Sustainability of Biomass through Bio-based Chemistry
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The process of photosynthesis is a potential source of energy and bioproducts. Renewable sources of polymeric materials offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically attractive technology. The innovations in the development of materials from biopolymers, preservation of fossil-based raw materials, complete biological degradability, reduction in the volume of garbage and compostability in the natural cycle, climate protection through reduction of carbon dioxide released, and the application possibilities of agricultural resources for the production of bio/green materials are some of the reasons why such materials are attracting public interest.
- Discusses waste from urban areas, forestry and agricultural processes, specifically grown crops such as trees, starch crops, sugar crops hydrocarbon plants and oils, and finally aquatic plants such as water seaweeds and algae, which can be used as raw materials for sustainable development.
- Presents recent advances in the development of some specifically chemical components of biomasses for a sustainable future.
- Focuses on lignocellulose as a source of bio-based products.
- Draws upon expertise from various countries.
- Describes how upgraded and integrated biomass processing may reduce the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic.
Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania.
Table of Contents
1. Biomass and Sustainability
[Valentin I. Popa]
2. Selectively Transformation of Lignin into Value-added Chemicals
[Xiaojun Shen and Runcang Sun]
3. Nanocellulose-based Materials for the Solar Cell, Wearable Sensors, and Supercapacitors
[Sheng Chen, Meng Wang, Changyou Shao, and Feng Xu]
4. Horizons for Future Sustainability: From Trash to Functional Cellulose Fibres
[Aleksandra M. Mikhailidi and Nina E. Kotelnikova]
5. Cellulose Valorization for the Development of Bio-based Functional Materials via Topochemical Engineering
[Lokesh Kesavan, Liji Sobhana, and Pedro Fardim]
6. Sustainable Hydrogels from Renewable Resources
7. Production of Cellulosic Membranes from Rice Husks for Reverse Osmosis Applications
[Ana Carolina de Oliveira, Franciélle Girardi-Alves, and Luizildo Pitol-Filho]
8. Morphological Aspects of Sustainable Hydrogels
[Daniela Rusu, Diana Ciolacu, and Roxana Vlase]
9. Bio-based Stimuli-responsive Hydrogels with Biomedical Applications
[Raluca Nicu and Diana Ciolacu]
10. Curdlan Derivatives: New Approaches in Synthesis and Their Applications
[Dana M. Suflet]
Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania. Professor Popa earned a BSc and an MSc in chemical engineering (1969) and a PhD in polysaccharide chemistry (1976) at Polytechnic Institute of Iasi, Romania. He was awarded the Romanian Academy Prize for his contributions in the field of seaweed chemistry (1976). He has published more than 600 papers in the fields of wood chemistry and biotechnology, biomass complex processing, biosynthesis, and biodegradation of natural com- pounds, allelochemicals, bioadhesives, and bioremediation. Professor Popa is the author and co-author of 38 books and book chapters.