1st Edition

The Routledge Handbook of Plurilingual Language Education

    534 Pages 15 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Routledge Handbook of Plurilingual Language Education is the first comprehensive publication on plurilingualism, offering a multidimensional reflection on the nature, scope, and potential of plurilingualism in language education and society.

    Authored by a range of internationally recognized experts, the Handbook provides an overview of key perspectives on plurilingualism in a complementary range of fields. After a comprehensive introduction to the concept itself, 24 chapters are organized in six parts, each examining plurilingualism through a different lens. The Handbook spans historical, philosophical, and sociological dimensions, examines cognitive and neuroscientific implications, and the limitations of boundaries before moving to a pragmatic perspective: How is plurilingual language education developing in different contexts around the world? How can it contribute to language revitalization? How can it be expected to develop in education, digital spaces, and society as a whole?

    Written for an international audience, this handbook is an indispensable reference tool for scholars in education and applied linguistics, educators, graduate and post-graduate students, and policy makers.

    List of Contributors


    An Introduction to Plurilingualism and This Handbook

    Enrica Piccardo, Aline Germain-Rutherford, and Geoff Lawrence

    Summaries of Chapters in the Handbook


    PART I

    Historical Perspectives on Plurilingualism

    Edited by Brian North

    1 Promoting Plurilingualism and Plurilingual Education: A European Perspective

    Georges Lüdi

    2 Plurilingualism and the Tangled Web of Lingualisms

    Steve Marshall

    3 The Mediated Nature of Plurilingualism

    Enrica Piccardo

    4 Cosmopolitanism and Plurilingual Traditions: Learning from South Asian and Southern African Practices of Intercultural Communication

    Shakil Rabbi and Suresh Canagarajah

    Part I: Critical Friend Response

    Danièle Moore



    Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives

    Edited by Brian Morgan and Ian Martin

    5 Language, Languaging, Plurilanguaging: Considerations on the Nature of Language and Language Education

    Waldemar Martyniuk

    6 Evaluating Theoretical Constructs Underlying Plurilingual Pedagogies: The Role of Teachers as Knowledge-Generators and Agents of Language Policy

    Jim Cummins

    7 Latin American Postcolonial Approaches to Plurilingualism: The Mexican Experience

    Colette Despagne

    8 Linguistic Hybridity and Global Mobility

    Stephen Bahry

    Part II: Critical Friend Response

    Bonny Norton



    The Plurilingual Individual: Cognition and Socialization

    Edited by Claudia Maria Riehl

    9 Neuroscience and Plurilingual Education: Trends for a Research Agenda

    Claudia Maria Riehl

    10 The Cognitive and Psychological Dimensions of Plurilingualism

    Thomas H. Bak and Dina Mehmedbegovic-Smith

    11 A Sociocognitive Theory for Plurilingualism: Complex Dynamic Systems Theory

    Diane Larsen-Freeman and Elka Todeva

    12 Plurilingual Creativity: A New Framework for Research in Plurilingual and Creative Practices

    Anatoliy V. Kharkhurin

    Part III: Critical Friend Response

    Isabel Capron Puozzo



    Negotiating Boundaries: Plurilingual Expression

    Edited by Bernd Rüschoff

    13 Questioning Human and Material Boundaries in Plurilingual Identity Construction

    Diane Dagenais, Geneviève Brisson, Magali Forte, and Gwénaëlle André

    14 Social Sciences’ Last Hope: Giving Plurilingualism a Chance?

    Jean-Claude Barbier

    15 Online Plurilingual Interaction: Identity Construction and Development of Plurilingual Competence in Students and Teachers: A Focus on Intercomprehension

    Maria Helena Araújo e Sá and Sílvia Melo-Pfeifer

    16 What Can Theatre Contribute to Plurilingual Education?

    Joëlle Aden

    Part IV: Critical Friend Response

    Jonas Erin


    PART V

    Plurilingualism, Pluriculturalism, and Practices in Language Education

    Edited by Aline Germain-Rutherford and Geoff Lawrence

    17 Plurilingual Mediation in the Classroom: Examples from Practice

    Brian North

    18 Intercomprehension: Strengths and Opportunities of a Pluralistic Approach

    Maddalena De Carlo and Sandra Garbarino

    19 Language Assessment in the Context of Plurilingualism

    Nick Saville and Graham Seed

    20 A Multi-Perspective Tour of Best Practices

    Perspective 1: Plurilingual Education in Europe: Contexts, Initiatives and Ongoing Challenges

    Emilee Moore and Mercè Bernaus

    Perspective 2: Challenges to Implementing Best Practices in Complex Plurilingual Environments: The Case of South Asia

    Shelley K. Taylor and Ajit K. Mohanty

    Perspective 3: Plurilingualism in Southern Africa

    Medadi E. Ssentanda and Bonny Norton

    Perspective 4: Plurilingual Possibilities in the US: Beyond Translanguaging with Minoritized Bilinguals to Critical Multilingual Language Awareness for All Learners

    Gail Prasad

    Perspective 5: Plurilingual Teachers in a Monolingual Disguise: Linguistic Landscapes and Language Pedagogy in Two Brazilian Language Programmes

    Angelica Galante

    Perspective 6: Plurilingual Practices: A Canadian Perspective

    Marie-Paule Lory

    Perspective 7: Plurilingual Perspectives in Australian Education

    Sue Ollerhead and Julie Choi

    Part V: Critical Friend Response

    Angel M. Y. Lin


    The Potential Future of Plurilingualism

    Edited by Shelley Taylor and Enrica Piccardo

    21 Language Revitalization as a Plurilingual Endeavour

    Robert Elliott

    22 Plurilingualism in Digital Spaces

    Jérémie Séror

    23 Examining the Nature and Potential of Plurilingual Language Education: Towards a Seven-Step Plurilingual Language Education Framework

    Nathalie Auger

    24 The Ongoing Role of the CEFR in Our Plurilingual Landscape

    Bernd Rüschoff

    Part VI: Critical Friend Response

    Michele Gazzola





    Enrica Piccardo is Professor of Language Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto and Director of the CERLL Research Centre. Co-author of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) Companion Volume (Council of Europe, 2020), she has coordinated international research projects in Canada and Europe. Her research spans language teaching approaches/curricula, multi/plurilingualism, creativity, and complexity in language education.

    Aline Germain-Rutherford is Professor in the Faculty of Education at the University of Ottawa. Her research interests include faculty development, second language pedagogy, speech technology, and the integration of active pedagogy into online learning practices. She is the recipient of the 3M National Teaching Fellow Award, a Canadian award for excellence and leadership in higher education.

    Geoff Lawrence is Associate Professor in Applied Linguistics and English Language Teaching at York University, in Toronto, Canada. His research and publications focus on technology-mediated, intercultural, and plurilingual approaches in language teaching and teacher education.

    "This is an important and timely contribution, exploring comprehensively the significance, reach, and influence of plurilingualism, conceptually, geographically, and pedagogically. It highlights how a theoretical concept with its genesis in Europe can further inform and expand those sociolinguistic and applied linguistic fields worldwide which focus on language plurality as their starting point. Read it."

    Stephen May, University of Auckland, New Zealand.


    "This comprehensive volume is an outstanding contribution to the study of plurilingualism and plurilingual education. It is an excellent resource for scholars and for all those interested in how to value plurilingual repertoires and how to consider linguistic and cultural diversity as an asset."

    Jasone Cenoz, University of the Basque Country, Spain.


    "This collection of insights into plurilingual education presents a significant contribution for all interested in plurilingual education, multilingualism, language teaching and language learning in general. It summarizes the state-of-the-art of contemporary knowledge in an extraordinary variety of topics and thereby gives evidence of the multifaceted nature of the fairly new domain. This indispensable resource will certainly open up new research avenues in the field of language pedagogy in its relation to the dynamics and complexity of pluri- and multilingualism."

    Ulrike Jessner, University of Innsbruck, Austria and University of Pannonia, Hungary.


    "Plurilingualism is a phenomenon whose significance has become more evident, and analysed, in the contemporary world, and one of which educators must take into account. With contributions from authoritative scholars, this handbook provides the foundation on which new educational practices and outcomes can be constructed. It is a volume for every language professional and educators’ library." 

    Michael Byram, University of Durham, UK.


    "This much needed handbook consolidates theories, philosophies and practices around plurilingualism in education from different disciplinary, cultural and geographical angles. An essential companion for researchers, educators and teacher educators!"

    Gabriela Meier, University of Exeter, UK.