1st Edition

The Duty of Care in International Relations Protecting Citizens Beyond the Border

Edited By Nina Graeger, Halvard Leira Copyright 2020
    162 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    162 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book offers a first overarching look at the relationship between states and their citizens abroad, approached through the concept 'Duty of Care'.

    How can society best be protected, when increasing numbers of citizens are found outside the borders of the state? What are the limits to care – in theory as well as in practical policy? With over 1.2 billion tourists crossing borders every day and more than 230 million expatriates, questions over the sort of duty states have for citizens abroad are politically pressing. Contributors explore both theoretical topics and empirical case studies, examining issues such as as how to care for citizens who become embroiled in political or humanitarian crises while travelling, and exploring what rights and duties states should acknowledge toward nationals who have opted to take up arms for terrorist organizations.

    This work will be of great interest to scholars in a wide range of academic fields including international relations, international security, peacebuilding, ethics and migration.


    1. Introduction: The Duty of Care in International Relations

    Halvard Leira & Nina Græger

    2. Le Souci de Soi: The Duty of Care and the humanitarian politics of life

    Anna Leander

    3. Caring, protecting and disciplining: the surveillance of social science researchers in the dangerhood?

    Alessandra Russo and Francesco Strazzari

    4. Exploring the duty of care in science diplomacy: challenges for secure states in an insecure world

    Ilan Kelman and Carolin Kaltofen

    5. Negotiating Duty of Care after Intervention: Afghan Interpreters, Danish Veterans and the Moral Responsibilities of a Small State

    Kristian Søby Kristensen

    6. Caring for the ‘enemy’? Enacting the duty of care for Norwegians fighting for the Islamic State, Jabhat Al Nusra, and the Harakat Al Shabaab

    Stig Jarle Hansen

    7. The Duty of Care and deterritorialized citizenship: from governing citizenship to acts of citizenship

    Xavier Guillaume

    8. The Politics of Diasporas and the Duty of Care: Legitimizing interventions through the protection of kin

    Minda Holm

    9. Conclusion

    Kyle Grayson


    Nina Græger is Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) and was Adjunct Professor II in International Relations at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences from 2013 to 2017. Græger has published extensively on security, defence, international organisations, Nordic and Norwegian foreign policy and practice theory. Her work has appeared in Security Dialogue, Journal of Peace Research, Cooperation and Conflict, Cambridge Review of International Affairs, Journal of European Integration, The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, Global Change, Peace & Security and Global Affairs. She is the author of Norwegian Defence Policy. Territorial Defence and International Operations 1990-2015 (2016, in Norwegian) and co-editor of EU-NATO relations: Running on the Fumes of Informed Deconfliction (Routledge, 2019).

    Halvard Leira is Senior Research Fellow at the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI). He has published extensively in English and Norwegian on international political thought, historiography, foreign policy and diplomacy. His work has appeared in e.g. Review of International Studies, Millennium, Leiden Journal of International Law, International Studies Perspectives, The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, Global Society and Cooperation and Conflict. Leira is co-editor of International Diplomacy (2013) and History of International Relations (2015), and the forthcoming Routledge Handbook of Historical International Relations.