1st Edition

The Central Government-Funded Teacher Education Policy in China Impacts on Career-Choice Motivation of Pre-service Teachers

By Yi Liu Copyright 2024
    122 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book utilises expectancy–value theory and undermining effect of extrinsic reward theory to examine the impact of the Central Government-Funded Teacher Education (CGFTE) policy on Chinese pre-service teachers' motivations for choosing the teaching profession.  

    Quantitative data analysis revealed six distinct categories of motivations to teach: teacher influence, job advantages (extrinsic), social value (altruistic), personal interest (intrinsic), others' suggestions, and fallback career. These categories were further exemplified in ten narrative stories. The findings indicate that the CGFTE policy attracts high-school graduates with higher intrinsic motivation to enrol in teacher-training programs, but it seems ineffective in increasing their intrinsic career-choice motivation. It is argued that the CGFTE policy, which emphasises extrinsic benefits but limits professional development, does not have a significant negative impact on pre-service teachers' motivation to choose teaching. This conclusion is supported by the offsetting effects of the policy's restrictive and encouraging aspects, as explained by expectancy–value theory and the qualitative data. Nevertheless, the intrinsic motivation of policy-funded pre-service teachers did not improve as much as that of their self-supported counterparts, indicating potential undermining effects of the policy. The study concludes by discussing the implications of these findings for enhancing the CGFTE policy, teacher training, and career education in China.

    The book will be an essential read for students and scholars of higher education, Chinese studies, and educational studies in general.

    1. Background and Rationale for Conducting this Study   2. Literature Review   3. Mixed-Methods Research Design   4. Quantitative Analysis of Data from 712 Chinese Pre-service Teachers and Results   5. Narrative Stories of Ten Policy-Funded Pre-Service Teachers and Reflections   6. Discussion, Recommendations, Limitations, and Conclusions


    Dr. Yi Liu is a faculty member at Southwest University in China, specialising in teaching pedagogy to pre-service teachers and international students. He holds a PhD in Education from the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Dr. Liu's research focuses on teacher education and the enhancement of educational policies.

    "Teachers play a pivotal role, globally, in social development, but the profession is not always a first career choice.  Yi Liu’s The Central Government-Funded Teacher Education Policy in China examines the impact of China’s national policy on the career-choice motivation of pre-service teachers. I recommend this book both for its insights into Chinese policy for rural education and as an inquiry into the wider relationship between public-funding and beginning teachers’ motivation."

    Janinka Greenwood, Professor Emeritus, University of Canterbury, New Zealand