1st Edition

The Belt and Road Initiative in Asia, Africa, and Europe

    324 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

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    This book examines the progress and reception of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) in key subregions of Asia, Africa and Europe.

    Through its exploration of the patchwork of distinctive sub regions of each continent, the book analyses how well the BRI accommodates sub regional variation as it attempts to integrate Asia, Africa, and Europe under Chinese auspices. Individual chapters focus on how developing subregions experience BRI relations with China, while others focus on how liberal powers seek to compete with China’s BRI agenda. The contributions also gauge the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the BRI in regional settings and point to its future implications.

    Offering a panoramic view of the vast mosaic of Asian, African, and European sub regions targeted by the BRI, this book will be of interest to scholars and students of International Relations and Global Political Economy as well as Chinese politics and those with an interest in the Belt and Road Initiative more broadly.

    Part 1: Introduction
    1. Making sense of the Belt and Road Initiative
    David Arase
    Part 2: BRI in Asia

    2. South Korea response to the BRI: Hedging amidst change and continuity in the international system
    Hyo-sook Kim
    3. The Belt and Road Initiative and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: Interactions and Impact before and after COVID-19
    Sang Chul Park
    4. Slippery Road Ahead: BRI, China and Southeast Asia amid COVID-19 Pandemic
    Xue Gong
    5. Patterns of China’s BRI Ingress in South Asia: Implications for Regional Order
    Jabin Thomas Jacob
    6. China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Central Asia
    Mher D. Sahakyan
    7. China’s Belt and Road Initiative, the Middle East and Iran
    Mher D. Sahakyan
    Part 3: BRI in Europe
    8. The End of China’s Affair with Central and East Europe
    Emilian Kavalski
    9. The European Union’s Response to the Belt and Road Initiative
    Margot Schüller
    Part 4: BRI in Africa
    10. BRI vs. AAGC, FOIP and Africa’s Agenda 2063
    Pedro Miguel Amakasu Raposo de Medeiros Carvalho
    11. China-Africa Overseas Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone Project Cooperation: A Preliminary Evaluation
    Chun Zhang and Yaping Zhao
    12. Worlds of work in the Belt and Road—Analysing dynamics of labour in Chinese enterprises in Africa
    Anand Parappadi Krishnan
    13. Examination of Chinese BRI projects in Africa: An Indian perspective
    Veda Vaidyanathan
    14. The Roads, the Belts, and the Contemporary International Political Economic System
    Kwame Nimako
    Part 5: Strategic overview
    15. Financial sustainability of the Belt and Road Initiative before and after Covid-19
    David Bulman
    16. The Belt and Road Initiative as geostrategy
    David Arase
    Part 6: Conclusion
    17. What have we learned from this collection?
    Pedro Miguel Amakasu Raposo de Medeiros Carvalho


    David M. Arase is Resident Professor of International Politics at the John Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese and American Studies, USA.

    Pedro Miguel Amakasu Raposo de Medeiros Carvalho is Full Professor of Economic History and African Economic Studies at Kansai University, Osaka, Japan.