Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques

2nd Edition

By Harry G. Harris, Gajanan Sabnis

CRC Press

808 pages

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Hardback: 9780849324697
pub: 1999-03-30
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Description

Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques presents a current treatment of structural modeling for applications in design, research, education, and product development. Providing numerous case studies throughout, the book emphasizes modeling the behavior of reinforced and prestressed concrete and masonry structures.

Structural Modeling and Experimental Techniques:

  • Concentrates on the modeling of the true inelastic behavior of structures

  • Provides case histories detailing applications of the modeling techniques to real structures

  • Discusses the historical background of model analysis and similitude principles governing the design, testing, and interpretation of models

  • Evaluates the limitations and benefits of elastic models

  • Analyzes materials for reinforced concrete masonry and steel models

  • Assesses the critical nature of scale effects of model testing

  • Describes selected laboratory techniques and loading methods

  • Contains material on errors as well as the accuracy and reliability of physical modeling

  • Examines dynamic similitude and modeling techniques for studying dynamic loading of structures

  • Covers actual applications of structural modeling

    This book serves students in model analysis and experimental methods, professionals manufacturing and testing structural models, as well as professionals testing large or full-scale structures - since the instrumentation techniques and overall approaches for testing large structures are very similar to those used in small-scale modeling work.

  • Reviews

    "…a major contribution to an engineering education…useful and clearly presented…outstanding resource for any educator…well illustrated…

    -Paul J. Tikalsky,Associate Professor of Civil Engineering, Pennsylvania State University

    Table of Contents

    Introduction to Physical Modeling in Structural Engineering

    Introduction

    Structural Models - Definitions and Classifications

    A Brief Historical Perspective on Modeling

    Structural Models and Codes of Practice

    Physical Modeling and the New Engineering Curriculum

    Choice of Geometric Scale

    The Modeling Process

    Advantages and Limitations of Model Analysis

    Accuracy of Structural Models

    Model Laboratories

    Modeling Case Studies

    The Theory of Structural Models

    Introduction

    Dimensions and Dimensional Homogeneity

    Dimensional Analysis

    Structural Models

    Similitude Requirements

    Elastic Models - Materials and Techniques

    Introduction

    Materials for Elastic Models

    Plastics

    Time Effects in Plastics - Evaluation and Compensation

    Effects of Loading Rate, Temperature, and the Environment

    Special Problems Related to Plastic Models

    Other Common Elastic Model Materials

    Balsa Wood, Structural Wood, and Paper

    Elastic Models - Design and Research Applications

    Determination of Influence Lines and Influence Surfaces Using Indirect Models - Muller-Breslau Principle

    Inelastic Models: Materials for Concrete and Masonry Structures

    Prototype and Model Concretes

    Engineering Properties of Concrete

    Unconfined Compressive Strength and Stress-Strain Relationship

    Tensile Strength of Concrete

    Flexural Behavior of Prototype and Model Concrete

    Behavior in Indirect Tension and Shear

    Design Mixes for Model Concrete

    Summary of Model Concrete Mixes Used by Various Investigators

    Gypsum Mortars

    Modeling of Concrete Masonry Structures

    Strength of Model Block Masonry Assemblages

    Inelastic Models: Structural Steel and Reinforcing Bars

    Introduction

    Steel

    Structural Steel Models

    Reinforcement for Small-Scale Concrete Models

    Model Prestressing Reinforcement

    FRP Reinforcement for Concrete Models

    Bond Characteristics of Model Steel

    Bond Similitude

    Cracking Similitude and General Deformation Similitude in Reinforced Concrete Elements

    Model Fabrication Techniques

    Introduction

    Basic Cutting, Shaping and Machining Operations

    Basic Fastening and Gluing Techniques

    Construction of Structural Steel Models

    Construction of Plastic Models

    Construction of Wood and Paper Models

    Fabrication of Concrete Models

    Fabrication of Concrete Masonry Materials

    Instrumentation Principles and Applications

    General

    Quantities to Be Measured

    Strain Measurements

    Displacement Measurements

    Full-Field Strain Measurements and Crack Detection Methods

    Stress and Force Measurement

    Temperature Measurements

    Creep and Shrinkage Characteristics and Moisture Measurements

    Data Acquisition and Reduction

    Fiber Optics and Smart Structures

    Loading Systems and Laboratory Techniques

    Introduction

    Types of Loads and Loading Systems

    Discrete vs. Distributed Loads

    Loading for Shell and Other Models

    Loading Techniques for Buckling Studies and for Structures Subject to Sway

    Miscellaneous Loading Devices

    Size Effects, Accuracy and Reliability in Materials System and Models

    General

    What Is a Size Effect?

    Factors Influencing Size Effects

    Theoretical Studies in Size Effects

    Experimental Work in Plain Concrete

    Size Effects in Reinforced and Prestressed Concrete

    Size Effects in Metal and Other Materials

    Size Effects in Masonry Mortars

    Size Effects and Design Codes

    Errors in Model Studies

    Types of Errors

    Statistics of Measurements

    Propagation of Random Errors

    Accuracies in (Concrete) Models

    Overall Reliability of Model Results

    Influence of Cost and Time on Accuracy of Models

    Model Applications and Case Studies

    Introduction

    Modeling Applications

    Case Studies

    Structural Models for Wind, Blast, Impact and Earthquake Loads

    Introduction

    Similitude Requirements

    Materials for Dynamic Models

    Loading Systems for Dynamic Model Testing

    Examples of Dynamic Models

    Case Studies

    Educational Models for Civil and Architectural Engineering

    Introduction

    Historical Perspective

    Linearly Elastic Structural Behavior

    Nonlinear and Inelastic Structural Behavior

    Structural Dynamics Concepts

    Experimentation and the New Engineering Curriculum

    Case Studies and Student Projects

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    TEC009020
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General