The Political Economy of International Commodity Cartels
An Economic History of the European Timber Trade in the 1930s
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The Political Economy of International Commodity Cartels examines how international commodity cartels in the 1930s were impacted not only by commercial rivalry, but also by international trade political and diplomatic concerns.
This work presents the rise and decline of the European Timber Exporters’ Convention (ETEC) and analyses how firms navigated through the cartel game under increasing international competition, pressures from the national governments, and the interventionist endeavours of the League of Nations. Cartels are often associated in the standard economic interpretation as business collusion. However, in using vast archive sources and historical methodology, the chapters in this book shed light onto how international relations shaped cartels. The rise of British protectionism, the emergence of the Soviet Union as an industrial power, and the economic rapprochement of the League of Nations in the early 1930s created a wave of trade political and diplomatic challenges in the timber trading countries and affected cartelisation. Timber firms in the biggest producer countries - Finland and Sweden - were uninterested in international cartel collaboration, but under pressure joined the ETEC nevertheless.
This book makes a strong contribution to the fields of business history and cartel studies. It is an essential read for economic historians interested in how political pressure shaped international cartels, and how cartels became avenues of diplomacy.
Table of Contents
1. The timber problem
2. Commodity cartels and the League of Nations
3. Goodbye, League of Nations
4. Implementing international commodity cartel
Elina Kuorelahti received her PhD in 2018 and is currently working as a post-doctoral researcher on international commodity cartels and peace in the interwar period at the University of Helsinki, Finland.