1st Edition

The Sustainable Development Goals Diffusion and Contestation in Asia and Europe

Edited By Paul Bacon, Mina Chiba, Frederik Ponjaert Copyright 2023
    206 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    206 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    There have been significant efforts to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at multiple levels of governance across all regions of the world. However, the manner in which the global governance norms underlying the SDGs are actually being diffused is under-researched and not well understood. This book considers the promotion of the SDGs through the lens of norm diffusion theory, with a focus on three SDG policy areas; health, education and decent work.

    A distinctive feature of the book is that it offers multiple original case studies of SDG norm diffusion involving Asian and European actors. A unique feature is that the case studies in the book identify relevant SDG norm senders and norm receivers, and examine the relationship between them. The book also challenges the assumption that the SDGs themselves are static and unchanging, and reveals how SDG norms are dynamic and can be reformulated as a result of contestation between norm senders and norm receivers. As well as introducing a diverse and original set of case studies, the book therefore allows readers to deepen their understandings of the policy diffusion mechanisms by which SDGs are diffused, and grasp the patterns of success and failure in the implementation of these policies.

    Chapters 4, 5 and 7 of this book are available for free in PDF format as Open Access from the individual product page at www.routledge.com. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 licence.

    Section 1 Conceptual frameworks
    1. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as international norms
    Mina Chiba and Yasushi Katsuma
    2. Adapting and applying the ‘spiral model’ to the diffusion of the SDGs
    Thais Favero Souza and Paul Bacon
    Section 2 Ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being (SDG3)
    3. Diffusion of UHC through global health diplomacy
    Yasushi Katsuma
    4. Diffusion of SRHR and local constraints: the Philippines
    Elena Avramovska
    5. Sexuality education in Thailand: Contestation and reconciliation
    Mina Chiba
    Section 3 Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education (SDG4)
    6. Reformulation of inclusive education: Cambodia
    Makiko Hayashi
    7. Diffusion of inclusive education in Malawi
    Jun Kawaguchi and Kazuo Kuroda
    8. Challenges for diffusing Global Citizenship Education in Japan
    Leyla Radjai
    Section 4 Full and productive employment and decent work (SDG8)
    9. Gender equality and decent work: Japan
    Thais Favero Souza
    10. Tackling forced labour in Thailand: The role of the EU and ILO
    Paul Bacon and Nishkhan Usayapant
    11. Diffusion of labour rights: Georgia 2003–2019
    Shukuko Koyama
    12. Mainstreaming animal welfare: The role of EU trade policy
    Stephanie Ghislain
    Section 5 Conclusion
    13. Norm diffusion, norm contestation and the SDGs
    Paul Bacon, Mina Chiba, and Frederik Ponjaert


    Paul Bacon, PhD is a tenured Professor of International Relations at the Faculty of International Research and Education, and a Jean Monnet Chair in European Union Studies at Waseda University, Japan. His research interests include the SDGs, human security, EU–Japan relations, NATO-Japan relations, Brexit, liberal international order, and human rights norm diffusion.

    Mina Chiba, PhD is an Assistant Professor of Organization for Regional and Inter-regional Studies (ORIS), Waseda University. Her major field of study is international development and human rights. Her research interests include global governance in education and health, non-cognitive skills development, and regionalization of higher education.

    Frederik Ponjaert is Researcher and Lecturer at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and Associate Lecturer in Comparative Regionalism at SciencesPo (IEP-Paris). His research is on comparative regionalism, with an emphasis on European and Asian realities.