Understanding Employer Engagement in Education
Theories and evidence
This collection focuses on employer engagement in education, how it is delivered and the differentiated impact it has on young people in their progression through schooling and higher education into the labour market. The focus is not narrowly on vocational or technical education or work-related learning, but on how employer engagement (eg, work experience, internships, careers education, workplace visits, mentoring, enterprise education etc) influences the experiences and outcomes of the broad range of young people across mainstream academic learning programmes. The essays explore the different ways in which education can support or constrain social mobility and, in particular, how employer engagement in education can have significant impact upon social mobility – both positive and negative.
Leading international contributors examine issues surrounding employer engagement and social mobility: conceptualisations of employer engagement; trends in social mobility; employer engagement and social class; access and management of work experience; social capital and aspiration; access to employment.
The book makes employer engagement an innovative focus in relation to the well established fields of social mobility and school to work transition. By examining what difference employer engagement makes, the essays raise questions about conventional models and show how research drawing on different fields and disciplines can be brought together to provide a more coherent and convincing account. Building on new theorisations and combining existing and new data, the collection offers a systematic exploration of the influence of socio-economic status on school-to-work transitions, and addresses how educational policy can shape more efficient labour market outcomes. In doing so, it draws on, and speaks to, existing literature which has considered such questions from the perspectives of gender, ethnicity and social disadvantage.
Table of Contents
Preface- Nancy Hoffman, Robert Schwartz
Introduction- Julian Stanley, Anthony Mann, Louise Archer
Part one: Conceptualising employer engagement in education
Conceptualising Aspiration- Louis Archer
A theoretical framework for employer engagement- Julian Stanley, Anthony Mann
A conceptual framework for the American Labour Market: engagement, achievement and transition- James Stone ш
Youth Employment in the Twenty-First Century- Kathrin HoeckelPart two: Social and economic contexts
Chapter 5Social Mobility in Britain 1991-2005- Yaojun Li, Fiona Devine
The winners and losers in the ‘hourglass’ labour market- Craig Holmes, Ken Mayhew
Local labour markets: What effects do they have on the aspirations of young people?- Ralf St. Clair, Keith Kintrea, Muir Houston.
Local labour markets: What effects do they have on the aspirations of young people?- Emma Norris, Becky Francis
Part three: Equity and Access in the experience of employer engagement
The views of young Britons (aged 19-24) on their teenage experiences of school-mediated employer engagement - Anthony Mann, Elnaz T. Kashefpakdel
That aroma of where they are likely to go: Employer engagement in high performing English independent schools- Prue Huddleston, Anthony Mann, James Dawkins
The role of Work Experience in the UK Higher Education admissions process- Steven Jones
How school work experience policies can widen student horizons or reproduce social inequality- Tricia le Gallais, Richard HatcherPart four: Economic Impacts and Employment Outcomes
School-mediated employer engagement and labour market outcomes for young adults: wage premia, NEET outcomes and career confidence- Christian Percy, Anthony MannChapter 14
Exploring outcomes of youth apprenticeship in Canada- Alison Taylor, Milosh Raykov, Zane Hamm,
Work experience: the economic case for employers- David MasseyConclusion
Conclusions- Julian Stanley, Anthony Mann, Louis Archer....................................
Anthony Mann is Director of Policy and Research at the Education and Employers Taskforce.Julian Stanley is Head of Centre, Centre for Education and Industry, University of Warwick, UK.
Louise Archer is Professor of Sociology of Education at King’s College London, UK.