Transactional Distance and Adaptive Learning takes a fresh look at one of the pioneering educational theories that accommodates the impact of information and communications technologies in learning. The theory of transactional distance (TTD) provides a distinct analytical and planning foundation for educators to conduct an overarching inquiry into transitioning from mass instructional and management systems in higher education to dynamic and transformational futures that focus on each individual learner.
Based on the TTD, this pragmatic approach offers instructors, administrators, students, and other stakeholders a comprehensive planning method to assess the current state of their instructional, learning, and management practices and to develop alternative models to prescribe future improvements in their institution. This complex, self-organized, and adaptive method includes current and emergent properties of:
- hardware, software, and telecommunications systems that allow faculty, students, and administrators to communicate;
- instructional and curriculum systems that provide teaching and learning environments for faculty and students; and
- management, societal, and global systems that influence how institutions are supported, funded, and managed.
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Abbreviations
Chapter 1 - Conceptual Framework
Chapter 2 - The Theory of Transactional Distance: The Broader Context
Chapter 3 - Hardware Systems
Chapter 4 - Software Systems
Chapter 5 - Introduction to Adaptive Learning Systems
Chapter 6 - Telecommunications Systems
Chapter 7 - Instructional Systems
Chapter 8 - Instructional Design Models: A Transactional Distance Perspectiver
Chapter 9 - Curricular Systems
Chapter 10 - Management Systems
Chapter 11 - Societal Systems
Chapter 12 - Global Systems
Chapter 13 - From Theory to Practice
Appendix - Review of Selected Literature About the Theory of Transactional Distance
Farhad Saba is Professor Emeritus of Educational Technology at San Diego State University, USA, and Founder and Editor of Distance-Educator.com.
Rick L. Shearer is Director of Research, World Campus at The Pennsylvania State University, USA.