1st Edition

The Spanish Language in the United States
Rootedness, Racialization, and Resistance

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after February 25, 2022
ISBN 9781032190556
February 25, 2022 Forthcoming by Routledge
200 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations

USD $42.95

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Book Description

The Spanish Language in the United States addresses the rootedness of Spanish in the US, its racialization, and Spanish-speakers’ resistance against racialization. This novel approach challenges the "foreigner" status of Spanish and shows that racialization victims do not take their oppression meekly. It traces the rootedness of Spanish since the 1500’s, when the Spanish empire began the settlement of the new land, to today where 39 million U.S. Latinos speak Spanish at home. Authors show how whites categorize Spanish speaking in ways that denigrate the non-standard language habits of Spanish speakers—including in schools—highlighting ways of overcoming racism.

Table of Contents

Section One: Language, Race, and Power

Introduction: Language, Racialization, and Power.

Bonnie Urciuoli, José A. Cobas, Joe R. Feagin and Daniel J. Delgado

Chapter 1: The Case of Middle-class Latinos in the United States

José A. Cobas and Joe R. Feagin, "Language Oppression and Resistance

Section Two: Rootedness

Chapter 2: The Early Political History of Spanish in the United States

Rosina Lozano

Chapter 3: The Demography and Socioeconomic Standing of Spanish-Language Latinos

Rogelio Sáenz and Daniel Mamani

Section Three: Racialization

Chapter 4: What Anti-Spanish Prejudice Tells Us about Whiteness

Bonnie Urciuoli

Chapter 5: A Language-elsewhere: A Friendlier Linguistic Terrorism

Mike Mena

Chapter 6: "You Are Not Allowed to Speak Spanish! This Is an American Hospital!": Puerto Ricans’ Experiences with Linguistic Discrimination and Otherness in Central Florida

Alessandra Rosa, Elizabeth Aranda, and Hilary Dotson

Chapter 7: Black Spanish, White Leanings, Trigueño Mythologies in Puerto Rico

Michelle Ramos Pelicia and Sharon Elise

Section Four: Resistance

Chapter 8: The Enchantment of Language Resistance in Puerto Rico

Kevin Alejandrez and Ana Liberato

Chapter 9: Subtracting Spanish and Forcing English: My Lived Experience in Texas Public Schools

José Angel Gutiérrez

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José A. Cobas is Professor Emeritus of Sociology at Arizona State University. Among his publications are (with Jorge Duany and Joe R. Feagin) How the United States Racializes Latinos: White Hegemony Its Consequences (2009), (with Joe R. Feagin) Latinos Facing Racism: Discrimination, Resistance, and Endurance (2014), and (with Joe R. Feagin, Daniel J. Delgado, and Maria Chávez), Latino Peoples in the New America: Racialization and Resistance (Routledge, 2019).


Bonnie Urciuoli is professor emerita of anthropology at Hamilton College where she taught linguistic and semiotic anthropology. She has published on race/class ideologies of Spanish–English bilingualism in New York City, on the discursive production and marketing of ‘skills’ in the U.S., and on the construction and marketing of studenthood and diversity in U.S. higher education. Books include Exposing Prejudice: Puerto Rican Experiences of Language, Race, and Class (1996), Neoliberalizing Diversity in Liberal Arts College Life (forthcoming), and an edited volume The Experience of Neoliberal Education (2018).


Joe Feagin is Distinguished Professor of Sociology at Texas A & M University. He specializes in systemic racism studies. Among his books are Latinos Facing Racism (2014, with J. Cobas); Racist America (4th ed., Routledge 2019, with K. Ducey); Rethinking Diversity Frameworks in Higher Education (Routledge, 2020, with E. Chun); The White Racial Frame (3rd ed., Routledge 2020); and Revealing Systemic British Racism (Routledge, 2021, with K. Ducey). He is the recipient of the American Association for Affirmative Action’s Fletcher Lifetime Achievement Award and the American Sociological Association’s W. E. B. Du Bois Career of Distinguished Scholarship Award, Cox-Johnson-Frazier Award, and Public Understanding of Sociology Award. He was 1999-2000 president of the American Sociological Association.


Daniel J. Delgado is Associate Professor of Sociology or at Texas A&M-University at San Antonio. His research is focused on three areas, Latino/a student experiences in higher education, Middleclass Latinx experiences with processes of racialization, and understanding how race and space intersect in the Southwest. He has published in several edited volumes and journals and is co-editor (with José A. Cobas and Joe R. Feagin) of Latino Peoples in the New America: Racialization and Resistance (Routledge, 20190. He lives in his hometown of San Antonio, Texas.