This volume seeks to identify and explore the dynamics of global forces on the development of higher education in Asia, in particular, how neoliberalism has affected reforms on university governance and management in the region. It includes a set of country-specific studies on how various countries have responded to the dominant neoliberal ideology at the systemic, institutional, and process levels. The focus is on the relationship between the state and the universities, which is usually reflected in the degree of autonomy and accountability allowed in a particular higher education system. The selected countries are Cambodia, China, Indonesia, India, Japan, Malaysia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand. Each case study examines the establishment of corporatised or autonomous universities in the country focusing on (i) the acts, reports, and/or policies that led to such a move as well as the rationales behind the move; (ii) the changes in the governance and organisational structure of the universities, highlighting the kinds of autonomy that the universities have; (iii) the new management strategies, techniques, and practices that have been introduced to the university including the internal and external quality assurance mechanisms, and (iv) some of the tensions, conflicts, and acts of resistance that may have emerged.
List of contributors
1. Introduction (Molly N.N. Lee, Chang Da Wan, Hoe Yeong Loke)
2. Governance in ‘Public Administrative Institution’ Universities: Towards Public Autonomous Universities in Cambodia? (Say Sok, Leang Un, Rinna Bunry)
3. World-Class University Construction and Higher Education Governance Reform in China: A Policy Trajectory (Yannan Cao and Rui Yang)
4. Institutional autonomy and governance of Higher Education Institutions in India (N.V. Varghese and Garima Malik)
5. Autonomous Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia: Challenges and Potentials (Paulina Pannen, Aman Wirakartakusumah, Hadi Subhan)
6. National university reforms introduced by the Japanese government: University autonomy under fire? (Akiyoshi Yonezawa)
7. Governance and Management of Public Universities in Malaysia: A Tale of Two Universities (Chang Da Wan, Morshidi Sirat and Benedict Weerasena)
8. University Governance and Management in Singapore: The Case of the Singapore Institute of Management University (UNISIM) (Jason Tan )
9. Governance and Management under Transformation in Korean Higher Education: Perception Gaps between Senior Managers and Academics (Jung Cheol Shin and Yangson Kim)
10. Governance and Management of Universities in Thailand (Rattana Lao)
11. Conclusion: Reforms of University Governance and Management in Asia (Molly N.N. Lee, Chang Da Wan and Hoe Yeong Loke)
In Asia, schooling, teaching and learning are undergoing major changes as a consequence of wider economic, social, cultural and political movements. The success of some Asian countries in international education benchmarks has redirected attention to the region. This is counterbalanced by other countries that are struggling to educate their citizens in the midst of political instability, ideological and religious tensions, poverty and natural disasters. In spite of such broad differences across countries in Asia, pioneering and innovative research is being conducted that is of increasing interest to researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and governments worldwide.
The Routledge Critical Studies in Asian Education book series will examine key theoretical and empirical research on the changing institutional and cultural contexts of Asian education. The series aims to establish a strong platform for the critical discussion of educational practices and pedagogies in Asia, and is open to Asian and international researchers with a focus on the region. Interdisciplinary research is welcomed, including education, social sciences, psychology, organisational studies, economics, history, political science, cultural studies, and language and literacy.