Techniques for Representing, Conveying, and Acquiring Structural Knowledge
This book introduces the concept of a hypothetical type of knowledge construction -- referred to as structural knowledge -- that goes beyond traditional forms of information recall to provide the bases for knowledge application. Assuming that the validity of the concept is accepted, the volume functions as a handbook for supporting the assessment and use of structural knowledge in learning and instructional settings. It's descriptions are direct and short, and its structure is consistent. Almost all of the chapters describe a technique for representing and assessing structural knowledge acquisition, conveying knowledge structures through direct instruction, or providing learners with strategies that they may use to acquire structural knowledge. These chapters include the following sections in the same sequence:
* description of the technique and its theoretical or conceptual rationale
* examples and applications
* procedures for development and use
* effectiveness -- learner interactions and differences, and advantages and disadvantages
* references to the literature.
The chapters are structured to facilitate access to information as well as to illuminate comparisons and contrasts among the techniques.
Table of Contents
Contents: Part I:Introduction to Structural Knowledge. Structural Knowledge: Description, Rationale, and Assumptions. Part II:Representing/Assessing Structural Knowledge. Eliciting Knowledge Through: Word Association Proximities. Similarity Ratings. Card Sorts. Representing Structural Knowledge Through: Tree Construction Task. Dimensional Representations(Cognitive Maps). Link Weighted Network Representations: Pathfinder Nets. Tree Representations: Ordered Tree Technique. Verbal Tests. Part III:Conveying Structural Knowledge. Implicit Methods for Conveying Structural Knowledge Through: Content Structures. Elaboration Theory. Frames & Slots. Explicit Methods for Conveying Structural Knowledge Through: Semantic Maps. Causal Interaction Maps. Concept Maps. Graphic Organizers/Structured Overviews. Cross Classification Tables. Semantic Features Analysis. Advance Organizers. Part IV:Structural Knowledge Learning Strategies: Pattern Notes. Spider Maps. Frame Games. Networks. Node Acquisition and Integration Technique.
"...represents a useful addition to the literature in this area, and goes some way to meeting one of its primary objectives, that is an introduction to the area of structural knowledge."