1st Edition

The Dynamics of Marginalized Youth Not in Education, Employment, or Training Around the World

    316 Pages 78 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    316 Pages 78 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book studies young people who are Not in Education, Employment, or Training (NEET); a prime concern among policymakers. Moving past common interpretations of NEETs as a homogeneous group, it asks why some youth become NEET, whereas other do not. The authors analyse diverse school-to-work patterns of young NEETs in five typical countries and investigate the role of individual characteristics, countries’ institutions and policies, and their complex interplay.

    Readers will come to understand youth marginalization as a process that may occur during the transition from school, vocational college, or university to work. By studying longitudinal analyses of processes and transitions, readers will gain the crucial insight that NEETs are not equally vulnerable, and that most NEETs will find their way back to the labour market. However, they will also see that in all countries, a group of long-term NEETs exists. These exceptionally vulnerable young people are sidelined from society and the labour market. The country cases and cross-national studies illustrate that policies intended to help long-term NEETs to find their way in society are very limited.

    The book provides useful theoretical and empirical insights for scholars interested in the school-to-work transition and marginalized youth. It also provides helpful insights in vulnerability to policymakers who aim to combat youth marginalization.

    The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

    1 Not in Employment, Education, or Training around the World

    Mark Levels, Christian Brzinsky-Fay, Craig Holmes, Janine Jongbloed, and Hirofumi Taki

    2 NEET during the School-to-Work Transition in the Netherlands

    Alexander Dicks and Mark Levels

    3 NEET in Germany: Labour Market Entry Patterns and Gender Differences

    Christian Brzinsky-Fay

    4 Patterns in NEET Statuses during the School-to-Work Transition in France

    Magali Danner, Jean-François Giret, Christine Guegnard, Janine Jongbloed and Olivier Joseph

    5 NEETs in England

    Craig Holmes, Liam Wright, Emily Murphy, Ken Mayhew, Ewart Keep and Sue Maguire

    6 NEET in Japan: Focusing on Gender and Cohort

    Mei Kagawa, Hirofumi Taki, Tomohiko Moriyama and Fumiaki Ojima

    7 Policy Interventions Targeting NEETs in Different Institutional Settings

    Sue Maguire, Mark Levels, Christian Brzinsky-Fay, Janine Jongbloed, and Hirofumi Taki

    8 The Role of Education Systems in Preventing NEETs

    Lynn Van Vugt, Rolf Van Der Velden, Mark Levels, and Christian Brzinsky-Fay

    9 Can Labour Market Policies Help to Reduce Long-Term NEETs?

    Lynn Van Vugt and Mark Levels

    10 How Long-Term NEET are Explained by Family Policies in OECD Countries

    Lynn Van Vugt, Mark Levels and Janine Jongbloed

    11 Conclusions and Discussion

    Janine Jongbloed, Mark Levels and Christian Brzinsky-Fay


    Mark Levels is Professor of Health, Education and Work at Maastricht University and Program Director at the Research Centre for Education and the Labor Market (ROA) and Fellow of the Berlin Social Science Centre (WZB).

    Christian Brzinsky-Fay is Research Fellow at the Berlin Social Science Center and Scientific Research Coordinator of the Doctoral College "Good Work: Approaches to Shaping Tomorrow's World of Work."

    Craig Holmes is a labour economist and Departmental Lecturer in Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford.

    Janine Jongbloed is a researcher at the Institute for Research on Education: Sociology and Economics of Education (IREDU) at the University of Burgundy in France and the University of British Columbia in Canada.

    Hirofumi Taki is Associate Professor of the Faculty of Social Sciences at Hosei University, Japan.