Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions.
The chapters in this edited collection focus on the new, revolutionary paradigm in reasoning and cover the recent research on the development of reasoning in two important areas:
- Cognitive abilities required to reason well and how these abilities develop in children and adolescents.
- Recent empirical data showing the effect intuition and prior belief have on reasoning, even when the outcome is inappropriate.
Different theoretical and empirical perspectives from recent Piagetian theory, mental models and gist processing are examined, along with empirical results looking at specific aspects of reasoning in children. The key theme of the book is to better understand how reasoning develops not only through examining ‘logical’ reasoning, but also the nature of the interactions between people’s intuitions and their reasoning abilities.
The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making provides an overview of the main theories and key empirical results related to the development of reasoning and should be of particular interest to students and researchers in developmental psychology and education, along with those in cognitive psychology.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction. PART 1 Overview and Theory. 2. Maggie E. Toplak, Richard F. West and Keith E. Stanovich, Assessing the Development of Rationality. 3. Rebecca B. Weldon, Jonathan C. Corbin, and Valerie F. Reyna, Gist Processing in Judgment and Decision Making: Developmental Reversals Predicted by Fuzzy-Trace Theory. 4. Caroline Gauffroy and Pierre Barrouillet, A developmental mental model theory of conditional reasoning. 5. Paul A. Klaczynski and Wejdan S. Felmban , Developmental Reversals in Heuristics and Biases during Adolescence: An Individual Difference Approach. PART 2 Development of specific competencies. 6. David Moshman, Epistemic Domains of Reasoning. 7. Wim De Neys, Heuristics, Biases, and the Development of Conflict Detection during Reasoning. 8. Henry Markovits, How to Develop a Logical Reasoner: A Hierarchical Model of the role of divergent thinking in the development of Conditional Reasoning. 9. Sarah R Beck and Kevin J Riggs, The development of counterfactual reasoning.
Henry Markovits is Professor of Developmental Psychology at the Université du Quebec à Montréal, Canada. He has been studying children’s reasoning for many years and has published over 90 articles and chapters on various facets of reasoning. He has been associate editor of the European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, and is currently associate editor of the journal Thinking & Reasoning.