Given the recent inertia in EU-Turkey relations in the midst of regional economic and political upheavals, Europeanization of Turkey takes a step back from the latest headlines to provide a comprehensive stocktaking of EU-inspired reform efforts in Turkey with an eye to understanding how effective or ineffective EU conditionality has been in making Turkey's key political institutions, actors and culture more compatible with European norms.
In addition to contributing to the theoretical literature on the differential effects of Europeanization on the domestic realm, this volume also expands the existing scope of research to include questions of how socialization through the accession process operates under high levels of uncertainty about the attainability of European Union membership. Applying a uniform analytical framework and the methodology of process tracing, the authors in this volume assess the nature and degree of change that has occurred in various dimensions of Turkish domestic polity and politics in the context of Turkey's post-1999 EU accession.
Engaging with important practical issues such as whether potential membership in the EU has brought about positive change, in which areas this change is manifest, and how significant this change has been, this book is an essential resource for students, scholars and researchers seeking to understand contemporary relations between the EU and Turkey.
Table of Contents
Part I: Introduction 1 Introduction: A Framework of Analysis for the Europeanization of Turkey – Ali Tekin 2 Perceptions and Europeanisation in Turkey before the EU Candidacy: an Overview of History – Atila Eralp & Zerrin Torun Part II: The State of Europeanization: Polity 3 Europeanization and Turkey's Constitutional Reform Process– Ergun Özbudun 4 The Organisation of Turkey's Central Executive for the EU – Defne Günay 5 The Europeanisation of the Turkish Parliament – Başak Yavçan & William T. Daniel 6 The Europeanisation of the Turkish Judiciary – Sanem Baykal 7 Europeanization of Civil-Military Relations in Turkey – Aylin Güney Part III: The State of Europeanization: Politics 8 Taking Stock of Europeanization of Civil Society in Turkey – Bahar Rumelili & Büke Bosnak 9 Europeanization and Political Parties in Turkey – Filiz Başkan Canyaş & Selin Bengi Gümrükçü 10 Turkish Islam's EU Quest – Dilek Yankaya 11 The State of Accession Europeanization: Kurdish Issue – Burcu Özdemir & Zeki Sarıgil 12 Political Culture - Burak Erdenir Part IV: Turkish Europeanization in a Comparative Perspective 13 Same Same or Different? Accession Europeanization in Central and Eastern Europe and Turkey Compared – Tanja A. Börzel, Diğdem Soyaltın, and Gözde Yılmaz 14 Different Paths to Democracy?: Accession in Europeanisation in Croatia and Turkey – Senem Aydın-Düzgit & Gergana NoutchevaPart V: Conclusion 15 Conclusion – Aylin Güney
Ali Tekin served as an MP in Turkey and was subsequently Professor and Vice Dean at Yaşar, JM Chair at Bilkent, and Visiting Scholar at Harvard. His research focuses on Turkish and European political economy. He has (co-)authored Geo-Politics of Euro-Asia Energy Nexus and numerous articles.
Aylin GÜNEY is Professor and Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences as well as Jean Monnet Chair at Yaşar University, Turkey. Her research interests focus on EU enlargement and she has authored many articles on EU-Turkey relations and Turkish politics.