This book examines the nature of unmasking in social theory, in revolutionary movements and in popular culture. Unmasking is not the same as scientific refutation or principled disagreement. When people unmask, they claim to rip off a disguise, revealing the true beneath the feigned. The author distinguishes two basic types of unmasking. The first, aimed at persons or groups, exposes hypocrisy and enmity, and is a staple of revolutionary movements. The second, aimed at ideas, exposes illusions and ideologies, and is characteristic of radical social theory since the eighteenth-century Enlightenment.
The Unmasking Style in Social Theory charts the intellectual origins of unmasking, its shifting priorities, and its specific techniques in social theory. It also explores sociology’s relationship to the concept of unmasking through an analysis of writers who embrace, adapt or reshape its meaning. Such sociologists include Vilfredo Pareto, Karl Mannheim, Raymond Aron, Peter Berger, Pierre Bourdieu, Luc Boltanski and Christian Smith.
Finally, taking conspiracy theories, accusations of social phobia and new concepts such as micro-aggression as examples of unmasking techniques, the author shows how unmasking contributes to the polarization and bitterness of much public discussion. Demonstrating how unmasking is baked into modern culture, yet arguing that alternatives to it are still possible, this book is, in sum, a compelling study of unmasking and its impact upon modern political life and social theory.
"Adroit, subtle, and fearless, this exceptionally well-written study will delight and infuriate. Readers will re-examine, or obstinately refuse to re-examine, their own ways of arguing. Those who grasp its central theses will, perhaps regretfully, never see the structure of debates about society in the same way. Concerned above all with sociology, it also makes an important contribution to the history of ideas and the understanding of novels." - Gary Saul Morson, Northwestern University, USA
"Peter Baehr’s iconoclastic book will be invigorating reading for anyone interested in social theory and the self-serving lies of the powerful. Baehr’s encyclopedic knowledge of the history of social theory sets the stage for a lively debate about the style, substance, and value of unmasking by social thinkers. Let the shouting begin!" - Daniel Little, University of Michigan, USA
"This elegantly written book will delight and enlighten. Its topic - the unmasking style in Western thought - turns out to be extremely interesting as well as relevant in the modern world. The book is recommended to the general public, academics and anyone interested in an intellectually exciting and alive work." - Richard Swedberg, Cornell University, USA
Part 1: Elements and Origins of the Unmasking Style
1. Elements of Unmasking
2. Unveiling Religion, Unmasking Society
3. The Marxian Template
4. Illusion More Closely Considered
Part 2: O, Sociology
5. Unmasking in Sociology: For, Against, For and Against, Maybe
6. Humanism and Pragmatism: Unmasking, Debunking, and Unveiling in the Sociology of Peter Berger and Luc Boltanski
Part 3: Avoiding Unmasking in an Unmasking Age
7. Avoiding Unmasking
Appendix – Disclosing, Enclosing, Surveilling