When the Soviet Union collapsed universities were freed from state control and left to themselves. This forced universities to be much more market-oriented. This book explores this transformation from the end of the Soviet Union until the present. Based on extensive original research, the book charts the struggles of universities, showing how chaos and decline came to what had been one of the triumphs of the Soviet Union – a higher education system which provided a high standard of advanced education to large numbers of people and made major research achievements. The book shows how a lack of funds, lack of commercial experience and the ending of former means of support such as strong university-state industry links brought about huge disruption; how universities responded with a range of measures such as charging for tutoring and examinations, handling research on a commercial basis and new forms of co-operation; and how all this impacted on subjects of study and on underlying ideas about what a university is for. The book argues that the shock to the system in Russia was so severe that the Russian case serves as an excellent 'survival guide' to universities experiencing similar changes in other parts of the world. By investigating the phenomenon of Russian universities becoming more market-oriented the book contributes to developing further the marketization concept. It summarizes the existing knowledge in this field of study, offers a new framework for analysis of the phenomenon of university marketization and discusses the marketization of Russian universities in the light of comparative studies.
Part 1: Marketization in Focus 1. Russia in Transition - University in Change 2. Marketization: Uncovering the Concept Part 2: The Russian University and Marketization: Highlighting Key Points 3. Diffusion of Market Ideology and its Impact on the Russian University 4. To Market, to Market!!! - But how??? Part 3: Is 'Ordered' to Survive or the Ways in which a Particular Russian State University Adapts to the Market Conditions 5. Marketization and Missions of BSTU 6. Marketization and University Functioning 7. Marketization and Ideological Change? 8. Yin and Yang of Marketization Part 4: So what? Novelty in Marketization of the University 9. Lessons to Learn from the Russian Case 10. Marketiation of the Russian University: A Theoretical Explanation Part 5: Marketization of the Russian University: What is New? What is Next? 11. From State to Market and then Back to State? Recent Trends in the Changing Russian University