Trace Elements in Coal and Coal Combustion Residues focuses on trace metal chemistry of coal and coal combustion residues. Special emphasis is placed on management of coal combustion residues in electric power plants and the influence of coal and associated residues on soils, plants, water, and animals. Topics covered include a brief summary of research sponsored by Electric Power Research Institute, environmental pollution from coal combustion plants in low-rainfall regions, accumulation of trace elements in freshwater mussels near a power plant, testing to evaluate fossil fuel wastes by chemicals and isotopes, transport of metals from coal piles and ash impoundments, leachability and toxicity of metals in fly ash, and plant absorption of chemicals from ash. The book will be a useful reference for environmental and reclamation consultants, environmental engineers, toxicologists, environmental regulatory personnel, officials with electric power utilities and water treatment plants, and soil scientists.
Introduction: Coal Ashes--Industrial Wastes or Beneficial By-Products? (R.F. Keefer). An Overview of Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Related to Effective Management of Coal Combustion Residues (I.P. Murarka, S.V. Mattigod, and R.F. Keefer). Environmental Effects from Power Plants: Coal-Based Environmental Problems in a Low-Rainfall Tropical Region (M. Agrawal, J. Singh, A.K. Jha, and J.S. Singh). Trace Element Concentrations in the Soft Tissue of Transplanted Freshwater Mussels Near a Coal-Fired Power Plant (C.S. Klusek, M. Heit, and S. Hodgkiss). Tests for and Monitoring of Fossil Fuel Dispersion and Ash Disposal: Strontium and Lead Isotopes as Monitors of Fossil Fuel Dispersion (R.W. Hurst, T.E. Davis, A.A. Elseewi, and A.L. Page). Baker Soil Test Applications for Land Reclamation, Animal Health, and Food Chain Protection (D.E. Baker, F.G. Pannebaker, J.P. Senft, and J.P. Coetzee). Transport and Leachability of Metals from Coal and Ash Piles: Multicomponent Transport Through Soil Subjected to Coal Pile Runoff Under Steady Saturated Flow (M.A. Anderson, P.M. Bertsch, and L.W. Zelazny). Leachability of Ni, Cd, Cr, and As from Coal Ash Impoundments of Different Ages on the Savannah River Site (S.S. Sandhu, G.L. Mills, and K.S. Sajwan). Use of Coal Ash for Plant Growth: Extractable and Plant Concentrations of Metals in Amended Coal Ash (A.P. Schwab). Uptake of Chemical Elements by Terrestrial Plants Growing on a Coal Fly Ash Landfill (L.H. Weinstein, M.A. Arthur, R.E. Schneider, P.B. Woodbury, J.A. Laurence, A.O. Beers, and G. Rubin). Accumulation of Mo in Wheat and Alfalfa Grown on Fly Ash-Amended Acid Mine Spoils (R.F. Keefer, D.K. Bhumbla, and R.N. Singh). Elements in Coal and Coal Ash Residues and Their Potential for Agricultural Crops (M.P. Menon, K.S. Sajwan, G.S. Ghuman, J. James, and K. Chandra).