The Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Routledge International Handbook of Language Education Policy in Asia

1st Edition

Edited by Andy Kirkpatrick, Anthony J. Liddicoat


484 pages

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Hardback: 9781138955608
pub: 2019-04-15
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315666235
pub: 2019-04-17
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This must-have handbook offers a comprehensive survey of the field. It reviews the language education policies of Asia, encompassing 30 countries sub-divided by regions, namely East, Southeast, South and Central Asia, and considers the extent to which these are being implemented and with what effect.

The most recent iteration of language education policies of each of the countries is described and the impact and potential consequence of any change is critically considered. Each country chapter provides a historical overview of the languages in use and language education policies, examines the ideologies underpinning the language choices, and includes an account of the debates and controversies surrounding language and language education policies, before concluding with some predictions for the future.


'It can be a difficult task to keep up with the rapid changes in language education policy as Asian nations try their best to balance preservation of their own languages and adding proficiency in other languages as demanded by the globalized market. This new handbook, edited by two scholars with long experience in the field and with chapters written by local experts, is exactly the resource you need to navigate this everchanging area. It is a significant addition to the literature on the topic.' - Bernard Spolsky, Professor Emeritus, Bar-Ilan University, Israel

'Choices in language education policy in Asia are remarkably complex. The region contains the most linguistically diverse societies on earth, enriched by ancient and validated literary traditions and dozens of scripts and orthographic traditions. This Handbook will be an invaluable intellectual and practical resource for researchers, teachers, policy makers and community members. It is an impressive effort with a comprehensive coverage of countries and geographic regions, language education policy types and their effects.' - Joseph Lo Bianco, Professor of Language and Literacy Education, University of Melbourne, Australia

Table of Contents

Notes on contributors

Part 1: Overview

1. Language education policy in Asia: An overview

Andy Kirkpatrick and Anthony J. Liddicoat

2. Minority Language Learning in Mainland Southeast Asia

David Bradley

3. L1-based multilingual education in the Asia and Pacific region and beyond: Where are we, and where do we need to go?

Carol Benson

Part 2: Asia

4. Language Policies in Education in the People’s Republic of China

Anwei Feng and Bob Adamson

5. Language education policy in Hong Kong

Anita Y.K. Poon

6. Educational Language Policy in Macau: Finding balance between Chinese, English and Portuguese

Andrew Moody

7. Language education policy in Japan

Nobuyuki Honna and Junko Saruhashi

8. Language Education Policies in South Korea

Jihyeon Jeon

9. Language education policy in North Korea

Jae Jung Song

10. Mongolia: Language Education Policy

Phillip Marzluf and Myagmar Saruul-Erdene

11. Language education policy in Taiwan

Li-ying Wu and Ken Lau

Part 3: South-East Asia

12. Language-in-Education Policy Development in the Philippines

Catherine Young and Tony Igcalinos

13. Language education policy in Vietnam

Xuan Nhat Chi Mai Nguyen and Van Huy Nguyen

14. Lao Language Policy

Cliff Meyers

15. Language education policy in Cambodia

Kimmo Kosonen

16. Language education policy in Thailand

John Draper

17. Language Policy in Myanmar

Patrick McCormick

18. Malaysia’s Complex Language Policy Journey via Bahasa Melayu and English

Saran Kaur Gil and Azianura Hani Shaari

19. Language Education Policy: Singapore

Ritu Jain and Lionel Wee

20. Language education policy in Indonesia –a struggle for unity in diversity

Michelle Kohler

21. Postcolonial language-in-education policy in globalised times: The case of Timor-Leste

Kerry Taylor-Leech

22. Language Policy and Practice in Brunei Darussalam

Noor Azam Haji-Othman, James McLellan and Gary Jones

Part 4: South Asia

23. Language policy in education in India

Ajit K. Mohanty

24. Language Education Policy and Inequalities of Multilingualism in Nepal: Ideologies, Histories and Updates

Prem Phyak and Laxmi Prasad Ojha

25. Language Policy in Bhutan

Lhundup Dukpa

26. Mother Tongue Education Policy in Pakistan

Tariq Rahman

27. Language in education policy in Bangladesh: A neoliberal turn?

M. Obaidul Hamid and Arifa Rahman

28. Language Education Policy in Sri Lanka

Indika Liyanage

29. From a monolingual to a multilingual nation: Analysing the language education policy in the Maldives

Naashia Mohamed

Part 5: Central Asia

30. Language education policy in Afghanistan

Brian Spooner and Senzil Nawid

31. Language Planning and Language Policy in Kazakhstan

Timothy Reagan

32. Language-in-education policy in the Central Asian republics of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Anthony J. Liddicoat.


About the Editors

Andy Kirkpatrick is Professor in the Department of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences at Griffith University, Australia.

Anthony J. Liddicoat is Professor in Applied Linguistics at the University of Warwick, United Kingdom.

About the Series

Routledge International Handbooks

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
EDUCATION / Bilingual Education
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / Sociolinguistics