The English School
Its Architecture and Organization 1370-1870
Britain has a rich heritage of school buildings dating from the later Middle Ages to the present day. While some of these schools have attracted the attention of architectural historians, they have not previously been considered from the educational viewpoint. Even schools of little or no architectural interest are important sociologically, since the changing architecture of schools reflects changing ideas about how children should be educated and organized for teaching purposes. Documentary material relating to education is often fragmentary, and buildings may thus constitute the only real source of knowledge about the development of particular schools and can also throw light on general educational history. Originally published in 1971, this book is, therefore, not only a major contribution to architectural history but also a study in the development of educational ideas and practices from the fourteenth to the nineteenth century.
Table of Contents
List of Figures in the Text. List of Plates. Bibliographical Note and Abbreviations. Preface. 1. The Legacy of the Middle Ages 2. The New Schools of the Sixteenth Century 3. Town and Village Schools 1600–60 4. The Changing Grammar School 1600 – 60 5. Schools of the Restoration Period 1600 – 1700 6. Public and Private Schools in the Eighteenth Century 7. Schools for the Poor in the Eighteenth Century 8. The Building of Elementary Schools 1800 – 40 9. Tradition and Innovation in School Building 1800 – 40 10. Church Schools and State Intervention 1840 – 70 11. Middle-class Schools 1840 – 70 12. Conclusion. Appendix 1: Sample Survey: Leicestershire Elementary Schools with Plans in County Record Office, c. 1840 – 70. Appendix 2: Elementary Day Schools Illustrated in The Builder 1843–70. Appendix 3: (A) Middle-class Schools Illustrated in The Builder before 1870 (B) Middle-class Schools Illustrated in The Building News before 1870. The Plates. County List. Index.