Toddlers, Parents and Culture: Findings from the Joint Effort Toddler Temperament Consortium, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Toddlers, Parents and Culture

Findings from the Joint Effort Toddler Temperament Consortium, 1st Edition

Edited by Maria A. Gartstein, Samuel P. Putnam

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192 pages

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Description

One doesn’t have to travel extensively to realize that there are intriguing differences in the ways in which people from different cultures tend to behave. Gartstein and Putnam explore whether these differences are shaped during the early years of life, at the moment when children are just beginning to understand how, when, and why they should express some emotions, and not others.

Based on the findings of the Joint Effort Toddler Temperament Consortium (JETTC), which asked parents from 14 different countries multiple questions regarding their main goals and techniques for raising children to be successful in their culture, Gartstein and Putnam analyze how children’s characteristics (both normative and problematic) are shaped by different cultural environments. Drawing from insights in anthropology, sociology, and developmental psychology, the book explores the full spectrum of human experience, from broad sets of values and concerns that differentiate populations down to the intimate details of parent-child relationships. The results reveal a complex web of interrelations among societal ideals, parental attempts to fulfill them, and the ways their children manifest these efforts. In doing so, they provide a revealing look at how families raise their young children around the world.

Toddlers, Parents, and Culture will be of great interest to students and scholars in temperament, cross-cultural psychology, parenting and socioemotional development in early childhood, as well as professionals in early education, child mental health, and behavioral pediatrics.

Reviews

This outstanding volume is a true tour de force. It tackles some of the most important and fundamental questions about how we develop as unique individuals in early childhood, around the globe and in our varied cultures. Written and edited by the world’s leading scientists of childhood temperament, the book describes in rich detail the rationale and major findings of their unique and methodologically rigorous collaborative study of toddlers in 14 countries spanning Asia, Europe, and the Americas. The reasoning about the findings is guided by and integrated through a conceptual model that generates new knowledge and new hypotheses. It is a must-read for scholars and students of temperament and personality, individual differences, and cultural influences on human development.

Kirby Deater-Deckard, PhD, Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst (USA)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Introduction to the Joint Effort Toddler

Temperament Consortium (JETTC)

Maria A. Gartstein, Samuel P. Putnam,

Helena Slobodskaya, & Carolina de Weerth.…………………………………………………

Chapter 2. JETTC Methodology

Samuel P. Putnam, Maria Gartstein, Sara Casalin,

Carmen González-Salinas, Blanca Huitron, Sae-Young Han,

Mirjana Majdandžić, Rosario Montirosso, Oana Benga,

Ibrahim Acar, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares,

Katri Räikkönen, Zhengyan Wang, Felipe Lecannelier,

Roseriet Beijers, & Elena Kozlova………………………………………………………………

Part 1: Temperament and Emerging Symptoms/Behavior Problems…….…

Chapter 3. Cross-Cultural Differences in the Early

Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) Factors

Helena Slobodskaya, Elena Kozlova, Sae-Young Han,

Maria A. Gartstein, & Samuel P. Putnam………………………………………………………..

Chapter 4. Cross-Cultural Differences in the Child

Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Broadband Scales

Samuel P. Putnam, Sara Casalin, Blanca Huitron,

Mirjana Majdandžić, & Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares…………………………………

Chapter 5. Cross Cultural Differences in Associations

between Temperament and Behavior Problems

Carmen Gonzalez-Salinas, Noelia Sánchez-Pérez,

Luis J. Fuentes, Rosario Montirosso, & Kati Heinonen………………………….……….

Part 2: Developmental Niche: Socialization Goals (SG),

Parental Ethnotheories (PE), Daily Activities Questionnaire (DAQ),

Parental Responses to Temperament Displays (PRTD)……………………………..

Chapter 6. Cross-Cultural Differences in Socialization Goals and Parental Ethnotheories

Samuel P. Putnam, Maria A. Gartstein, Hannah Broos,

Sara Casalin, & Felipe Lecannelier……………………………………………………………

Chapter 7. Cross-Cultural Differences in DAQ Play and Activities

Eric Desmarais, Maria A. Gartstein, Zhengyan Wang,

Emine Ahmetoglu, & Roseriet Beijers…………………………………………………………..

Chapter 8. Cross-Cultural Differences in DAQ Sleep

Blanca Huitron, Guadalupe Domínguez-Sandoval, Amanda Prokasky,

Carmen González-Salinas, & Sae-Young Han………………………………………………..

Chapter 9. Cross-Cultural Differences in DAQ Discipline

Sam P. Putnam, Oana Benga, Rosario Montirosso,

Mirjana Majdandžić & Sara Casalin……………………………………………………………..

Chapter 10 Cross-Cultural-Differences in Parents’

Responses to Child Temperament

Sae-Young Han, Seong-Yeon Park, Eun Gyoung Lee,

Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares & Helena Slobodskaya……………………………….

Chapter 11. Integrating the Developmental Niche:

Relations among Socialization Goals, Parental Ethnotheories,

Daily Activities, and Parental Responses to Temperament

Mirjana Majdandžić, Marlis Cornelia Kirchhoff, Katri Räikkönen,

Oana Benga & Emine Ahmetoglu……………………………………………………………….

 

Part 3: The niche and the child: Links between Parental Psychology, Developmental Context, and Child Outcomes…………………………………………

Chapter 12. Socialization Goals, Parental Ethotheories,

Toddler Temperament and Behavior Problems

Rosario Montirosso, Lorenzo Giusti, Niccolò Butti,

Zhengyan Wang & Mirjana Majdandžić……………………………………………………..

Chapter 13. DAQ Play/Activities, Temperament and

Behavior Problems

Oana Benga, Georgiana Susa-Erdogan, Roseriet Beijers,

Mirjana Majdandžić & Sara Casalin……………………………………………………………

Chapter 14. DAQ Sleep, Temperament and Behavior Problems

Amanda Prokasky, Felipe Lecannelier, Noelia Sánchez-Pérez

& Maria A. Gartstein…………………………………………………………………………………

Chapter 15. DAQ Discipline, Temperament and

Behavior Problems

Oana Benga, Georgiana Susa-Erdogan, Blanca Huitron,

Elena Kozlova & Emine Ahmetoglu…………………………………………………………

Chapter 16. Parental Responses, Toddler Temperament and

Behavior Problems

Ibrahim Acar, Amanda Prokasky, Maria Beatriz Martins Linhares,

Felipe Lecannelier & Sam P. Putnam………………………………………………………..

Chapter 17. Bringing it All Together: Mediational Models

Maria Gartstein, Samuel Putnam, Mirjana Majdandžić

Soile Tuovinen & Eric Desmarais……………………………………………………………

Chapter 18. Summary and Future Directions

Samuel P. Putnam, Maria A. Gartstein, Rosario Montirosso,

Livio Provenzi & Zhengyan Wang…………………………………………………………..

About the Editors

Maria A. Gartstein is a professor in the Washington State University (WSU) Department of Psychology and Director of ADVANCE at WSU. Dr. Gartstein has been studying temperament and cross-cultural differences for the past 20 years. The cross-cultural emphasis in part reflects her own experience as an immigrant, arriving in the US with her family as a child.

Samuel P. Putnam is professor and chair of the Psychology Department at Bowdoin College, and Co-Chair of Undergraduate Research for the International Congress of Infant Studies (ICIS). His research concerns the measurement and structure of temperament, and how nature interacts with nurture to shape individual differences in children.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSY000000
PSYCHOLOGY / General
PSY004000
PSYCHOLOGY / Developmental / Child