1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Audio Description

Edited By Christopher Taylor, Elisa Perego Copyright 2022
    666 Pages 28 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

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    The American Council of the Blind (ACB) Recipient of the 2022 Dr. Margaret Pfanstiehl Audio Description Achievement Award for Research and Development

    This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the expanding field of audio description, the practice of rendering the visual elements of a multimodal product such as a film, painting, or live performance in the spoken mode, for the benefit principally of the blind and visually impaired community. This volume brings together scholars, researchers, practitioners and service providers, such as broadcasters from all over the world, to cover as thoroughly as possible all the theoretical and practical aspects of this discipline.

    In 38 chapters, the expert authors chart how the discipline has become established both as an important professional service and as a valid academic subject, how it has evolved and how it has come to play such an important role in media accessibility. From the early history of the subject through to the challenges represented by ever-changing technology, the Handbook covers the approaches and methodologies adopted to analyse the “multimodal” text in the constant search for the optimum selection of the elements to describe.

    This is the essential guide and companion for advanced students, researchers and audio description professionals within the more general spheres of translation studies and media accessibility.

    List of Illustrations

    List of Contributors



    1. The question of accessibility - Gian Maria Greco
    2. Access services for the blind and partially sighted: a social and legal framework for the promotion of audio description - Joan Bastard-Bou and Blanca Arias-Badia
    3. A profile of audio description end-users: linguistic needs and inclusivity – Elisa Perego and Christopher Taylor
    4. A cognitive approach to audio description: production and reception processes – Jana Holsanova
    5. Narratology and/in audio description – Gert Vercauteren
    6. Linguistic and textual aspects of audio description – Iwona Mazur
    7. Audio description and culture specific elements Anna Jankowska
    8. "Ut pictura poesis": the rendering of an aesthetic artistic image in form and content -Loretta Secchi
    9. Audio description for the theatre: a research-based practice – Aline Remael and Nina Reviers
    10. Opera and dance audio description – Joel Snyder and Esther Geiger
    11. Audio description for the screen - Maria Joaquina Valero Gisbert
    12. Museum audio description: the role of ADLAB PRO – Christopher Taylor and Elisa Perego
    13. Audio description in museums: a service provider perspective – Anna Fineman and Matthew Cock
    14. Visitor studies: the impact of inclusive museum audio description experiences – Rachel Hutchinson and Alison Eardley
    15. Audio describing churches: in search of a template – Ralph Pacinotti
    16. The audio description professional: a sociological overview and new training perspectives – Elisa Perego
    17. Audio description: a public broadcaster’s core business and headache – Gunter Saerens, Tine Deboosere and Jan-Willem Van Hoof
    18. Profiling audio description service providers: a questionnaire-based snapshot – Irene Hermosa-Ramirez
    19. Research in audio description – Nazaret Fresno
    20. Audio Description Software – Vincenza Minutella
    21. Receptor Tools - Wojciech Figiel and Kamila Albin
    22. Artificial Voices - Agnieszka Walczak and Gonzalo Iturregui Gallardo
    23. Video games and audio description – Carme Mangiron and Xiaochun Zhang
    24. Automating audio description – Sabine Braun and Kim Starr
    25. Audio description personalisation – Pilar Orero
    26. Audio introductions – Pablo Romero-Fresco
    27. Audio subtitling – Anna Matamala
    28. Audio description translation: a retrospective – Estella Oncins
    29. Audio description translation: a pilot study Chinese/Spanish – Yuchen Liu and Irene Tor-Carroggio
    30. Audio description for the non-blind – Kim Starr
    31. University training – Agnieszka Chmiel
    32. In-house training: the course at Bayerischer Rundfunk . Bernd Benecke
    33. Audio description in the United States – Joel Snyder
    34. Audio description in Canada – Rebecca Singh
    35. Audio description in Australia – Kari Seeley
    36. Audio description in Russia – Ivan Borschevsky and Alexey Kozulyaev
    37. Audio description in Brazil – Eliana Franco and Vera Lucia Santiago Araujo
    38. Audio description in Slovenia – Mateja Vodeb and Veronika Rot



    Christopher Taylor is Full Professor (retired) of English Language and Translation at the University of Trieste, Italy.  He is author of Language to Language (CUP, 2000) and more than eighty articles on general translation, audiovisual translation and audio description.

    Elisa Perego is Associate Professor of English Language and Translation at the University of Trieste, Italy. She is author of Accessible communication: A cross-country journey, and numerous articles on audiovisual translation, audio description, and language simplification.

    "Spanning the breadth of audio-descriptive applications, this rich compendium shows that AD has finally come of age and is no longer the Cinderella of AVT. This book will be invaluable to anyone interested in accessibility, particularly researchers in AVT."

    Dr Louise Fryer, audio describer and independent researcher