Theodore, bishop of Mopsuestia, (c.350-428) stands out as the pre-eminent exponent of the School of Antioch’s literal, historical and rational emphases in exegesis and of its staunch defence of Christ’s humanity. At his death, he was hailed as one of the outstanding, prolific biblical theologians of his time. However, after his works and person were later condemned at the Second Council of Constantinople in 553, he is known today primarily as the "Father of Nestorianism."
This addition to the Early Church Fathers series provides in one place new extensive translations of Theodore’s major extant works that have not been available in English up unto the present. It also summarizes the secondary literature and discusses at length the fundamental features of his theological thinking, especially regarding his method of exegesis and his functional stress on the union of Christ’s natures as occurring in ‘one common prosopon.’
Frederick G. McLeod presents passages from Theodore’s major works ‘On the Incarnation’ and his ‘Cathechetical Homilies;’ his commentaries on Psalm 8, Adam’s creation, John, Philippians 2, Galatians, Ephesians, and Colossians; and his rejection of the allegorists and Apollinaris, as well as providing all the anathemas of Constantinople II against Theodore’s works and person.
This book will be invaluable to any scholar who wishes to read firsthand what this influential and controversial figure has actually written.
'The author combines detailed scholarship with an accessible style, and so makes the work of this important church Father accessible to a wide readership.' – Revd Dr John Binns, Vicar of Great St Mary’s, Cambridge, and an Hon. Canon of Ely Cathedral
'The author combines detailed scholarship with an accessible style, and so makes the work of this important church Father accessible to a wide readership.' – Revd Dr John Binns, Church Times
'One would be hard pressed to think of a scholar more qualified than Frederick McLeod to produce a volume for this series on Theodore of Mopsuestia (ca. 350–428). . . In this book McLeod gives an excellent introduction to the thought of Theodore, particularly those aspects of it which scholars continue to debate, and has judiciously chosen to translate texts that help illuminate these issues.' –Mark DelCogliano, University of St. Thomas, Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2010.08.21
Part 1: 1. Theodore’s Life 2. History of Secondary Literature 3. Theodore’s Exegetical Method 4. Examples of Theodore’s Exegetical Method 5. God’s Indwelling of Good Pleasure 6. Theodore’s Understanding of Hypostasis and Prosopon 7. The Functional Unity of Christ’s Natures 8. Assessment Part 2: 9. General Introduction to the Texts 10. In Opposition to the Allegorists 11. Commentary on Psalm 8 12. Commentary on the Creation of Adam and Eve 13. Commentary on John’s Gospel 14. Commentary on Philippians 2: 6-11 15. Selections from the Commentaries on Galatians, Ephesians and Colossians 16. On the Incarnation 17. In Opposition to Apollinaris 18. Catechetical Homilies 19. Conciliar Anathemas
The Greek and Latin Fathers of the Church are central to the creation of Christian doctrine and the establishment of the Christian Church as a social entity in the first five centuries AD. Students of theology, religion, late antiquity and the early Middle Ages constantly encounter the names of these writers; yet most of them are dauntingly inaccessible to the student because of the volume of their writings and the relative paucity of available translations.
This series makes available translations of key selected texts by the major Fathers, for the use of all students of the early church. Each volume is the work of a distinguished scholar and theologian, who has selected and translated the most representative texts of the author in question. Each volume contains a long introduction setting the subject in his historical and philosophical context, as well as a brief introduction and notes on the translations.