Since the Teacher Education Act was in place in 1994, student teachers were educated through diverse educational institutions instead of the traditional normal schools (Taiwan’s equivalent of teachers’ colleges). But such market-based teacher education has been altered by politics, society and culture in the direction of government-controlled teacher education, particularly in the quality evaluation of teacher education. Taiwan maintains teacher education quality by controlling the number of teachers, using teacher assessment to eliminate teachers who are not up to standard, evaluating teacher education institutions, evaluating professional development of teachers to raise elementary and secondary teacher quality. This book uses Taiwan as a case study to analyze the transformation of teacher education in a country which goes through political, economic and societal transitions, along the axis of state regulation vs marketization. It analyzes the uniqueness of Taiwanese teacher education for international reference, and draws implications for teacher education policies in the context of education reform.
This book will interest policy makers, researchers and students in the field of education, especially in teacher education and comparative education.
Introduction: The Formation of Two Approaches to Teacher Education/ Chun-Ping Wang I. Historical Background Chapter 1 Development of Teacher Education Policies in Taiwan during the Dutch and Spanish Occupation, the Zheng and Qing Period, and the Japanese Colonial Period /Chung-Ming Liang Chapter 2 Teacher Education Policy and the Policy Direction in Taiwan / Yung-Ming Shu Chapter 3 Ideologies and Theories Influencing the Development of Teacher Education in Taiwan / Shen-Keng Yang Chapter 4 The Ideology, Implications, and Application of Teacher Profession Standards / Jia-Li Huang II. Developing Teacher Education Chapter 5 The Development of Pre-service Teacher Education Courses / Yu-Fei Liu Chapter 6 The Education Practicum from the Development of Teacher Education in Taiwan /Wei-Ling Tang Chapter 7 Teacher Professional Development in Taiwan / Bo-Ruey Huang III. Improving Teachers’ Professional Performance Chapter 8 Development of Teacher Education Institutions in Taiwan / Chou-Sung Yang Chapter 9 The Evaluation for Professional Development of School Teachers /Feng-Jihu Lee Chapter 10 The Teacher Education Strategic Alliances in Taiwan / Sheng-Yao Cheng Chapter 11 The Evaluation Teacher Education for Quality Assurance in Taiwan / Jia-Li Huang Chapter 12 Conclusion: State Control vs. Market Mechanism --Taiwan’s Experience with Teacher Education / Jia-Li Huang