Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism provides fresh insights into the cognitive processes that underlie some of the typical characteristics of autism. Autism has long been considered an enigma, and no single theory so far has been able to explain, or even fully describe, the key characteristics of the autistic mind. From the interdisciplinary perspective of new research in cognitive psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and neuroscience, this book explores thinking, reasoning, and decision making in autism.
The new cognitive approaches challenge some of the existing assumptions of the nature of thought in autism, including presumed areas of impairments. Instead, this book focuses on the nuanced array of cognitive signatures that characterize the autistic mind, and in many cases it reveals the possibility of intact performance alongside instances of remarkably enhanced thinking. The book considers the implications of these characteristics, providing in-depth analyses of specific areas of cognitive functioning, and their everyday manifestations.
Featuring contributions from world-leading researchers from the fields of cognitive science and autism research, this volume will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers, as well as those working with individuals with autism spectrum disorders.
How do Individuals with Autism Think?
Kinga Morsanyi and Ruth M.J. Byrne
The Dual Process Theory of Autism
Chris Ashwin and Mark Brosnan
Decision-Making Processes of High-Functioning Adults on the Autism Spectrum
Irwin P. Levin, Gary J. Gaeth, Aron M. Levin, and Eleanor V. Burke
Analogical Reasoning in Autism: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Kinga Morsanyi, Dušan Stamenković, & Keith J. Holyoak
Counterfactual and False-Belief Reasoning in Individuals with Autism
Celia Rasga, A. Cristina Quelhas, and Ruth M.J. Byrne
Pragmatic Reasoning in Autism
Bart Geurts, Mikhail Kissine, and Bob van Tiel
Reasoning and Discourse Coherence in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Keith Stenning and Michiel Van Lambalgen
Current Issues in Thinking and Reasoning is a series of edited books which will reflect the state of the art in areas of current and emerging interest in the psychological study of thinking processes.
Each volume will be tightly focussed on a particular topic and will consist of from seven to ten chapters contributed by international experts. The editors of individual volumes will be leading figures in their areas and will provide an introductory overview.
Example topics include thinking and working memory, visual imagery in problem solving, evolutionary approaches to thinking, cognitive processes in planning, creative thinking, decision making processes, pathologies of thinking, individual differences, neuropsychological approaches and applications of thinking research.