Structures and Architecture - Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders : Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Structures and Architecture (ICSA 2019), July 24-26, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal book cover
1st Edition

Structures and Architecture - Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Structures and Architecture (ICSA 2019), July 24-26, 2019, Lisbon, Portugal

Edited By

Paulo J.S. Cruz

ISBN 9781138035997
Published July 17, 2019 by CRC Press
366 Pages

USD $260.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

Structures and Architecture – Bridging the Gap and Crossing Borders contains the lectures and papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Structures and Architecture (ICSA2019) that was held in Lisbon, Portugal, in July 2019. It also contains a multimedia device with the full texts of the lectures presented at the conference, including the 5 keynote lectures, and almost 150 selected contributions.

The contributions on creative and scientific aspects in the conception and construction of structures, on advanced technologies and on complex architectural and structural applications represent a fine blend of scientific, technical and practical novelties in both fields.

ICSA2019 covered all major aspects of structures and architecture, including: building envelopes/façades; comprehension of complex forms; computer and experimental methods; futuristic structures; concrete and masonry structures; educating architects and structural engineers; emerging technologies; glass structures; innovative architectural and structural design; lightweight and membrane structures; special structures; steel and composite structures; structural design challenges; tall buildings; the borderline between architecture and structural engineering; the history of the relationship between architects and structural engineers; the tectonic of architectural solutions; the use of new materials; timber structures, among others.

This set of book and multimedia device is intended for a global readership of researchers and practitioners, including architects, structural and construction engineers, builders and building consultants, constructors, material suppliers and product manufacturers, and other professionals involved in the design and realization of architectural, structural and infrastructural projects.

Table of Contents

Keynote Lectures

Design for durability                                                                              
F. Branco

Builders of ephemeral monumental constructions in cardboard                                        
O. Grossetête

Tectonic ecologies in architecture – A critical perspective in a time of transition                
A. Beim

Architects + engineers: A very creative and productive collaboration                               
H. Corres, J. León & L. Todisco

Design for future: A new way of storytelling on footbridge                                         
L. Ren & X. Ruan

Technical Contributions

Circular Tectonics: Towards ecological continuity, -means, -relations, strategies and -innovation in architectural practice

Circular Tectonics? – A critical discussion of how the architectural discipline can drive ecological continuity
M.F. Hvejsel & A. Beim

Connecting ends with beginnings – Conceptual framework for a circular art of tectonics             
J. Holst

The compatibility of architecture and circular economy                                             
H. Ejstrup & P. Munch-Petersen

Dialectical Tectonics – Ontology and tectonic ecology of form, material and form without material 
K. Usto

Sustainable building renovation: Towards a holistic tectonics thinking framework in sustainable transformation of the built environment by (through) renovation
A. Kamari & P.H. Kirkegaard

Isolating the tectonics of insulation                                                              
H. Ejstrup

A tectonic approach to energy renovation of dwellings – The case of Gellerup                       
S.R. Jensen, P.H. Kirkegaard, G. Postiglione & A. Strange

Transformation of architectural heritage through adaptive modular systems                          
J. Buthke, S.O.Pedersen, N.M. Larsen & C. Bundgaard

Building circular economy – Strategies for decoupling in architectural practice                    
L.K. Frederiksen & P. Munch-Petersen

Invisible tectonics: Nano materials, chemical synthesis, and human health                          
F. Trubiano

Beautiful tectonics – Corporeal aesthetic in tectonics as sustainable parameter                    
N.B. Andersen

The presence of timber – Oral history versus architectural theory                                  
U. Groba

Circular tectonics, users, and local culture                                                       
J. Johansson

Tectonic learning ecologies: Elements for a circular architecture pedagogy in the work of Fernando Távora
M.F. Hvejsel

Special Sessions

Wood: Structure and expression
Crafting Spatiality: Explorations with components and connections for spatial architectural structures

A Universe of Wood Joinery                                                                         
M. Spaan

Tectonic in the education                                                                          
C. Rist-Stadelmann

Connected Knowledge                                                                                
B.O. Braaten, J. Siem & A. Gilberg

Full-scale wood architecture as educational tool                                                   
J. Siem, B.O. Braaten & A. Gilberg

Optimization and shaping of indeterminate frame structures                                         
P. Mayencourt & C.T. Mueller

The aspect of craftmanship: Innovation and Expression                                              
U. Meister

Bending-active kit-of-parts systems: Uniformity generating complexity                              
S. Brancart, N. De Temmerman, L. De Laet & O. Popovic-Larsen

Exploration of spatial structures made from reused elements and the design of optimal kits-of-parts
J. Brütting, C. Fivet & G. Senatore

Rotational stiffness in timber joinery connections: Analytical and experimental characterizations of the Nuki joint
D.L. Fang, C.T. Mueller, J. Brütting, C. Fivet & J. Moradei

A Tectonic methodology for timber joints. The excellence of detail in the era of technology        
throughout an experimental investigation
L. Catalá Bustos, P. H. Kirkegaard, P.F. Sonne-Frederiksen & J. Buthke

General Contributions
Building envelopes

Strategies for the refurbishment of heritage-listed post-war facades                               
I. Sörensen & F. Mähl

Wrapping up and weaving buildings: Handcrafted techniques in contemporary architecture
I. Curiel Peraza

A hybrid adaptive composite based auxiliary envelope                                               
I.W. Foged, A. Pasold & T. Pelosini

Structural adhesive connections for building façade applications 
K.V. Machalická, M. Vokáč, M. Zikmundová & M. Eliášová

Good looking and safe: “Heavy” façades in seismic zones
M. Roik

Energy efficiency study applied on a monumental building                                           
D. Bocan, C. Bocan & A. Keller

Fastening technology as an interface and integration element of architectural, structural, and building engineering
P. Spyridis

Comprehension of complex forms

Complex geometries of environmentally sensitive Forms                                              
M.G. Fineout

Multi-dimensional form finding: Structure, construction and sustainability                         
D. Parigi & L. Damkilde

Computer and experimental methods

Conceptual design in the years of the numerical revolution: Risks and perspectives                 
L. Kubiak & L. Sgambi

Self-supporting ceramic wall system: Challenges of additive manufacturing of architectural ceramic components
J. Moreira, L. Ferreira, B. Figueiredo, P.J.S. Cruz, A.M. Sampaio, R. Gonçalves & A.J. Pontes

Design exploration of architectural geometries and structural performance for sports arenas based on SOM-clustering and structural performance simulation
W. Pan, Y. Sun, M. Turrin, C. Louter & I. S. Sariyildiz

Experimental dynamic behavior of an of an historical thin shell structure in concrete: The Paraboloide of Casale Monferrato
E. Lenticchia, R. Ceravolo & S. Invernizzi

Concept architectural buildings

Materials science, spanning the divide between architecture and structural engineering             
F.A. Veer, L. van Ellen & M. Nazari

Digital fascinations versus constructed reality: Towards achieving excellence in execution, a practical approach
T.M. Boake

Concrete and masonry structures

Concrete masonry units: Innovation design strategies through architecture and building technology integration
C. Manrique, D. Armpriest, S. He & G. Florenca

Rehabilitation of trumpeters’ Tower of the Saint Margaret Evangelical Church of Medias             
V. Ungureanu, M. Georgescu & L. Gligor

A Platform of design strategies for the optimization of concrete floor systems in India            
M.A. Ismail & C.T. Mueller

A prototype for precast covers. An optimal solution by Torroja                                     
J. Antuña & B. Orta

Research into the response of segmental masonry barrel vaults to dynamic loading effects           
J. Witzany, R. Zigler, T. Čejka, J. Karas, J. Kubát, M. Pirner & S. Urushadze

The Sorolla Institute of Valencia (Spain). A project by J.R. Azpiazu                               
E. Fenollosa, I. Cabrera & B. Serrano

Masonry tectonics: Craft, labor, & structural innovation in architectural education                
F. Trubiano, J. Dessi-Olive & R. Gentry

Educating architects and structural engineers

It’s all structural: Teaching construction logic with parametric modeling                          
A.C. Harfmann

Draw first, ask questions later: The value of manual sketching in elementary architectural structures education
D.J. Oakley

Structures and architecture integration in a best use of wood design competition studio            
D. Armpriest & C. Manrique

SIXXIGames: Serious games to educate young architects and structural engineers                     
T. Iori, I. Giannetti & G. Capurso

Experience-based learning in construction education. Testing the effectiveness of the product-oriented learning situation
I. Vrouwe & L. Luyten

MERGE: Exploring new paradigms for educating architects, engineers and builders                    
J. Kansler & J. Doerfler

The structural depth of the masonry antidome and ambidome                                          
L. Luyten & E. Jannasch

From abstract construction to community integration                                                
L.H. Hansen

Integrating design science and systems thinking for active learning                                
M.M. Laboy

Teaching reflection: The unrealized potential of log construction                                  
J.X. Zhu, P. Ghelichi & R.S. Diedering

Parametric design and analysis of building structures in the Architecture School of A Coruña       
J. Vázquez-Rodríguez, D. Otero-Chans, J. Estévez-Cimadevila, E. Martín-Gutiérrez & F. Suarez-Riestra

Structural integrity and functionality of form; exploring relations of load-bearing elements and architectural form in the education of engineers
A. Rønnquist, B. Manum & N. Labonnote

Transforming structure: The metaphorical construction process and structural design                
E.V. Ellis & D.A. Kratzer

Teaching construction thinking in architecture through materiality and craftsmanship               
M. Rinke

Adaptation of a monument building for accessibility of disabled persons, a case study              
C. Bocan, D. Bocan & A. Keller

Timber tectonics in the digital age: Interdisciplinary learning for data-driven wood architecture  
M. Riggio & N.Y. Cheng

Research initiatives: Structural application into design process                                   
M. Callahan, S. Shadravan & Y. Obasade

Aspects of the integral teaching of structures and architectural design                            
M. Blenkuš & T. Krušec

Advanced structural integration collaboratory model for architecture students                      
T. Fowler & S. Rihal

Education on structural glass design: Redefining glass through the design of innovative, full-glass  structures
F. Oikonomopoulou, T. Bristogianni, C. Louter, F.A. Veer & R. Nijsse

Exploring experimental methods on teaching structures for architects: first results of a new course at FAUP
E. Brito & R.F. Póvoas

Glass structures

Performance of the compressed pillar made of solid glass bricks in comparison with other materials
J. Fíla, M. Eliášová & Z. Sokol

Current analytical computational methods of laminated glass panels in comparison to FEM simulation
T. Hána, K. V. Machalická, M. Vokáč & M. Eliášová

On configuration and structural design of frameless glass structures                               
P.-S. Chen & M.-T. Tsai

Performance of glass brick wall exposed to fire                                                    
Z. Sokol & M. Eliášová

Innovative architectural and structural design

Housing experiments of the 1920s fuelling innovation. The multicellular construction system       
A. Cel Mare

Modularity in architectural design: Lessons from a housing case                                    
A.L. Correia, L. Simões da Silva &V. Murtinho

Shape of arch – Is it important?                                                                   
E. Järvenpää, A.H. Niemi & J. Tervaoja

Prefabricated ultracompact module for steel framed structures                                      
F. Suárez-Riestra & J. Estévez-Cimadevila

Non-cartesian geometry through hybrid workflows                                                    
Y. Zavoleas

Dynamic shelter structure                                                                          
F. Maden, D. Ölmez, Ş. Gür, M.Y. Uncu & C. Mitropoulou

Configuration and mechanical characteristics of 1.5-Layer Space Frames                             
P.-S. Chen

Innovative daylight structures for airport terminal and concourse buildings 
W. Place, M. Salamati & J. Hu

Deployable structures of reciprocal crossed arches                                                 
M. Muñoz-Vidal, I. López-César, J. Pérez-Valcárcel & F. Suárez-Riestra

Innovative bridges over Bega                                                                       
L. Toduți, E. Meteș, E. Petzek, M. Toduți, G. Ispășoiu & B. Zaha

Flex Skin: Developing a material system based on interlocking wooden panels                        
F. Fotouhi, M. Hudert, G. Kayo & T. Kotnik

Structural innovation in the architecture of Thomas Jefferson                                      
H. Rodríguez-Camilloni

Lightweight and membrane structures

Inflatable structures and digital fabrication                                                      
O. Iuorio & H.S. Matharou

Deployable structures with straight bars: Design, manufacturing and assembly                       
O.F. Avellaneda Lopez


The performance standard - NBR 15575 and the architectural and structural designs                  
M.A.S. Hippert & O.C. Longo

A case study of structural monitoring as a control tool in the restoration process of heritage structures: The strengthening of the Vistabella Church’s Tower
R. Señís

Modular housing for situations of humanitarian catastrophe                                         
J. Aragón Fitera, S. Muñiz Gómez, V. Hermo Sanchez, E. Mosquera Rey & A. Casal-Rodríguez

Special structures

Parametric description of the movement of reciprocal transformable geometry surfaces, for adaptive environment materialization
C. Martínez Arias & J. Anaya Díaz

Drie Fonteinen Bridge Brussels-Charleroi: Lessons learnt form a multidisciplinary design process in a digital design era
J.E.P. Smits & A.F. Blankenspoor

Expandable bar structures for emergency situations                                                 
J. Pérez-Valcárcel, M. Muñoz-Vidal, M. Freire-Tellado, D. Gómez-Magide & A. Casal-Rodríguez

Scale effect and load-bearing behavior of a reconfigurable hybrid structure                        
M. Matheou, M.C. Phocas & E.G. Christoforou

Morphological investigation of a tensegrity helicoid for display during the 2018 Biennale-Architecture in Venice
K.A. Liapi, A. Papantoniou & A. Ioannidi

Steel and composite structures

Symbol and technique of steel domes in Italy                                                       
R. Morganti, A. Tosone, M. Abita & D. Di Donato

Structural aluminium in architecture – The history and future of aluminium as a strutural material
S.H. Dyvik, B. Manum, J. H. Mork & M. Luczkowski

Structural design challenges

The ephemeral robustness: Structure for temporary constructions                                    
A. Bernabeu-Larena, J. Gómez-Mateo & J. Bernabeu-Larena

From repetition to chaos: Complex fabrications in contemporary steel structures                    
T. M. Boake

Structural comparison of scissor-hinge linkages                                                    
F. Maden, Y. Akgün, K. Yücetürk, E. Aktaş, M.Y. Uncu & C. Mitropoulou

Tall buildings

High-rise building modelling: Numerical and analytical approaches                                  
L. Sgambi & B. Sato

Towards a design framework for the structural systems of tall buildings that considers embodied greenhouse gas emissions
J. Helal, A. Stephan & R.H. Crawford

Design-to-live or Design-to-build? The impact of delegated design responsibility in Melbourne’s high-rise residential buildings
G. Marfella & A. Martel

From form-finding to space-making in high-rise designs                                             
C. Bañón

The borderline between architecture and structural engineering

Historic timber roof structures: Value and influence on the seismic behavior of heritage buildings
A. Keller & M. Mosoarca

From AgwA to Oversize: From design practice to a pedagogic and research project                    
B. Burquel, H. Fallon & B. Vandenbulcke

Multi-criterial vulnerability assessment for Timisoara city, Romania                               
I. Onescu, E. Onescu & M. Mosoarca

Task of reinforced concrete in Central European sacral architecture of Roman Catholic church     
E. Svintekova (Vertatova)

Partnering without boundaries: Integrating structures, architecture, practice, and education       
K. Dong & T. Fowler

From architectural competition to built reality: Predictable failures and serendipitous successes  
J. Rey-Rey

Assessing architectural heritage: Identifying and evaluating heritage values for masonry and cast-iron buildings and structures
S. Eberhardt & M. Pospíšil

The history of the relationship between architects and structural engineers

The 1935 Portuguese reinforced concrete code: Background, sources and authors                      
J.P. Delgado, R.J.G. Ramos & P. Tormenta Pinto

Steel visions. Fiorini’s “mechanical architectures”                                                
R. Morganti, A. Tosone, M. Abita & D. Di Donato

The engineer Emílio H. Baumgart and the Brazilian architecture in reinforced concrete of the first
half of the twentieth-century
J.M.M. Sánchez & R.P. da Fonseca

Walter Gropius & Ove Arup: Collaboration, ‘total design’ & the ‘composite mind’                    
F. Trubiano

Arne Johnson’s material research introducing steel frame building in postwar Sweden                
F. Rosenberg

The original palaces of Brasília: Architectural composition and structural engineering            
E.G. da Silva & J.M.M. Sánchez

The tectonic of architectural solutions

The construction of the Porto School                                                               
E. Fernandes

The tectonic structures of Sverre Fehn                                                             
J.J. Ferrer Forés

Temporal reciprocities of building and site: Structural patterns for resilient future-use structures   
M.M. Laboy

Low impact spans: Toward emission-based structural optimization                                    
M. Mayer & L. Echevarría

1956. American background in Spanish Experimental Housing                                          
N. Cervero Sánchez

A new approach to the concept of tectonics                                                         
N.S. Yordanova

Fake Structures – Real Architecture? From the Parthenon in Athens, Greece to the Parthenon of banned books in Kassel, Germany
A.-C. Schultz

Computational optimization in architectural design and constructive issues. A case study: The canopy of a waste collection center
P. Trovalusci & R. Panei

The use of new materials

Mycelium-based materials at the dawn of the Anthropocene                                           
E. Elsacker, E. Peeters & L. De Laet

Use and challenges of new concretes in the 21st century                                            
G. Rodríguez de Sensale, V. De Lima, J. Borgno & A. Luisi

Experimental design and building of a cable reinforced plastic brick arch                          
M. Schneider, S. Tripod, L.T. Houdmont & J.Belis

Load capacity testing method for non-conventional nodes joining linear structural paper components
N. Kiziltoprak, E. Kanli, J. Schneider, U. Knaack & R. Bach

Experimental earth composite shells                                                                
J. Belis, S. Willaert, K. Martens, B. Van Lancker & M. Achenza

Vulnerability of earth material to water: A state of the art                                       
E. Pauporté & L. Sgambi

Experimental research and evaluation of the application of selected nanosuspensions on in-situ historical material surfaces
K. Kroftová, J. Witzany, D. Škoda & I. Kuřitka

Timber structures

Active bending in timber structures: Case studies in design, development and construction          
P. Tidwell

Can timber lower the environmental impact of tall buildings?                                       
C. De Wolf & C. Fivet

Timber T-section beams: From pre-tensioning to self-tensioning                                     
J. Estévez-Cimadevila, D. Otero-Chans, E. Martín-Gutiérrez, F. Suárez-Riestra & J. Vázquez-Rodríguez

Paper and cardboard as sustainable building materials                                              
J.F. Łątka

Making-of Pringle: Hybrid structure from equitangential, bending active, wooden frame and minimal surface robe-net
G.H. Filz

Case studies on spatial timber constructions in modern architecture and public art                 
Y.T. Shi & L.Y. Wu

The process of rocking CLT into a HOT cabin                                                        
L.D. Houck

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Paulo J.S. Cruz is Founder and President of the International Association of Structures and Architecture since 2016. Chairman of the former international conferences in this field (ICSA2010, ICSA2013 and ICSA2016).

Faculty member of the University of Minho since 1989, initially at the Civil Engineering Department, where he was Head of Department from 2003 to 2004. Dean of the School of Architecture from 2004 to 2011. Full Professor of Construction and Technology at the School of Architecture since 2008. Pro-Rector of the University of Minho since 2017.

Graduated in Civil Engineering by the University of Porto in 1987; MSc in Structures by the University of Porto in 1991, and PhD in Construction Engineering by the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona, in 1995; Habilitation in Structures by the University of Minho, in 2005.

Since 1987 he has conducted research in the domain of special structures. After his PhD he started in the field of steel and composite structures, progressively devoting his research interests to the area of bridges, particularly concerning safety, inspection, assessment and monitoring.

Since his involvement with the School of Architecture, he has bridged the gap between architecture and structural engineering, promoting the efficient use of the traditional materials and their judicious combination; exploring innovative technological, constructional and structural solutions and establishing effective collaborations with the construction industry.

He is the President of the Design Institute of Guimarães and Coordinator of the Advanced Ceramics R&D Lab, aiming the application of additive manufacturing techniques to the built environment.