This book calls for re-conceptualising urban recovery by exploring the intersection of reconstruction and displacement in volatile contexts in the Global South. It explores the spatial, social, artistic, and political conditions that promote urban recovery.
Reconstruction and displacement have often been studied independently as two different processes of physical recovery and human migration towards safety and shelter. It is hoped that by intersecting or even bridging reconstruction with displacement we can cross-fertilize and exploit both discourses to reach a greater understanding of the notion of urban recovery as a holistic and multi-layered process. This book brings multidisciplinary perspectives into conversation with each other to look beyond the conflict-related displacement and reconstruction and into the greater processes of crises and recovery. It uses empirical research to examine how trauma, crisis, and recovery overlap, coexist, collide and redefine each other. The core exploration of this edited collection is to understand how the oppositional framing of destruction versus reconstruction and place-making versus displacement can be disrupted; how displacement is spatialized; and how reconstruction is extended to the displaced people rebuilding their lives, environments, and memories in new locations. In the process, displacement is framed as agency, the displaced as social capital, post-conflict urban environments as archives, and reconstructions as socio-spatial practices.
With local and international insights from scholars across disciplines, this book will appeal to academics and students of urban studies, architecture, and social sciences, as well as those involved in the process of urban recovery.
Table of Contents
1. Re-Conceptualizing Urban Recovery in the Age of Protracted Displacement
Part 1: Understanding Systems and Scales of Governance
2. Global Compacts or Containment? Geopolitics by Design
3. Refugees, Resettlement, and the Territorial Correlates of Resilience
Diane E. Davis
4. Spatial Patterns, Gray Spacing, and Planning Policy Implications: The Urbanization of Forced Population Displacement in Lebanon
Mona Harb, Mona Fawaz, and Carla Al-Hage
5. Governing Displaced Cities: Calibrating Reconstruction Amidst Instability
6. City Development Frame as a Tool for Urban Recovery in Azaz (Syria)
Ghiath Al Jebawi
Part 2: Housing the Displaced
7. Understanding Protracted Displacement Through the Dwelling: The Temporal Injustice of the Not Quite, Not Yet Solutions to Refugee Crises
8. Learning to be a City: Emerging Practices for Housing the Displaced in Bar Elias (Lebanon)
Joana Dabaj, Camillo Boano, and Howayda Al-Harithy
9. The Urban Recovery of Baghdad’s Neighborhoods in the Aftermath of ‘Al-Taifiyah’ Sectarian Conflict
Part 3: Conceiving of Cultural Heritage in the Recovery Process
10. From Recovery to Resilience: Challenges and Opportunities for Post-Crisis Recovery of Urban Cultural Heritage
11. The [Framing] of Heritage in the Post-War Reconstruction of Beirut Central District (Lebanon)
Howayda Al-Harithy and Dina Mneimneh
12. The Politics of Urban Recovery in a Soviet-Era Spa Resort Town: Heritage Tourism and Displaced Communities in Tskaltubo, Georgia
Suzanne Harris-Brandts and David Sichinava
13. Creative Institutionalism: Statecraft Beyond the State in Palestine
Chiara de Cesari
14. Souls of Homes: Heritage as a Manifestation of Community Relationships Through Space and Time
Part 4: Space and Imaginaries in Framing Post-crisis Recovery(s)
15. Transient City – Steadfast Camp: Re/Construction of Ancient Rome and Present Dheisheh
16. Urban Recovery at the Mall: Displacement and Solace in Beirut’s Spaces of Consumption
17. Confiscated Imaginaries: Notes on a Work in Progress
Howayda Al-Harithy is a Professor of architecture at the department of architecture and design at the American University of Beirut and Research Director at the Beirut Urban Lab. She is editor of Lessons in Post-War Reconstruction: Case Studies from Lebanon in the Aftermath of the 2006 War, published by Routledge in 2010.