16 pages | 132 B/W Illus.
During the past three decades, urban groundwater has emerged as one of the world’s most pressing issues. Explosive population growth, most prevalent in cities, has placed an inordinate demand on groundwater supply, prompting concerns for its long-term sustainability at a time when the quality of available groundwater resources is being increasingly degraded by anthropogenic activity. Cities less reliant on groundwater for potable supply are equally obliged to manage subsurface water with cautious respect since rising groundwater levels can generate a myriad of problems such as unstable land slopes, flooded basements, tunnels and electrical utilities, and the release of polluted water to urban wetlands, springs and streams.
Challenges in Urban Groundwater is premised on a growing recognition that most urban groundwater problems are not uniquely associated with any particular region or hydrogeological environment, and much can be learned by understanding the successes and failures of others. It showcases the best urban groundwater papers presented at the International Geological Congress held in Florence, Italy in 2004, and is supplemented by contributions solicited from other world experts active in urban groundwater research. Topics covered range from the urban water balance and rising groundwater levels to groundwater contamination and the role of aquifer modelling.
Preface: Matthias Eiswirth Memorial
RECHARGE MECHANISMS AND THE URBAN WATER BALANCE
1. Urban-enhanced groundwater recharge: review and case study of Austin, Texas, USA
2. Flow and solute transport monitoring at an urban lysimeter at Union Brewery, Ljubljana, Slovenia
3. Urban infrastructure and its impact on groundwater contamination
4. Urban groundwater problems in Cork city, southwest Ireland
5. Impact on urban groundwater by wastewater infiltration into soils
6. Direct measurements of exfiltration in a sewer test site in a medium-sized city in southwest Germany
7. Upscaling of laboratory results on sewer leakage and the associated uncertainty
ASSESSMENT OF CONTAMINANT IMPACTS
8. Groundwater flow velocities indicated by anthropogenic contaminants in urban sandstone aquifers
9. Development of a GIS model for assessing groundwater pollution from small scale petrol spills
10. Assessment of groundwater contaminant vulnerability in an urban watershed in southeast Michigan, USA
11. Xenobiotics in urban areas - investigation and estimation of chemical fluxes
URBAN RECHARGE MANAGEMENT
12. Conjunctive use of urban surface water and groundwater for improved urban water security
13. Stormwater infiltration technologies for augmenting groundwater recharge in urban areas
14. Aspects of urban groundwater management and use in India
URBAN AQUIFER MANAGEMENT
15. Evaluating groundwater allocation alternatives in an urban setting using a geographic information system data model
16. Can urban groundwater problems be transformed into new water resources?
17. Hydraulic Interactions between aquifers in the Viterbo area (Central Italy)
18. Alarming rise in groundwater levels beneath the city of Jodphur: an example of ground and surface water interaction in the Thar Desert of western India
19. Groundwater modelling to evaluate the risk of aquifer depletion due to a construction site in an urban area in Basel, Switzerland
20. Urban groundwater resources: a case study of Porto city in northwest Portugal
21. Water resources management in Taiz, Yemen: a comprehensive overview
The International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) serves scientists, engineers and other professionals working in the field of groundwater resource planning, management and protection. IAH has two book series which are produced under the imprint of CRC Press in the Netherlands, part of the Taylor and Francis Group. IAH books have the common purpose of spreading the science and knowledge of hydrogeology and are products arising from IAH’s congresses and meetings, its commissions and networks, as well as a variety of other sources. Information is gathered from highly respected sources and include case studies, regional descriptions, analyses of sub-disciplines and outputs from major international programmes.
The first series is the Selected Papers, often referred to as the ‘green books’. These are collections of papers derived from Congress and other meetings which normally, but not always, were sponsored by IAH. They may also be a collection of papers derived from a programme of investigation that again need not necessarily have enjoyed direct IAH involvement.
International Contributions to Hydrogeology
The second series, International Contributions to Hydrogeology, the ‘blue books’, includes monographs on sub-disciplines of hydrogeology as well as outlets for major international investigatory programmes and collections of papers within a broad theme of international interest.