Urban Renewal and School Reform in Baltimore: Rethinking the 21st Century Public School, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Urban Renewal and School Reform in Baltimore

Rethinking the 21st Century Public School, 1st Edition

By Erkin Özay


232 pages | 29 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367332570
pub: 2020-07-20
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Urban Renewal and School Reform in Baltimore examines the role of the contemporary public school as an instrument of urban design.

The central case study in this book, Henderson-Hopkins is a PK-8 campus serving as the civic centrepiece of the East Baltimore Development Initiative. This study reflects on the persistent notions of urban renewal and their effectiveness for addressing the needs of disadvantaged neighbourhoods and vulnerable communities. Situating the master plan and school project in the history and contemporary landscape of urban development and education debates, this book provides a detailed account of how Henderson-Hopkins sought to address several reformist objectives, such as improvement of the urban context, pedagogic outcomes, and holistic well-being of students.

Bridging facets of urban design, development, and education policy, this book contributes to an expanded agenda for understanding the spatial implications of school-led redevelopment and school reform.


"Urban Renewal and School Reform in Baltimore: Rethinking the 21st Century Public School offers valuable insight into the powerful roles that schools and anchor institutions play in place-based development and community building. Through his depiction of the development of Baltimore’s Henderson-Hopkins School, Ozay deftly highlights the iterative and difficult process of planning and development and the dynamic and often fraught relationships between designers, developers, public officials and communities. The story illustrates why any act of architecture or planning should be grounded in an understanding of the community’s unique socioeconomic and physical context and the necessity of engaging people in a meaningful, collaborative process anchored by a collective vision and values."

Anne-Marie Lubenau, FAIA

Director of the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence at the Bruner Foundation

"Erkin Ozay’s account of the Baltimore Schools is truly masterful at many levels: at exposing the importance of past reforms and their cumulative impact on education today, at explicating the complexities, challenges and benefits of the collaborative process in the programming and design of educational facilities, and at conveying to its readers, in a responsibly uplifting way, the crucial role that architecture plays in enlivening education and democracy while it is being enlivened by them."

Hashim Sarkis,

Dean of the School of Architecture and Planning, MIT

Table of Contents


List of Figures


Preface: From Dunbar to Henderson-Hopkins

Introduction: Why Henderson-Hopkins Matters?

Chapter One: Baltimore and Its Schools

Chapter Two: Competing Visions for Middle East

Chapter Three: School as Anchor

Chapter Four: A New Park and a New School

Chapter Five: Between City and Classroom

List of Interviews


About the Author

Erkin Özay is an Assistant Professor of Architecture and Urban Design at University at Buffalo, The State University of New York. Özay’s research is concerned with institutional and cooperative settings and their ability to serve as mediators against structural inequities affecting the lives of vulnerable urban communities. Özay previously taught at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, University of Toronto, and Northeastern University. A registered architect in the United States, he also practiced with various international firms including Foster and Partners in London, UK and Hashim Sarkis Studios in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

About the Series

Routledge Research in Planning and Urban Design

The Routledge Research in Planning and Urban Design series provides the reader with the latest scholarship in the field of planning and beyond. The series publishes international research covering spatial planning, regional planning, planning history, planning theory, communities, impact assessment, transport, sustainability and urban design. Building on Routledge’s history of academic rigor and cutting edge research, the series will contribute to the rapidly expanding literature in all areas of planning and urban design. 

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
ARCHITECTURE / Urban & Land Use Planning