This book explores the mechanisms and elements of populism to develop new theoretical and methodological approaches. Much as populism has been researched, it remains a contested notion without coherent definition and methodology and shaped by dimensions such as ideology, communication style, discourse, mobilization, and organization. It has simultaneously mobilized emotions, produced symbols, affected subjectivity and gender relations, and can manifest itself in different ways and appear in hybrid forms, such as in the cases of Silvio Berlusconi, Hugo Chávez, and Donald Trump. International expert contributors explore how such a variety of phenomena can be explained and analyzed, expanding the scope of populism research by proposing a multidimensional and complex understanding of populism. They argue for a greater epistemological differentiation and propose a methodology that integrates different fields of politics. This complex approach makes it possible to analyze populism as a multifaceted phenomenon and to understand how populisms affect politics and society. Aimed at postgraduates and researchers in populism as well as scholars in political science and sociology, media, communication, cultural, gender, and global studies, the volume also contributes to a better understanding of manifestations of right-wing and authoritarian populism in the twenty-first century.
The Complexity of Populism: New Approaches and Methods. An Introduction Paula Diehl and Brigitte Bargetz
PART 1: Populism: A Complex Multidimensional and Gradual Phenomenon
2. Rethinking Populism in Complex Terms Paula Diehl
3. Differentiating Populism: The Complex Constructions of the Leader and the People Carlos de la Torre
PART 2: Epistemological Extensions: Gender, Affects, Subjects
4. Gender as an Analytical Approach to Understanding Authoritarian Right-Wing Populism and Assessing Populism Birgit Sauer
5. Affect, Populism, Politics: Paradoxical Promises of Agency Brigitte Bargetz
6. Toward a Therapeutic Approach to Populism Stefan Bird-Pollan
PART 3: Reflecting Populism’s Complexity: Towards a Multidimensional Methodology
7. A Global Historical Perspective on Populism Federico Finchelstein
8. Observing Right-Wing Populists: A Methodological Approach in Populism Research Giorgia Bulli
9. Explaining Populism from the Politolinguistic Perspective Martin Reisigl
10. Transformations of the Media Sphere: Amplifying Opportunity Structures for Populism Mojca Pajnik
11. Populism by Numbers? Toward a Quantitative Morphology Till Weber
"Populism's diverse political expressions have long been a source of scholarly debate and confusion. In The Complexity of Populism: New Approaches and Methods, leading scholars provide new analytical tools to explain this diversity by conceptualizing populism's multiple dimensions and exploring different methods for the empirical study of both historical and contemporary populisms. The interdisciplinary focus on populism's ideological, communicational, and organizational dimensions offers a framework for comparative analysis that is sure to be very well-received by other scholars looking for coherence amidst populist complexity."
- Kenneth M. Roberts, Professor of Government, Cornell University
'Populism is too often portrayed as a simplistic form of politics. However, this clever and vital volume pushes back against this erroneous assumption by taking the complexity of populism seriously. Recognizing the variation of populist phenomena across the globe, the volume acknowledges the multidimensional nature of populism, suggests new and important methodological avenues for its study, and crucially, embraces interdisciplinarity in examining how populism works. It is vital reading for anyone working on or thinking about populism, both from a theoretical and empirical perspective, and will open up new avenues for studying the most controversial political phenomena of the 21st century.'
-Benjamin Moffitt, Australian Catholic University
'Complexity of Populism is an important contribution for those who want to study populism without taking shortcuts. It recognizes that populism cannot be rendered in a clear and distinct idea and reflects the interpretations of democracy. It shows us that to know populism we must become comparativists and interdisciplinarians, have the patience and humility to get out of comfortable generalizations and go to concrete experiences.'
-Nadia Urbinati, Columbia University