In this book, originally published in 1962, one of America’s most distinguished historians defines the scope and variety fo his field and out lines his views on history’s objectives both as a science and as an art. The book provides insight into historians’ methods of interpreting and presenting the past from Thucydides to twentieth century scholarship on Europe and America. It sets apart the different approaches to history – biographical, cultural, intellectual, geographical and political – illuminating the peculiar goals, problems and development of each discipline. It discusses the question of pre-history and its companion science, archaeology and spans the history of the collection and use of records.
1. A Proud Word for History 2. The Varieties of History 3. Primitive Materials for History 4. Modern Materials for History 5. The Cheating Document 6. The Dubious Document 7. Pilate on Evidence 8. Problems in History 9. Ideas in History 10. Man’s Home and His History 11. Sociologist, Economist and Historian 12. Biography and History 13. Literary Aspects of History 14. The Reading of History