1st Edition

The Routledge International Handbook of Universities, Security and Intelligence Studies

Edited By Liam Gearon Copyright 2020
    568 Pages
    by Routledge

    568 Pages
    by Routledge

    In an era of intensified international terror, universities have been increasingly drawn into an arena of locating, monitoring and preventing such threats, forcing them into often covert relationships with the security and intelligence agencies. With case studies from across the world, the Routledge International Handbook of Universities, Security and Intelligence Studies provides a comparative, in-depth analysis of the historical and contemporary relationships between global universities, national security and intelligence agencies.

    Written by leading international experts and from multidisciplinary perspectives, the Routledge International Handbook of Universities, Security and Intelligence Studies provides theoretical, methodological and empirical definition to academic, scholarly and research enquiry at the interface of higher education, security and intelligence studies.

    Divided into eight sections, the Handbook explores themes such as:

    • the intellectual frame for our understanding of the university-security-intelligence network;
    • historical, contemporary and future-looking interactions from across the globe;
    • accounts of individuals who represent the broader landscape between universities and the security and intelligence agencies;
    • the reciprocal interplay of personnel from universities to the security and intelligence agencies and vice versa;

    • the practical goals of scholarship, research and teaching of security and intelligence both from within universities and the agencies themselves;
    • terrorism research as an important dimension of security and intelligence within and beyond universities;

    • the implication of security and intelligence in diplomacy, journalism and as an element of public policy;

    • the extent to which security and intelligence practice, research and study far exceeds the traditional remit of commonly held notions of security and intelligence.

    Bringing together a unique blend of leading academic and practitioner authorities on security and intelligence, the Routledge International Handbook of Universities, Security and Intelligence Studies is an essential and authoritative guide for researchers and policymakers looking to understand the relationship between universities, the security services and the intelligence community.


    Liam Francis Gearon

    Part I

    Universities, Security and Intelligence Studies:

    An Academic Cartography

    Liam Francis Gearon

    Chapter 1

    The University-Security-Intelligence Nexus:

    Four Domains

    Liam Francis Gearon

    Part II

    Universities, Security, Intelligence:

    National Contexts, International Settings

    United States of America

    Chapter 2

    American Universities, the CIA, and the Teaching of National Security Intelligence

    Loch K. Johnson

    Chapter 3

    The FBI, Cyber-Security and American Campuses:

    Academia, Government, and Industry as Allies in Cybersecurity Effectiveness

    Kevin Powers and James Burns

    United Kingdom

    Chapter 4

    ‘What was needed were copyists, filers, and really intelligent men of capacity’:

    British Signals Intelligence and the Universities, 1914-1992

    John R. Ferris

    Chapter 5

    Datafication and Universities:

    The Convergence of Spies, Scholars and Science

    Richard J. Aldrich and Melina J. Dobson

    Canada and the Commonwealth

    Chapter 6

    The Relationship between Intelligence and the Academy in Canada

    Angela Gendron


    Chapter 7

    ‘I would remind you that NATO is not a university’:

    Navigating the Challenges and Legacy of NATO Economic Intelligence

    Adrian Kendry

    Continental Europe

    Chapter 8

    Understanding the Relationships between Academia and National Security Intelligence in the European Context

    Rubén Arcos

    Chapter 9

    The German Foreign Intelligence Agency (BND):

    Publicly Addressing a Clandestine History

    Bodo Hechelhammer


    Chapter 10

    The Figure of the Traitor in the Chekist Cosmology

    Julie FedorChapter 11

    How Russia Trains Its Spies:

    The Past and Present of Russian Intelligence Education

    Filip Kovacevic


    Chapter 12

    The Chinese Intelligence Service

    Nigel Inkster

    Part III

    Espionage and the Academy:

    Spy Stories

    Chapter 13

    The Cambridge Spy Ring:

    The Mystery of Wilfrid Mann

    Andrew Lownie Chapter 14

    John Gordon Coates PhD DSO (1918-2006)

    Conscientious Objector, Interrogator, Intelligence Officer, Commando, Saboteur, Spy…Academic

    Paddy Hayes

    Part IV

    Spies, Scholars and the Study of Intelligence

    Chapter 15

    The Oxford Intelligence Group

    Gwilym Hughes

    Chapter 16

    A Missing Dimension No Longer:

    Intelligence Studies, Professor Christopher Andrew, and the University of Cambridge

    Daniel Larsen

    Part V

    University Security and Intelligence Studies:

    Research and Scholarship, Teaching and Ethics

    Chapter 17

    What Do We Teach When We Teach Intelligence Ethics?

    David Omand and Mark Phythian

    Chapter 18

    Secret and Ethically Sensitive Research

    Joanna Kidd

    Chapter 19

    Intelligent Studies:

    Degrees in Intelligence and the Intelligence Community

    Scott Parsons

    Chapter 20

    Experimenting with Intelligence Education:

    Overcoming Design Challenges in Multidisciplinary Intelligence Analysis Programs

    Stephen Marrin and Sophie Victoria Cienski

    Part VI

    Security, Intelligence, and Securitization Theory:

    Comparative and International Terrorism Research

    Chapter 21

    The Epistemologies of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism Research

    Quassim Cassam

    Chapter 22

    Dynamics of Securitization:

    An Analysis of Universities’ Engagement with the Prevent Legislation

    Lynn Schneider

    Chapter 23

    Comparative Perspectives on Intelligence and the Management of Radicalisation and Extremism in Universities in Asia and Africa

    David Johnson

    Part VII

    Universities, Security and Secret Intelligence

    Diplomatic, Journalistic and Policy Perspectives

    Chapter 24

    Between Lucky Jim and George Smiley:

    The Public Policy Role of Intelligence Scholars

    Robert Dover and Michael S. Goodman

    Chapter 25

    But What Do You Want It For?

    Secret Intelligence and the Foreign Policy Practitioner

    Claire Smith

    Chapter 26

    Intelligence Recruitment in 1945 and ‘Peculiar Personal Characteristics’

    Michael Herman

    Chapter 27

    ‘Men of the Professor Type’ Revisited:

    Building a Partnership between Academic Research and National Security

    Tristram Riley-Smith

    Chapter 28

    Open Source Intelligence:

    Academic Research, Journalism or Spying?

    Chris Westcott

    Chapter 29


    Why universities modelling the impact of nuclear war in the 1980s could not change the views of the security state

    John Preston

    Part VIII

    Universities, Security and Intelligence:

    Disciplinary Lenses of the Arts, Literature and Humanities

    Chapter 30

    The Art(s and Humanities) of Security:

    A Broader Approach to Countering Security Threats

    Andrew Glazzard

    Chapter 31

    Dispelling the Myths:

    Academic Studies, Intelligence and Historical Research

    Helen Fry

    Chapter 32

    Stalin’s Library

    Svetlana Lokhova

    Chapter 33

    A Landscape of Lies in the Land of Letters:

    The Literary Cartography of Security and Intelligence

    Liam Francis Gearon


    National Security and Intelligence – Outreach, Commentary, Critique:

    A Global Survey of Official, Policy and Academic Sources

    Liam Francis Gearon


    Liam Francis Gearon is Senior Research Fellow at Harris Manchester College, and Associate Professor at the Department of Education, University of Oxford, UK. He is also Conjoint Professor at the University of Newcastle, Australia.