Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a specific, goal-orientated therapy which often results in positive change within a short period of time, unlike traditional psychotherapy which can take many years to produce positive results. CBT emphasises the role that thoughts play in regard to both emotions and behaviours. It advocates that changing thought processes can have a significant effect upon altering behaviours. CBT offers individuals a way of talking about themselves, their world and other people and about how what they do affects their thoughts and feelings. Unlike many other 'talking treatments' CBT focuses upon the here and now and ways to improve the individual's state of mind in the present time as opposed to focusing on causes of distress of past symptoms. This programme for young people introduces and teaches the key elements and skills of a Cognitive Behavioural Approach. Participants are taught that by changing thought processes they can have a significant effect in altering behaviours. Change Your Mind - Skills-based Learning There is a wealth of recent research to show that CBT is both a promising and an effective intervention for treating children's psychological difficulties and problems. It also involves problem-solving skills training and social skills work. Given the increasing awareness and prevalence of mental health problems amongst young people, this programme aims to articulate these concerns whilst also providing 12 sessions of skill-based learning. The sessions introduce key elements and techniques of the CBT approach and encourage young people to reconsider their negative assumptions and learn how to change their self-perceptions in order to improve their mental and emotional state. The programme is not intended to be delivered as individual 'therapy' per se, but rather as a small group or whole class intervention providing facilitators with a series of tried and tested resources for use with young people. The idea is not to target only those regarded as exhibiting behavioural problems, low self-esteem and anxiety but to include all young people in order to prevent escalation of any difficulties and to provide them with a range of CBT problem-solving strategies and techniques. The programme is both educational and therapeutic in design but is not, in any sense, a substitute for individual interventions delivered by appropriate clinicians. However, the resources can and do provide useful tools for the clinician engaged in such individual interventions and the Learning Mentor, SENCO or Inclusion Manager wishing to develop a programme of support for an individual student.
Teaching Tools - the Series, Learning Outcomes for a Cognitive Behavioural Approach, Introduction, References, Part One: Staff Training, Activities, PowerPoint Presentation and Facilitator Notes, Part Two: Student Sessions, Session 1: Problem Identification and Making Links - Group Rules, Session 2: Core Beliefs, Session 3: Focus on Feelings, Session 4: Focus on Feelings 2, Session 5: Control those Feelings, Session 6: NATs and PATs, Session 7: Faulty Thinking, Session 8: Find the Facts, Session 9: More on your Core Beliefs, Session 10: Thought Control, Session 11: Changing Behaviour, Session 12: Problem-solver, Part Three: Appendices, Appendix 1: Information Sheet for Students, Appendix 2: Letter to Parents/Carers, Appendix 3: Information Sheet for Parents/Carers, Appendix 4: Mental Health Fact Sheet, Appendix 5: Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services, Appendix 6: Referral Routes to Specialist Agencies, Appendix 7: Directory of National Mental Health Services, Appendix 8: Sample Mental Health and Wellbeing Policy for Schools