1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

    636 Pages 26 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Language Policy and Planning is a comprehensive and authoritative survey, including original contributions from leading senior scholars and rising stars to provide a basis for future research in language policy and planning in international, national, regional, and local contexts.

    The Handbook approaches language policy as public policy that can be studied through the policy cycle framework. It offers a systematic and research-informed view of actual processes and methods of design, implementation, and evaluation.

    With a substantial introduction, 38 chapters and an extensive bibliography, this Handbook is an indispensable resource for all decision makers, students, and researchers of language policy and planning within linguistics and cognate disciplines such as public policy, economics, political science, sociology, and education.

    List of Contributors

    1. Language policy and planning: from theory to practice (Michele Gazzola, François Grin, Linda Cardinal and Kathleen Heugh)

    3. The historical development of language policy and planning (Leigh Oakes)
    4. Language policy and planning: terms of engagement (John Edwards)
    5. Language-competition models (Torsten Templin and Bengt-Arne Wickström)

      Stage 1 – The emergence of language-related issues

    7. Language policy and planning and the role of the state (Rémi Léger)
    8. Language, belonging, and citizenship (Peter A. Kraus)
    9. Language policy, planning and mobilisation in post-colonial civil societies (Kathleen Heugh)
    10. Language and territory (Virginie Mamadouh)
    11. Languages, the labour market, and trade (Gilles Grenier and Weiguo Zhang)
    12. The economics of language policy and planning (Bengt-Arne Wickström and Michele Gazzola)
    13. More than one language: cognitive perspectives and implications for language policy (Mirta Vernice and Antonella Sorace)
    14. Stage 2 – The politics of language and agenda setting

    15. Power and the politics of language (Selma K. Sonntag)
    16. Language policy and discourse in the public sphere: the discursive construction of language and multilingualism as policy objects (Jaffer Sheyholislami and Rachelle Vassey)
    17. Inter-group relations and attitudes: conceptualization, measurement, and relevance for language policy and planning (Guillaume Fürst)
    18. Stage 3 – Policy formulation and adoption

    19. Language policy design and programme theory (François Grin)
    20. Language policy instruments (Linda Cardinal)
    21. Costs and benefits of language policy: how to measure them (François Vaillancourt)
    22. Governance, complexity, and multi-level language policy and planning (Huw Lewis and Elin Royles)
    23. Language rights and protection of linguistic minorities: international legal instruments, their development and implementation (Roberta Medda-Windischer and Sergiu Constantin)
    24. Stage 4 – Implementation and monitoring

    25. Principles for language policy implementation (Helaina Gaspard)
    26. Language policy implementation from an interactive governance perspective (Sebastian Godenhjelm)
    27. Indicators in language policy and planning (Michele Gazzola and Gabriele Iannàccaro)
    28. Stage 5 – Evaluation

    29. Quantitative methods in language policy and planning: statistical measurement and identification of causal patterns (Antonio di Paolo)
    30. Qualitative methods in language policy and planning: ethnographic monitoring (Teresa L. McCarty and Kyle Halle-Erby)

    32. Official multilingualism (Nenad Stojanović)
    33. Minority language protection and promotion (Brian Ó Curnáin and Conchúr Ó Giollagáin)
    34. Reclaiming indigenous languages (Carlos Sánchez Avendaño)
    35. International and supranational organisations (Lisa J. McEntee-Atalianis)
    36. Multilingual cities (Ingrid Gogolin and Sarah McMonagle)
    37. Language education policies: the role of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (Cinzia Colaiuda)
    38. Language policy, literacy, and multilingualism (Joseph Lo Bianco)
    39. Language policy in higher education (Maria Teresa Zanola)
    40. Public services and translation policy (Reine Meylaerts)
    41. Language policy and regulation in the old and new media (Tarlach McGonagle and Tom Moring)
    42. Language policy and linguistic landscape (Stefaan van der Jeught)
    43. Sign languages and language policy (Timothy Reagan)
    44. Planned languages (Sabine Fiedler)
    45. Transnational agencies and national language policy and planning in multilingual Africa (H. Ekkehard Wolff)
    46. Language policies and integration in the labour market and society in Europe (Katalin Buzási)



    Michele Gazzola is Lecturer in Public Policy and Administration at Ulster University, Belfast, United Kingdom, and co-director of the Centre for Public Administration at the same university. His research focuses on the analysis of language policy, and on the economic and social aspects of multilingualism. He is editor of Language Problems & Language Planning.

    François Grin is a Full Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. He has published widely on interdisciplinary approaches to language policy design and evaluation and has steered major national and international research projects in this area. He is Editor-in-Chief of Language Problems & Language Planning.

    Linda Cardinal is Professor and Associate Vice-President of Research at the Université de l’Ontario français, Toronto, Canada. She is also Emeritus Professor of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa. Her research interests include language regimes and policies, Canadian language politics, citizenship debates, and minorities.

    Kathleen Heugh is Professor of Language Education and Multilingualism, UniSA Education Futures at the University of South Australia. She is a socio-applied linguist specialising in language policy and planning in Africa, Asia, and Australia. Her research includes system-wide and multicountry studies of multilingual education and fieldwork in remote and post-conflict contexts among displaced and marginalised communities.

    'This fascinating and comprehensive handbook offers an authoritative state of the art overview of language policy and planning, its main features, diverse implementation and associated complications. The editors have skilfully woven a narrative which interprets the five stages of a language policy cycle from an interdisciplinary perspective while the distinguished contributors present a refreshing range of material and approaches drawn from a wide variety of international, largely democratic contexts ranging from the global to the local, together with case study chapters which illustrate the complexity of language policy implementation. This is an excellent resource which will repay consistent and regular reading as much for its insights into the policy process as for its evidence-based interpretations.'

    Colin H. Williams, Honorary Professor of Welsh at Cardiff University, UK

    'This Handbook offers a comprehensive, multidimensional, and multidisciplinary treatment of language policy and planning (LPP). The Handbook’s central, innovating, contribution is to consider LPP as a policy field, and to analyze it using the model of the policy process. In doing so, it situates LPP squarely within the realm of government action, emphasizing agency and concrete manifestations of political power.'

    André Lecours, Full Professor, School of Political Science, University of Ottawa, and Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada

    'A brave, well-informed and rigorous work that proves that, when analyzing language policies, the perspective of public policy is (also) essential – because, in addition to being fair and democratic, language policies must also be effective and efficient.'

    Prof. F. Xavier Vila i Moreno, Secretary for Language Policy, Government of Catalonia, Spain

    'This comprehensive handbook provides an outstanding overview of important issues surrounding language policy and planning. Taken from a broad geographical base, this remarkable collection of chapters reflects the true interdisciplinary nature of LPP research and provides a timely, state-of-the-art contribution to the existing literature. Given its clear and meaningful structure, this impressive volume is highly reader-friendly and is a brilliant source for academics, students, practitioners and anyone else who has an interest in language policy matters.'

    Tobias Schroedler, Assistant Professor of Multilingualism and Social Inclusion, The University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany

    'Four accomplished editors from different disciplines have assembled an array of scholars collectively to produce a handbook that is extraordinary in its utility and coherence. Moving beyond description or advocacy, this volume offers both theoretical explanation and practical policy guidance. Tightly organized around the policy making cycle, it is ambitious in its scope. It provides tremendous insights about agenda-setting and implementation, skillfully weaving in a nuanced understanding about the role of ideas, the centrality of the state, as well as the agency of particular actors. This volume is highly useful for scholars, policymakers and concerned citizens, supplying guidance in policy formulation, adoption and implementation. Rather than a succession of isolated chapters, it is a truly integrated analysis of the stages of the policy process that produce language outcomes.'

    Ericka Albaugh, Associate Professor of Government, Bowdoin College, USA

    'The uniqueness of The Routledge Handbook of Language Policy and Planning is that it approaches LPP from an innovative and interdisciplinary angle. It is designed for a much wider readership than conventional LPP scholars, expanding both the research field at large and locus of responsibility for LPP. The editors’ purpose is to include peers from a broad range of disciplines as well as practitioners and even concerned citizens. In this sense it differs rather radically from similar books in the field.'

    Theo du Plessis, Professor Emeritus in Language Management, Department of South African Sign Language and Deaf Studies, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

    'The Handbook offers an impressive overview of the field of Language Policy and Planning, covering the foundations of LLP, the five stages of the Language Policy Cycle and a rich variety of case studies. Through an interdisciplinary and transcontinental approach attention is given to specific languages, such as minority languages and sign language, languages in public spheres (official multilingualism and public services, media, education), in specific levels of governance (state, local, international) and regions (Africa, Europe). The editors undoubtedly achieve their goal of providing an incredible resource for scholars, decision-makers and citizens alike.'

    Kristin Henrard, Professor International Law, at the Brussels School of Governance, Belgium