, this book includes clear illustrations, numerous examples, and detailed bibliographies. It an excellent reference not only for young and experienced researchers, but also for students interested in a future in materials science.

    General Principles of Pulsed NMR and NMR Techniques
    Early History of NMR in the Solid State
    Nuclei in the External Magnetic Field
    Effects of Radio Frequency Pulses
    From Macroscopic Magnetization to Nuclear Relaxation and Shapes of NMR Signals
    Parameters Characterizing Nuclei in the External Magnetic Field
    Introducing NMR Equipment and NMR Experiments
    Main Principles of Two-Dimensional NMR
    Enhancement of Sensitivity in NMR

    On Amorphous Materials as Potential Objects in Solid-State NMR Studies: Common and Key Problems
    Hybrid Materials
    Polymer Solids
    Systems Based on Nanostructures
    Wood and Wood Components
    Design of Porous and Layered Molecular Systems

    Features of Solid-State NMR: Diamagnetic Materials
    From Isotropic Chemical Shifts to Magnetic Shielding Tensors
    Nuclei with a Spin of 1/2
    Quadrupolar Nuclei in Solids
    Detection of NMR Signals in Solids: Common Aspects
    High-Power Decoupling
    Multi-Quantum NMR Experiments
    Dipolar Recoupling NMR Techniques
    Sideband Manipulations
    Zero-Field Solid-State NMR Experiments
    Solid-State NMR Imaging

    Practice of Multinuclear NMR in Diamagnetic Solids: General Information and Examples of Applications
    Structural Information by Increasing the Spectral Resolution in Multinuclear Solid-State NMR
    Probing Proximities of Nuclei and Measurements of Internuclear Distances in Diamagnetic Solids
    31P Solid-State NMR
    Solid-State NMR of Halogen Nuclei and Oxygen
    Solid-State NMR of Oxide Materials: Nuclei 51V, 93Nb, and 181Ta
    Solid-State 13C NMR: Wood and Wood Products
    2H NMR in Solids at Deuterium Natural Abundance
    Between Solution- and Solid-State NMR: Nanoparticles and Suspensions

    Dynamics in Diamagnetic Materials from Solid-State NMR: Methods, Measurements, and Analysis
    Variable-Temperature Solid-State NMR Experiments and a Line-Shape Analysis
    Molecular Mobility from the Solid-State NMR Relaxation
    One- and Two-Dimensional Exchange Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy
    Molecular Mobility from the Cross-Polarization NMR Experiments
    Molecular Mobility from Magnetic Relaxation Dispersion Experiments

    Strategies in Solid-State Multinuclear NMR: Studies of Diamagnetic Porous Materials
    Porosity of Materials from NMR
    Structural Features of Silica Lattice and Surface by Solid-State 1H 29Si, 27Al, and 17O NMR Spectra
    Molecular Mobility in Diamagnetic Porous Materials

    Paramagnetic Effects in Solid-State NMR
    Theoretical Aspects
    Nuclear Relaxation in the Presence of Unpaired Electrons
    Practical Consequences from the Theory of Paramagnetic Effects
    1H, 31P, 13C, 2H, 29Si, 7Li, and 6Li NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Solids
    51V and 55Mn NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Solids
    Special NMR Techniques for Observations of "Invisible" Target Nuclei
    Relaxation Measurements and Relaxation Times in Paramagnetic Solids

    Strategy in NMR Studies of Amorphous Porous Paramagnetic Materials
    Intense Sideband Patterns in MAS NMR Spectra of Paramagnetic Amorphous Materials and Their Analysis
    Direct Detection of the Nuclei Closest to Paramagnetic Ions in Porous Materials by the Hahn-Echo Mapping NMR Experiments
    NMR Relaxation Approaches to Structure of Porous Amorphous Paramagnetic Silica-Based Materials: From Experiments to Models and Interpretations
    Protocol for Quantification of "Invisible Nuclei" in MAS NMR
    Concluding Remarks


    Vladimir I. Bakhmutov is currently an NMR expert at Texas A&M University and a Blinn College Faculty member.