1st Edition

Symbiotic Association of Microorganisms with Medicinal and Herbal Plants

Edited By Allah Ditta, Sajid Mehmood, Azamal Husen Copyright 2025
    240 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Research establishes that symbiotic association of microbes with medicinal and herbal plants enhance the growth and accumulation of bioactive materials, and that species of microbes including bacterial and fungal species play a key role. Symbiotic Association of Microorganisms with Medicinal and Herbal Plants identifies the important symbiotic association between microbes and medicinal plants, including perspectives in improving bioactive ingredients for the synthesis and preparation of pharmaceutical drugs.


    • Provides a comprehensive overview of symbiotic association of microorganisms with medicinal and herbal plants.
    • Discusses the impacts of symbiotic association on the diversity, growth and chemical components of the medicinal and herbal plants.
    • Elaborates opportunities and future challenges regarding the understanding of symbiotic association between microbes and medicinal plants.

    A volume in the Exploring Medicinal Plants series, this book provides exciting information in a structured manner for scientists, researchers, and students working in various fields including medicinal plants, microbiology, economic botany, chemistry, biotechnology, pharmacognosy, and pharmaceuticals.

    1 Symbiotic association of microbes with medicinal and herbal plants
    Vahid Poozesh, Allah Ditta
    2 Mycorrhiza-a symbiotic association between root-inhabiting fungi and medicinal plants with Potential applications in pharmacology and biotechnology
    Zainab Shahzadi, Zubaida Yousaf, Zainab Maqbool, Arusa Aftab, Shahneela Mushtaq, Nadia Riaz
    3 Core microbiome of Salvia miltiorrhiza seed: A rich reservoir of beneficial microbes for secondary metabolism
    Wajahat Ullah, Abdul Khaliq Jan, Dur Muhammad, Zubair Ahmad, Abdur Rauf, Farman Ullah
    4 Exploring the Impact of Endophytes on Secondary Metabolite Production in Medicinal Plants under Abiotic Stress
    Zul Kamal, Muhammad Esa, Hasin Sahar, Asghar Ali, Uzma Sher, Abdul Khaliq Jan
    5 Progress in Understanding the Positive Impact of Microbiota Connected to Medicinal Plants and Herbs
    Ratna Prabha, DP Singh, Amrender Kumar, Kumar M
    6 Microbiomes: A road map of medicinal plants growth, disease control and abiotic stress management
    Nadia Riaz, Zubaida Yousaf, Afifa Younas, Sajjad Hyder, Arusa Aftab, Zainab Maqbool, Zainab Shahzadi, Samina Hanif
    7 Heavy metals accumulation in medicinal plants and their health impacts: A case study of African countries
    Hubert Olivier Dossou-Yovo, Muhammad Nauman Khan, Alevcan Kaplan, Brice Sinsin
    Information Classification: General
    8 Interaction between fungi and bacteria to diminish the effect of salt stress in plants by enhancing enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants
    Vahid Poozesh, Atefe Amirahmadi
    9 Ameliorative role of endophytes in mitigating biotic and abiotic stresses in medicinal plants
    Muhammad Shahbaz Ali, Farrukh Azeem, Muhammad Shahid, Faisal Mahmood, Tanvir Shahzad, Yasir Bilal, Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Talha Khokhar, Sabir Hussain
    10 Role of Endophytes as Biostimulants in Medicinal Plants Protection and Resilience
    Wiwiek Harsonowati, Dwinita Wikan Utami, Wiwin Setiawati, Sri Widawati, Suliasih, Deciyanto Soetopo, Susi Wuryantini, Sri Wahyuni Budiarti, Mizu istianto
    11 Plant growth-promoting activities for bacterial and fungal endophytes isolated from a medicinal plant of Teucrium polium L.
    Shivani Gupta, Sumit Kumar, Gulshan Negi, Sakshi Suchita
    12 Endophytic microbes and their inductive role in abiotic stress tolerance in medicinal plants
    Bhavna Nigam, Dheeraj Rathore, Indra Jeet Chaudhary


    Allah Ditta did his BSc (Hons) in the year 2007 and MSc (Hons) in 2009 from University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan. He received his Ph.D. from Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan in 2014. He has carried out research projects in the areas of Eco-restoration by using integrated organic, inorganic and microbial strategies. Dr. Ditta is serving as an Associate Professor and Chairman Department of Environmental Sciences, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal, Dir upper, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan since 2021. He is also serving as an Adjunct Research Fellow at School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009, Australia since 2018. He has also served as Assistant Professor at Department of Environmental Sciences, PMAS, Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. His major research interests encompass broad, interdisciplinary field of plant production, with a focus on eco-restoration under abiotic stresses. The breadth of his research spans from degraded land ecological amelioration, using integrated and sustainable approaches. He has supervised seven MPhil and eight undergraduate level research thesis. Dr. Ditta has published more than 150 research and review articles (Impact factor 455) in internationally well-recognized journals along with 19 book chapters. He has also edited two books; “Bio-organic Amendments for Heavy Metal Remediation: Water, Soil and Plant Approaches and Technologies (Plant Biology, sustainability and climate change)” with Elsevier, USA and “Nanomaterials in Industrial Chemistry” with CRC press, USA.

    Sajid Mehmood completed his BSc (Hons.) in Agriculture from Arid Agricultural University of Rawalpindi, Pakistan, in 2012, he continued his MSc (Hons.) in Soil Science and graduated in 2014. Since 2015, he moved to Wuhan, China and finished his Ph.D. under Prof. Dr. Shuxin Tu in June 2018 at the College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China, and examined the different types of risk, management strategies and efficiency at crop level using biochar, slag and ferrous manganese ore. He is currently a postdoctoral fellow at the Hainan University in the Department of Ecology and Environment and working on the remediation of fish pond sediments for the utilization of sediments as a fertilizer. He has 3 years research experience on as-is and modified (magnetic and acidic) biochars. He has published his findings in Science Journals. Dr. Sajid worked as a research associate in a project of National Natural Science Foundation of China. Dr. Sajid has been on the Editorial board and the panel of reviewers of several reputed journals of Elsevier, Frontiers Media SA, Taylor & Francis, Springer Nature, RSC, Oxford University Press, Sciendo, The Royal Society, CSIRO, PLOS and John Wiley & Sons.

    Azamal Husen is a Professor at Sankalchand Patel University, Visnagar, India; and Adjunct Professor at Graphic Era (Deemed to be University), Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India. He is also working as a Visiting Professor at University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; and acting as a Foreign Delegate at Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita, Ethiopia. Previously, he served as Professor and Head of the Department of Biology, University of Gondar, Ethiopia. He also worked as a Visiting Faculty of the Forest Research Institute and the Doon College of Agriculture and Forest at Dehra Dun, India. His research and teaching experience of 25 years encompasses biogenic nanomaterial fabrication and application; plant responses to nanomaterials; plant adaptation to harsh environments at the physiological, biochemical, and molecular levels; herbal medicine; and clonal propagation for improvement of tree species. He has conducted research sponsored by the World Bank, the National Agricultural Technology Project, the Indian Council of Agriculture Research, the Indian Council of Forest Research Education, and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation. Husen has published extensively (~300) and served on the Editorial Board and as reviewer of reputed journals published by Elsevier, Frontiers Media, Taylor & Francis, Springer Nature, RSC, Oxford University Press, Sciendo, the Royal Society, CSIRO, PLOS, MDPI, John Wiley & Sons, and UPM Journals. He is on the advisory board of Cambridge Scholars Publishing, UK. He is a fellow of the Plantae group of the American Society of Plant Biologists, and a member of the International Society of Root Research, Asian Council of Science Editors, and International Natural Product Sciences. He is Editor-in-Chief of the American Journal of Plant Physiology, and a Series Editor of Exploring Medicinal Plants (Taylor & Francis Group, USA); Plant Biology, Sustainability, and Climate Change (Elsevier, USA); and Smart Nanomaterials Technology (Springer Nature, Singapore).