This edited volume provides a critical overview of the new stabilization agenda in international relations.
The primary focus of so-called stability operations since 9/11 has been Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq. Covering the wider picture, this volume provides a comprehensive assessment of the new agenda, including the expansion of efforts in Latin America, the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa and South and Southeast Asia. By harnessing the findings of studies undertaken in Brazil, Colombia, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sudan and Sri Lanka, the volume demonstrates the impacts – intended and otherwise – of stabilization in practice.
The book clarifies the debate on stabilization, focusing primarily on the policy, practice and outcomes of such operations. Rather than relying exclusively on existing military doctrine or academic writings, the volume focuses on stabilization as it is actually occurring. Drawing on the reflections of scholars and practitioners, the volume identifies the origins and historical antecedents of contemporary operations, and also examines how the practice is linked to other policy spheres – ranging from peacebuilding to statebuilding. Finally, the volume reviews eight practical cases of stabilization in disparate regions around the globe.
This book will be of much interest to students of war and conflict studies, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, statebuilding, development studies and international relations in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction, Robert Muggah 1. The Evolution of Stabilization Concepts and Praxis, Steven A. Zyck, Sultan Barakat and Seán Deely 2. Humanitarian and Development Aid in the Context of Stabilization: Blurring the Lines and Broadening the Gap, Gilles Carbonnier 3. Reflections on United Nations-led Stabilization: Early Peacekeeping, Late Peacebuilding or Something Else?, Robert Muggah 4. Promoting Interim Stabilization in Fragile Settings: From Theory to Practice, Nat Colletta 5. Afghanistan’s Stabilization Programme: Hope in a Dystopian Sea?, Stuart Gordon 6. Securing Peace and Promoting Stability in Western Pakistan, Abubaker Siddique 7. Stabilization in Practice - The Somali Case, Ken Menkhaus 8. Setting the conditions for victory? US military hearts and minds operations north eastern Kenya, Mark Bradbury and Michael Kleinman 9. Stabilization next door: Mexico’s U.S-backed security intervention, Sebastián Albuja 10. Collateral Damage: Urban Centers and IDPs in Post-Demobilization Colombia, Kimberly Howe 11. Paving the hills and leveling the streets: counter-insurgency in Rio de Janeiro, Robert Muggah and Albert Walter Souza Mulli 12. Stabilising a victor’s peace? Humanitarian action and reconstruction in eastern Sri Lanka, Jonathan Goodhand Conclusion, Robert Muggah
Robert Muggah is the Research Director of the Igarapé Institute, a Principal of the SecDev Group, and a Professor at the Instituto de Relações Internacionais, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He also advises the United Nations and a number of bilateral and multilateral agencies on issues of security and development.