Tomato Plant Culture: In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Tomato Plant Culture

In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By J. Benton Jones, Jr.

CRC Press

420 pages | 97 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849373954
pub: 2007-08-03
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pub: 2007-08-03
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Description

While tomatoes continue to be one of the most widely grown plants, the production and distribution of tomato fruits have been changing worldwide. Smaller, flavorful tomatoes are becoming more popular than beefsteak tomatoes, greenhouse-grown tomatoes have entered the marketplace, and home gardeners are using the Internet to obtain information for growing tomatoes. Encompassing these changes, Tomato Plant Culture: In the Field, Greenhouse, and Home Garden, Second Edition clearly presents the characteristics, nutritional information, environmental requirements, and production aspects of tomato plants and fruits.

Authored by one of the foremost experts in hydroponics, the book outlines the history of the tomato plant and fruit and delves into the author's personal experiences with tomato plant cultivation. It discusses the characteristics and composition of the plant as well as seedling and seed production. The author elucidates the physical features of the fruit and the mineral nutrition of the plant. He also examines the physical and chemical characteristics of soils most desirable for plant growth, makes fertilizer recommendations, and explores the factors involved in greenhouse tomato production. In addition, the book looks at ways to identify and control plant diseases and insect pests.

With scientific data, trivia, and troubleshooting advice, this technical yet accessible book enables scientists, commercial growers, and home gardeners to cultivate a successful crop of tomatoes.

Reviews

"… a valuable source of information for professional tomato growers and advanced home gardeners as well as for research workers… The work is also noteworthy for its high didactical quality; it might be certainly useful as a studying literature in the Vegetable production studies."

--Biologia Plantarium

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Historical Background

Tomato Trivia

Plant Characteristics

Scientific Classification

Common Names

Tomato Products

Tomato Yield Records

Production Statistics

Consumer Consumption and Preferences

Tomato Production in the United States

Greenhouse Tomato Production

Field- versus Greenhouse-Grown Fruit

Home Gardening

Personal General Observations

The Internet

Personal Experiences

PLANT CHARACTERISTICS AND PHYSIOLOGY

Introduction

Plant Forms

Days to Maturity

Photosynthetic Characteristics

Light Energy Level

Light Quality

Daylight Length

Carbon Dioxide Enrichment

Water Requirement

Plant Air Temperature Requirements

Root Temperature Effects

Consistency

Flower Characteristics

Flower Pollination

Fruit Characteristics

Cultural Systems

Field Production

Greenhouse Production

SEED AND SEEDLING PRODUCTION

Introduction

Seed Characteristics

Elemental Composition

Germination Testing Procedures

Germination Time and Temperature

Young Vegetative Plants

Seedling Production

Transplant Characteristics

Setting in the Soil

Grafting

Seed Production

Saving Seed from Mature Tomato Fruit

Catalog Descriptions

Days to Maturity

Seed Treatments

Disease Resistance Codes

Seed Sources

Heirloom Varieties

FRUIT CHARACTERISTICS

Introduction

Physical Characteristics

Size

Shape

Firmness

Color Classification

Fruit Ripening

Fruit Grades

Defects

Consumer Quality Factors

Flavor

pH

Storage

Packaging

Nutritional Content

Sun-Dried Fruit

Organically Grown and Pesticide Free

Useful Units

TOMATO PLANT NUTRITION

Introduction

Nomenclature

The Essential Elements

The Structural Elements

The Mineral Elements

Micronutrients

Nutrient Element Uptake Patterns with Time

The Beneficial Elements

Humic Acid

Plant Nutrient Element Management

Plant Analysis

Essential Element Levels in the Tomato Plant

Concentration Units

Tissue Testing

Tissue Testing Kits

Interpretation of Plant Analysis and Tissue Test Results

Visual Symptoms of Deficiency and Excess

Soil Testing

Soilless Rooting Medium Assay

Soil Testing Laboratories

Sensitivity to Salinity

FIELD PRODUCTION IN SOIL

Introduction

Soil Physical Characteristics

Subsoil Characteristics

Soil Fertility Requirements

Soil pH

Soil Salinity

Soil Preparation and Rotation

Irrigation Water Quality

Fertilizer Recommendations

Nutrient Content and Removal

Plant Population and Spacing

Fruit Yield

Home Garden Production Procedures

Home Garden Soil Properties

Plant Cultural Management

Organically Grown

Growing Tomatoes in Containers

GREENHOUSE TOMATO PRODUCTION

Introduction

Past Status

Current and Future Growth

Factors Affecting Greenhouse Production

The Tomato Greenhouse

Water Quality

Cropping Sequences and Climate

Culture Systems

Fruit Yield and Cost of Production

Organic Soilless Media Bag Culture

Hydroponic Growing

Hydroponic Growing Systems

Other Hydroponic Growing Systems

The Nutrient Solution

Organic Hydroponics

Greenhouse Cultivars/Varieties

Rootstocks

Crop/Growing System Monitoring

Personal Observations

PEST IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

Introduction

Resistant Cultivars

Plant Diseases

Botrytis Gray Mold

Seedborne Diseases

Soilborne Diseases

Insects

Nematodes

How to Control Pests

Integrated Pest Management

Prophylactic Procedures

Nutrient Solution Disease Control

Weed Control

Professional Assistance

Worker Protection for Greenhouse Employees

Changing Label Recommendations and Restrictions

Greenhouse Decontamination and Cleaning

Home Gardener Pest Control

REFERENCES

APPENDICES

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI011000
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
TEC003000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science