Since the end of the 1980 coup d’état Turkey has been in the midst of a complex process of democratization. Applying methodological pluralism in order to provide a comprehensive analysis of this process in a Turkish context, this book brings together contributions from prominent, Turkish, English, French, and Spanish scholars.
Turkey’s Democratization Process utilises the theoretical framework of J.J. Linz and A.C. Stepan in order to assess the complex process of democratization in Turkey. This framework takes into account five interacting features of Turkey’s polity when making this assessment, namely: whether the underlying legal and socioeconomic conditions are conducive for the development of a free and participant society; if a relatively autonomous political society exists; whether there are legal guarantees for citizens’ freedoms; if there exists a state bureaucracy which can be used by a democratic government; and whether the type and pace of Turkish economic development contributes to this process.
Examining the Turkish case in light of this framework, this book seeks to combine analyses that will help assess the process of democratization in Turkey to date and will be of interest to scholars and researchers interested in Turkish Politics, Democratization and Middle Eastern Studies more broadly.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1 Democratization processes in defective democracies: the case of Turkey-Carmen Rodríguez, Antonio Avalos, Hakan Yılmaz and Ana I. Planet 2 The Formation of Citizenship in Turkey-Ibrahim Saylan 3 Two Steps Forward One Step Back: Turkey's Democratic Transformation-İlter Turan 4 The International Context of Democratic Reform in Turkey-William Hale Part I:Political Society 5 Party System and Democratic Consolidation in Turkey: Problems and Prospects-Sabri Sayarı 6What did They Promise for Democracy and What Did They Deliver?-Işık Gürleyen Part II:Civil Society 7 Democratic Consolidation and Civil Society in Turkey-Fuat Keyman and Tuba Kancı 8 Democratization in Turkey from a Gender Perspective-Pınar İlkaracan 9 The Istanbul Art Scene – A Social System?-Marcus Graf Part III: Economic Arena 10 Deepening Neo-liberalisation and the Changing Welfare Regime in Turkey: Mutations of a Populist “Sub-Optimal” Democracy-Mine Eder Part IV: State Apparatus 11 New Public Administration in Turkey-Süleyman Sözen 12 Determinants of Tax Evasion by Households: Evidence from Turkey-Ali Çarkoğlu and Fikret Adaman 13 From Tutelary Powers & Interventions to Civilian Control: an Overview of Turkish Civil-Military Relations since the 1920s-Yaprak Gürsoy 14 The Judiciary-Ergun Özbudun Part V: Rule of Law 15 Democracy, Tutelarism and the Search for a New Constitution-Ergun Özbudun 16 Human Rights in Turkey-Senem Aydın 17 The Paradox of Equality: Subjective Attitudes Towards basic Rights in Turkey-Ayşen Candaş Bilgen and Hakan Yılmaz 18 The Kurdish Question: Law, Politics and the Limits of Recognition-Dilek Kurban 19 Non- Muslim Minorities in the Democratization Process of Turkey-Samim Akgönül 20 Democratization in Turkey? Insights from the Alevi Issue-Elise Massicard 21 The Political Economy of the media and its impact on the freedom of expression in Turkey-Ceren Sözeri Conclusion Some Observations on Turkey's Democratization Process-Carmen Rodríguez, Antonio Avalos, Hakan Yılmaz and Ana I. Planet
Carmen Rodríguez is a researcher of Contemporary Turkish Studies at Election Watch OPEMAM at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Her research interests include; democratization, political parties and Turkey-EU relations.
Antonio Ávalos is a researcher at TEIM (International Mediterranean Studies Team) at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, focusing on the political and military elite and secularism in Turkey.
Hakan Yilmaz is a Professor at the Department of Political Science and International Relations, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul. His research interests include political ideologies and political culture in post-World War II Turkey; culture and identity dimensions of EU-Turkey relations; and external-internal linkages in the process of democratization.
Ana I. Planet is a Professor at the Arab and Islamic Studies Department at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid and director of TEIM (International Mediterranean Studies Team). Her research interests include Moroccan migration to Spain and political debates regarding Islam in Europe.