The Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia  book cover
1st Edition

The Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia

ISBN 9781032338460
Published June 13, 2022 by Routledge
496 Pages

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Book Description

This must-have handbook offers a comprehensive survey of the field. It reviews the language education policies of Asia, encompassing 30 countries sub-divided by regions, namely East, Southeast, South and Central Asia, and considers the extent to which these are being implemented and with what effect.

The most recent iteration of language education policies of each of the countries is described and the impact and potential consequence of any change is critically considered. Each country chapter provides a historical overview of the languages in use and language education policies, examines the ideologies underpinning the language choices, and includes an account of the debates and controversies surrounding language and language education policies, before concluding with some predictions for the future.

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors

Part 1: Overview
1. Language education policy in Asia: An overview
Andy Kirkpatrick and Anthony J. Liddicoat
2. Minority Language Learning in Mainland Southeast Asia
David Bradley
3. L1-based multilingual education in the Asia and Pacific region and beyond: Where are we, and where do we need to go?
Carol Benson

Part 2: Asia
4. Language Policies in Education in the People’s Republic of China
Anwei Feng and Bob Adamson
5. Language education policy in Hong Kong
Anita Y.K. Poon
6. Educational Language Policy in Macau: Finding balance between Chinese, English and Portuguese
Andrew Moody
7. Language education policy in Japan
Nobuyuki Honna and Junko Saruhashi
8. Language Education Policies in South Korea
Jihyeon Jeon
9. Language education policy in North Korea
Jae Jung Song
10. Mongolia: Language Education Policy
Phillip Marzluf and Myagmar Saruul-Erdene
11. Language education policy in Taiwan
Li-ying Wu and Ken Lau

Part 3: South-East Asia
12. Language-in-Education Policy Development in the Philippines
Catherine Young and Tony Igcalinos
13. Language education policy in Vietnam
Xuan Nhat Chi Mai Nguyen and Van Huy Nguyen
14. Lao Language Policy
Cliff Meyers
15. Language education policy in Cambodia
Kimmo Kosonen
16. Language education policy in Thailand
John Draper
17. Language Policy in Myanmar
Patrick McCormick
18. Malaysia’s Complex Language Policy Journey via Bahasa Melayu and English
Saran Kaur Gil and Azianura Hani Shaari
19. Language Education Policy: Singapore
Ritu Jain and Lionel Wee
20. Language education policy in Indonesia –a struggle for unity in diversity
Michelle Kohler
21. Postcolonial language-in-education policy in globalised times: The case of Timor-Leste
Kerry Taylor-Leech
22. Language Policy and Practice in Brunei Darussalam
Noor Azam Haji-Othman, James McLellan and Gary Jones

Part 4: South Asia
23. Language policy in education in India
Ajit K. Mohanty
24. Language Education Policy and Inequalities of Multilingualism in Nepal: Ideologies, Histories and Updates
Prem Phyak and Laxmi Prasad Ojha
25. Language Policy in Bhutan
Lhundup Dukpa
26. Mother Tongue Education Policy in Pakistan
Tariq Rahman
27. Language in education policy in Bangladesh: A neoliberal turn?
M. Obaidul Hamid and Arifa Rahman
28. Language Education Policy in Sri Lanka
Indika Liyanage
29. From a monolingual to a multilingual nation: Analysing the language education policy in the Maldives
Naashia Mohamed

Part 5: Central Asia
30. Language education policy in Afghanistan
Brian Spooner and Senzil Nawid
31. Language Planning and Language Policy in Kazakhstan
Timothy Reagan
32. Language-in-education policy in the Central Asian republics of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Anthony J. Liddicoat.



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Andy Kirkpatrick is Professor in the Department of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences at Griffith University, Australia.

Anthony J. Liddicoat is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom.


'It can be a difficult task to keep up with the rapid changes in language education policy as Asian nations try their best to balance preservation of their own languages and adding proficiency in other languages as demanded by the globalized market. This new handbook, edited by two scholars with long experience in the field and with chapters written by local experts, is exactly the resource you need to navigate this everchanging area. It is a significant addition to the literature on the topic.' - Bernard Spolsky, Professor Emeritus, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

'Choices in language education policy in Asia are remarkably complex.  The region contains the most linguistically diverse societies on earth, enriched by ancient and validated literary traditions and dozens of scripts and orthographic traditions.  This Handbook will be an invaluable intellectual and practical resource for researchers, teachers, policy makers and community members.  It is an impressive effort with a comprehensive coverage of countries and geographic regions, language education policy types and their effects.' - Joseph Lo Bianco, Professor of Language and Literacy Education, University of Melbourne, Australia