U.S. congressional debates over the last few years have highlighted a paradox: although research demonstrates that emergencies are most effectively managed at the local level, fiscal support and programmatic management in response to disasters has shifted to the federal level. While the growing complexity of catastrophes may overwhelm local capacities and would seem to necessitate more federal engagement, can a federal approach be sustainable, and can it contribute to local capacity-building?
This timely book examines local capacity-building as well as the current legal, policy and fiscal framework for disaster management, questioning some of the fundamentals of the current system, exploring whether accountability and responsibilities are correctly placed, offering alternative models, and taking stock of the current practices that reflect an effective use of resources in a complex emergency management system. The Future of Disaster Management in the U.S. will be of interest to disaster and emergency managers as well as public servants and policy-makers at all levels tasked with responding to increasingly complex catastrophes of all kinds.
Chapter One: The Centralization of Emergency Management
Amy LePore, Ph.D.
Section 1: Legislation
Chapter Two: Intents and Outcomes for Local Businesses in Post-Disaster Contracting Under the Stafford Act
Christopher L. Atkinson, Ph.D.
Chapter Three: Revising Federal Disaster Management Policy: Establishing an Officer in Charge
Marc Landy, Ph.D. and Jessica Goley
Chapter Four: Assisting Individuals with Access and Functional Needs: The Intersection of Disabilities, Planning, and Disaster Policy
Melissa Pinke, Stacey Mann, Ph.D. and Elizabeth Todak
Section 2: Policy
Chapter Five: Local Recovery: How Robust Community Rebound Necessarily Comes from the Bottom Up
Emily Chamlee-Wright, Ph.D., Stefanie Haeffele-Balch, and Virgil Henry Storr, Ph.D.
Chapter Six: Small Businesses as a Vulnerable Population
Mark R. Landahl, Ph.D. and Tonya T. Neaves, Ph.D.
Chapter Seven: Managing Human Capital in Times of Crisis: The Role of Employees in Disaster Management
Stacey C. Mann, Ph.D. and Jonathan W. Gaddy
Section 3: Finance
Chapter Eight: Major Disasters and Private Financing
Chapter Nine: Financial Resiliency by Local Governments to Natural Disasters
Simon A. Andrew, Robert Bland, and Jesseca E. Short
Chapter Ten: The Effects of Natural Disasters on Local Government Finance
Orkhan Ismayilov and Simon A. Andrew